The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money, an

"Science," the Greek word for knowledge, when appended to the word "political," creates what seems like an oxymoron. For who could claim to know politics? More complicated than any game, most people who play it become addicts and die without understanding what they were addicted to. The rest of us suffer under their malpractice as our "leaders." A truer case of the blind leading the blind could not be found. Plumb the depths of confusion here.

Re: The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money

Postby admin » Sat Dec 16, 2017 4:50 am

APPENDIX: The Questions Whose Answers Are Secret

1. Did any U.S. intelligence agency ever have a relationship with Bernie Houghton? What was the nature and duration of the relationship?

2. What were the dates of Michael Hand's employment by any U.S. intelligence agency, whether on a permanent or contract or other ad hoc assignment, and what was his work?

3. Did the CIA ever have a relationship with Frank Nugan? What was the nature and duration of the relationship?

4. Admiral Yates has said that Dale Holmgren, while an officer of Nugan Hand and officially retired from the intelligence service, continued to work actively to develop "a close relationship with the U.S. military forces and the business and government community" on Taiwan. What was the exact nature of Holmgren's relationship with the U.S. military or intelligence community, or the U.S. Government at all, while he worked for Nugan Hand?

5. How and when did Bernie Houghton meet Admiral Yates? What was the nature and duration of their relationship? Did Houghton, as Sir Paul Strasser has said, have letters of recommendation from Admiral Yates and other high-ranking U.S. military officers when he arrived in Australia in 1967? If so, how did this come about?

6. Colonel Allan Parks, U.S. Air Force (ret.), has said that while serving undercover for U.S. intelligence as an official of the U.S. embassy in Vientiane, Laos, in the 1960s, he became aware that Bernie Houghton was generally known by U.S. intelligence to be transporting contraband such as drugs and gambling devices around Southeast Asia, along with surplus military equipment and other goods. Talks with numerous persons make clear that Houghton had such a reputation. Colonel Parks has said that Houghton's movements were frequently recorded on cable traffic he saw at the embassy, and that General Aderholt was also aware of it. What did the U.S. intelligence agencies do with their information and records on Houghton? Did the United States ever attempt to stop his trafficking in contraband? If so, how? If not, why not? Did the United States make its knowledge of Houghton's trafficking in contraband available to Yates and others who met with him while on active duty, and who later went to work for Nugan Hand?

7. It seems inevitable that U.S. intelligence would have developed further information on Houghton during the years when he was the primary caterer to the social needs of U.S. servicemen on R & R in Sydney. There is abundant evidence that he was well known to various U.S. political, military, and intelligence officials. This period overlapped several years when Houghton was a critical factor in the operation of Nugan Hand, though not yet an officer of it, Were any records kept of his relationships with U.S. officials? If so, what do they reflect, and what use has been made of them? If not, considering his friendships with so many important people -- including at least two CIA station chiefs, Milt Wonus and John Walker-why not?

8. What was the nature and duration of the CIA's relationship with Kermit L. ("Bud") King (former Air America pilot)? Does any U.S. Government agency have a file on King's mysterious death during his business association with Michael Hand? If so, does it-or any other intelligence file-reveal participation by Hand in any illegal activities, including but not limited to bringing drugs out of Asia? What use was made of this information? Were U.S. military and intelligence officers who dealt with Hand before and after their retirement informed of this?

9. Does any U.S. intelligence or law enforcement agency have a record of any drug transactions that Hand or Houghton carried on with people from the Asian mainland, including, but not limited to, Khun Sa, the military leader from the Shan States of Burma? Were U.S. military and intelligence officers who dealt with Hand before and after their retirement informed of this?

10. When did U.S. intelligence agencies first become aware that Nugan Hand was soliciting large deposits in violation of the foreign exchange control laws of many countries? That it was moving money for illegal drug dealers? That it was soliciting deposits from U.S. citizens in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere? That it was soliciting deposits from U.S. servicemen, including on U.S. military bases? What use was made of this knowledge?

11. Why was Michael Hand allowed to keep his U.S. passport after he accepted Australian citizenship?

12. Why were the Australian visa problems of Bernie Houghton, a U.S. citizen, in February 1972, solved by the intervention of a top official (Leo Carter) of the Australian Security Intelligence Organization? What do U.S. intelligence agencies know of any relationship that Houghton, or any other Nugan Hand figure, had with ASIO? When and how did U.S. intelligence agencies become aware of this?

13. Has any oversight authority examined records of cable traffic that Christopher Boyce might have seen while working for TRW Corp., to see if the facts might justify his charges that the cable traffic indicated U.S. involvement in Australian political and labor affairs? What records were located, who examined them, and what were the findings? Do records of any cable traffic or other records from any U.S. intelligence organization provide evidence to support charges, made by Boyce, by several officials of the Australian Labor Party, and by others, that the U.S. involved itself in Australian domestic political or labor activities, or provided covert impetus for the removal of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam from office in 1975?

14. Did any U.S. intelligence agency ever have a relationship with, or arrange for money to be paid to or on behalf of, former Australian Governor General John Kerr? If so, please provide details. Did any representative of the U.S. Government communicate, directly or indirectly, with Kerr in the week prior to his dismissal of Gough Whitlam? What was the nature of the communication?

15. People who knew Bernie Houghton well in Australia say that he was given access to U.S. military transport at Richmond Air Base there. Is this true? Why did it happen?

16. Was there any official relationship, on a contract basis or otherwise, between Houghton and the former Australian CIA sta lion chiefs Walker and Wonus?

17. After Hand's tour of duty in Laos with the CIA, did he at any time return to the U.S. for further training or briefing by any U.S. intelligence agency? Did Houghton ever get such training or briefing?

18. During Hand's time in southern Africa or Rhodesia, and during his time in Panama, did he have any contact with, or relationship with, anyone in any U.S. intelligence agency?

19. Did any employee or contract agent of any U.S. intelligence agency ever use the Nugan Hand organization to finance or otherwise arrange arms deals in southern Africa or elsewhere?

20. Did any employee or contract agent of a U.S. intelligence agency ever use Joe Judge to finance or arrange arms deals?

21. Did any U.S. intelligence agency ever use Nugan Hand to make payments to any individual or company for any purpose?

22. Was there any relationship between Patry Loomis and any person associated with Nugan Hand prior to Loomis's retirement from the CIA? Or after? Is there truth to a report in Foreign Policy magazine (winter 1982-83) that Loomis, perhaps using another name, was a director of a company in the Nugan Hand group?

23. What was the nature and duration of any relationship between Hand or Houghton and Theodore Shackley before Shackley left the CIA? What do U.S. intelligence agencies know of their relationships with Shackley after he retired from the CIA?

24. When and how did any U.S. intelligence agency become aware of a relationship between Thomas Clines and anyone associated with Nugan Hand, particularly Houghton? What is known about the nature and duration of the relationship? Did it exist before Clines left the CIA? Did Clines have any relationship with any U.S. intelligence agency after his announced retirement from the CIA? When and how did any U.S. intelligence agency become aware that Clines went to Australia shortly after Nugan Hand failed, and left Australia with Houghton? Has anyone looked for records of cable traffic between Clines and anyone involved in Nugan Hand? (Australian authorities say there was cable traffic between Clines and Hand while Clines was still with CIA.) Were any records found? Do any exist? What do they disclose?

25. When and how did any U.S. intelligence agency become aware of a relationship between Ricardo Chavez and anyone associated with Nugan Hand, particularly Houghton? What is known about the nature and duration of the relationship? Did it exist while Chavez was still a contract agent for the CIA? Did Chavez have any relationship with any U.S. intelligence agency after his service as a CIA contract agent?

26. When and how did any U.S. intelligence agency become aware that Chavez was planning to work with Nugan Hand? What is known about their relationship?

27. Was any instruction given by any employee of any U.S. intelligence agency to any Australian, or to any Australian security agency, about Hand, Houghton, or Nugan Hand in general?

28. How and when did any U.S. intelligence agency first learn the identity of the mysterious "Charlie" who entered Australia and helped Michael Hand leave under a phony identity?

29. Has any U.S. intelligence agency been in contact with Hand since he left Australia in June 1980? When, how, and what happened?

30. When was the last contact that a U.S. intelligence agency had with Houghton? How did it occur, and what happened?

31. Did Naval Task Force 157 ever have representatives in Australia? Who were they and what did they do? Was Edwin Wilson ever one of them?

32. When and how did any U.S. intelligence agency become aware that Wilson and Houghton were meeting? What does U.S. intelligence know about the purpose and content of the meetings?

33. Did U.S. intelligence attempt to warn anyone working for Nugan Hand or any customers of Nugan Hand concerning what it knew about the people involved? Who was warned, and what was the nature and content of the warnings?

34. If any relationship between Houghton and U.S. intelligence or military agencies is denied, what could account for the frequent visits of important U.S. officials to such a seedy spot as the Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar?

35. Why were the FBI's files on Nugan Hand withheld from disclosure, even to Australian law enforcement authorities, on the ground that they would endanger U.S. "national defense or foreign policy"? How would our national defense or foreign policy be endangered by the release of these documents to anyone, particularly to many properly constituted authorities assigned to investigate and prosecute Nugan Hand's violations of Australian law, specifically: the National Police, the joint state-federal police task force, the Corporate Affairs Commission inquiry under Geoffrey Nicholson, the New South Wales Attorney General's office, and the official liquidator, John O'Brien?

36. Why did FBI agent John Grant refuse to look at evidence of possible violation of U.S. law that John O'Brien, the official Australian liquidator for Nugan Hand, tried to show him?

37. To whom, and at what Australian government agency, does the FBI say it disclosed all its information on Nugan Hand? Why would it not do so to other authorized Australian law enforcement agencies with whom the FBI normally does exchange information on criminal matters?

38. When and how did U.S. intelligence or law enforcement agencies become aware of Nugan Hand's activities in the drug center of Chiang Mai, Thailand? What is known about these activities? Since there is abundant evidence that this activity involved criminal violations, at the very least of the law of Thailand, why has the information not been disclosed? Why did Richard Virden, information officer with the International Communications Agency, intervene to block Drug Enforcement Agency officers in Chiang Mai who were seeking to exchange information about, Nugan Hand with a reporter? What information could they have disclosed if Virden had not intervened?

39. When and how did any U.S. intelligence agency become aware that Frank Nugan's telephone calls were being electronically intercepted? What is known about this? Does any U.S. intelligence agency know the contents of any intercepted conversations? Has any inquired?

40. Does any U.S. intelligence agency know any reason why John Owen, a former career British Navy officer working for Nugan Hand in Thailand, would prepare long, detailed reports of military capabilities and troop movements of the various armed factions in Southeast Asia, particularly Cambodia? Has U.S. intelligence ever obtained information from these reports? How?

41. Did any U.S. intelligence service ever receive information from any officer, director, employee, or agent of Nugan Hand on any subject?

42. Has U.S. intelligence had any dealings involving Prince Panya Sonvanna Phouma? Has Nugan Hand played a part in any such dealings? Have any U.S. intelligence dealings with Prince Panya involved arms sales, or the possible operation of an air freight service, or a cloud-seeding service?

43. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with Neil Evans, the Australian who represented Nugan Hand in Chiang Mai? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

44. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with Donald Beazley? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

45. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with George Shaw, or with relatives of his in Lebanon? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

46. How did so many employees of Air America and Continental Air Service become shareholders of Australian and Pacific Holdings Ltd., the company Nugan and Hand founded before launching the Nugan Hand group? Did any U.S. Government agency facilitate these investments?

47. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with Clive ("Les") Collings, Nugan Hand's Hong Kong representative? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

48. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with Wilfred Gregory, Nugan Hand's Philippine representative? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

49. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with John Needham, a co-founder of Nugan Hand? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

50. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with George Farris, a Nugan Hand Washington representative? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

51. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with the Wing-On Bank, Nugan Hand's Hong Kong bankers? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

52. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with the Inter-Alpha group of banking companies, which handled international accounts for Nugan Hand? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

53. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with Elizabeth Thomson, Nugan Hand's lawyer? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

54. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had any dealings with Neil Scrimgeour, a Nugan Hand confidant in Western Australia? What was the nature and duration of these dealings?

55. When and how did U.S. intelligence become aware of Nugan Hand's plan to move Asian refugees to an island in the Caribbean? What thoughts, if any, did it render about this plan?

56. Does the U.S. Government know why millions of dollars were transferred from Nugan Hand accounts in Asia to a Nugan Hand account in Hawaii and then transferred on to Panama? Does the U.S. Government know what use was made of this money?

57. Has any U.S. intelligence agency ever had a relationship with the Hawaiian Trust Company, or Douglas Philpotts, an officer of that bank?
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 29959
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money

Postby admin » Sat Dec 16, 2017 4:52 am

AFTERWORD [1]: The True Patriots

In his otherwise admirable fight against the scourge of drugs, fraud, illegal arms sales, and abuse of government power, Mr. Kwitny has maliciously maligned and assassinated the character of some truly great American heroes and in so doing has besmirched the reputations of the military and intelligence services of this nation. My purpose here is to defend the honor of those men and the services they represent.

The general comments herein concern only those people for whom I had some measure of responsibility for their involvement in Nugan Hand and for whom I can speak with great confidence. Their names are: General Edwin Black, General Erie Cocke, General LeRoy Manor, Mr. Dale Holmgren, Dr. Guy Pauker, Mr. Donald Beazley, Mr. William Colby, Mr. Walter McDonald, Mr. Robert Jantzen, and Mr. George Farris (hereinafter, THE TRUE PATRIOTS).

I specifically exclude all others, not because I consider them guilty or care any less about their fair treatment, but because I do not have the time, space, or knowledge to defend them against the alleged crimes. I use the word "alleged" advisedly, for as of this date, more. than seven years after the collapse of Nugan Hand, no crimes have been proven.

Before addressing the general reader, I direct my first comments to the Nugan Hand employees and investors, who were the principal victims of the bank failure. Each of THE TRUE PATRIOTS has expressed to me a most genuine distress for your losses, particularly those of you whom they might have influenced to invest in Nugan Hand. Most of them lost significant sums of their own. For example, I never received any pay due me and personally lost over twenty-five thousand dollars in unreimbursed business expenses. We are, therefore, able to share both your agony and your anger.

Having devoted their lives to the service of their country and having often risked those lives in dangerous missions, THE TRUE PATRIOTS highly treasure the morale and reputation of those who are taking the same risks today in our national defense. They are distressed over any damage done to that morale and reputation by such warped and distorted viewpoints as found in this book.

Each of them deplores the injury done to the relationship between the United States and Australia, a long, strong, and mutually important relationship, which the Soviet Union and its KGB Disinformation Service would dearly love to destroy.

For the above reasons they unanimously regret any distress that their association, however innocent, might have contributed to others. I add to these regrets my own remorse for having induced THE TRUE PATRIOTS to join Nugan Hand. I must take full responsibility for that. They associated with Nugan Hand largely because of their trust in my assurances that I had gone to extraordinary lengths to determine the integrity of that organization and found no evidence whatsoever of a shortfall.

I informed them that my assurances were based on my personal interviews with a wide range of highly respectable, knowledgeable people and agencies, many of whom had a recognized duty to know the bona fides of Nugan Hand. These included: the managing directors of the two largest banks in Australia, which held Nugan Hand accounts; an agent of the Reserve Bank, which has responsibilities similar to our Federal Reserve Bank; the Premier of New South Wales, whose private office was adjacent to the Nugan Hand offices; two prominent Australian lawyers who had worked closely with Mr. Nugan; an agent of the Australian Tax Department, who was familiar with Mr. Nugan's tax work; the managing director of the Sydney subsidiary of Citicorp, who traded securities with Nugan Hand; a partner of the accounting firm that certified Nugan Hand records; vice-presidents of two large international banks that had accounts with Nugan Hand; the U.S. Consul General in Sydney; the desk officer in the Department of Commerce who publishes financial reports on Australian firms; agents of the Treasury Department; agents of the FBI; some highly satisfied clients of Nugan Hand; and several employees. Of all these, none gave any unfavorable information, and most had high praise. General Black and others interviewed similar groups, including prominent newspapers, with comparable results.

In recruiting THE TRUE PATRIOTS, I explained the substance of my lengthy conversations with Mr. Nugan and Mr. Hand about their ultimate objective to build an international "one-stop business shopping- center" organization to make it easier for small businesses to compete in the international marketplace against the multinational cartels. They liked the concept and the opportunity to pursue it. They believed, as I did, that their employment was honorable, that Mr. Nugan and Mr. Hand were honorable, successful, and reliable businessmen, with the highest sense of personal integrity and genuine concern for their clients.

In response to queries about how the firm made money, Mr. Nugan gave me an extensive mathematical dissertation, supported by genuine money market documents, on how to "gross-up" the interest yield on money by buying and selling discounted bills of exchange on the lively Sydney market. He later held a conference of other employees to explain this important aspect of Nugan Hand's money market operation. He further informed me and others that his law practice yielded four to twelve million dollars per year (a false claim, nevertheless substantiated by two other lawyers and a CPA) and that the money was always available as a drawdown to protect our client's deposits.

When I first joined Nugan Hand, I undertook an intensive self-taught accounting and business-law course, at the suggestion of Mr. Nugan, as a first step to better equip myself to make business judgments and eventually assume a position of responsibility and authority in Nugan Hand Bank. In a letter dated 24 January 1977 Mr. Nugan wrote as follows:

Your title (which may be used on your business cards, letter heads, and in all business contexts) is "President, Swiss Pacific Bank and Trust Company." In this regard you shall be a member of the Board of Directors and shall be subject to the Managing Director, (Mr. Hand) and to the Chairman of the Board of Directors (Mr. Nugan) as well as to the Board of Directors meeting as a Board in the normal course. It is contemplated that as of about the time that an interest in the Bank is made available to you, the position of President will be given its full normal powers by the Board to the effect that you shall become the Chief Executive Officer of the Bank at that time.


The title became effective on 6 April 1977 and I resigned officially by letter on 12 October 1979, never having attended a board meeting or been given any executive authority. The cunning delays of Mr. Nugan (which I now believe were contrived to forestall me from gaining the authority and information that should have accompanied my title) prevented me from being able to determine the true financial status of the bank.

For example, in June 1977 Mr. Nugan gave me my first assignment: to call on the presidents of a hundred U.S. banks to tell them about Nugan Hand's guaranteed deposit arrangements. Though it yielded poor results, this four-month project and similar ones, such as the attempted purchases of various banks and the opening of new offices, constituted the major scope of my assigned duties and authorities and served as clever diversions to my efforts toward becoming an executive.

Following my resignation on 12 October 1979, I was placed on a consulting status to Mr. Hand personally, with no Nugan Hand Bank authority whatsoever. I was enrolled in the Harvard University Business School awaiting the scheduled formation of a Nugan Hand international holding company, in which I was promised options on a 20 percent interest and a seat on the board. Nugan Hand collapsed while I was still attending school, and I then learned that several others had been promised options on the same 20 percent.

Throughout my time of observation as president of Nugan Hand Bank, THE TRUE PATRIOTS served honestly and loyally the interests of Nugan Hand and its clients. They had grown up in the military service and spent their lives in the company of gentlemen well known for honesty and honor, where it is commonplace to risk one's life, not just one's money and reputation, based on the word of a colleague. Day-to-day association with that kind of integrity leads military men to trust their fellow man, and it should not be surprising that it led these men to trust me and my judgment. If any fault can be found, it was in this trust of me, for, to my knowledge, not one of them has committed any crime, violated any law, breached any ethical standard, nor performed any act for which they need be ashamed.

Furthermore, notwithstanding Mr. Kwitny's contempt for their findings, the Australian Royal Commission (the highest judicial body established to investigate the Nugan Hand affair) found no credible evidence to charge any of THE TRUE PATRIOTS with wrongdoing. In their investigation, one of the most thorough and widely reported in the history of the country, the commission developed 11,900 pages of testimony from 267 witnesses under oath. They searched the files of the FBI and held conferences with the highest officials in the CIA. They also found no credible evidence of involvement of the CIA. But where findings of the Royal Commission such as this do not fit his fabricated version of events, Mr. Kwitny casts suspicion on the integrity or intelligence of the commission.

It might be easy to say nothing and let the reader believe Mr. Kwitny's suggestion that THE TRUE PATRIOTS were all working for the CIA. To those about whom THE TRUE PATRIOTS care most, working for the CIA is certainly an honorable profession. But hiding behind that shield would be repugnant to each of them and disloyal to the many fine people who are, in fact, working for the CIA.

Mr. Kwitny does not have the benefit of a background in the military or intelligence services, yet he states authoritatively:

The men this book is mostly concerned with have lived their lives in a world of spying and secrecy.... they have been trained to keep the taxpayers from ... finding out what they do. Compunctions about lying have seldom impeded that effort. They entered their secret world under the cloak of patriotism....


Millions of men and women who have served in the military and intelligence services will easily recognize this as a gross distortion of the truth. They know from first-hand experience that military men and most intelligence officers live remarkably open lives, abhor lying, invite and welcome fair-minded outside attention, and often disguise the depth of patriotism that guides them. This obvious example of distortion is part of a consistent thread of deceit in Mr. Kwitny's descriptions of all the events about which I have first-hand knowledge and leads me to suspect comparable distortions about unfamiliar events throughout his text.

For example, his story that I "raced" to Sydney, Australia, to destroy records is almost totally false. Records of Customs, passports, and airlines and other documents readily show this. He even admits to possible error therein, but he nevertheless uses the story to advance the false accusation that I participated in the destruction of vital records. He also fails to note that the records of Nugan Hand Bank (the only Nugan Hand subsidiary in which I might reasonably be expected to have had some personal interest in the records) were located in Singapore, not Sydney.

Furthermore, he recounts minor and irrelevant differences in the accounts of witnesses, apparently to discredit the word of THE TRUE PATRIOTS, yet he fails to note the consistency of the testimonies of those PATRIOTS taken under oath, as was found by the Royal Commission.

He preposterously describes Nugan Hand's relatively small operation as "mammoth." If Nugan Hand was "mammoth," then what word is left to accurately describe Citicorp, a New York banking firm ten thousand (10,000) times the size of Nugan Hand? This sort of distortion pervades his work and makes one wonder about his motives and his efforts to achieve accuracy.

The book also describes an "elaborate code" system used to shield illegal activity. Yet, by any standard, it was the very simplest of codes, far less complicated than pig-latin, used principally to shorten cable messages. It was prominently posted by office telex machines, was widely distributed to employees, and was available to just about anyone who wanted to use it. Only the most unsophisticated and poorly informed would truly believe that this code could have been seriously used to conceal information. To stress on staff personnel a respect for clients' rights to privacy? Perhaps. But to hide from authorities?? One would have to assume that the authorities are stupid, blind, and illiterate, or that Mr. Kwitny merely wished to give a sinister cast to the story.

The book rails against THE TRUE PATRIOTS for failure, as insiders, to uncover and expose the alleged crimes of N ugan Hand, but Mr. Kwitny fails to note that three of the ten PATRIOTS never visited the Australian headquarters, where the alleged crimes were masterminded, directed, and executed; four of them made only one brief trip; and three made only two or three trips. I personally made only four short trips there, none longer than about ten days and two less than four days. None of THE TRUE PATRIOTS were employed by Nugan Hand Ltd. or any other Australian organization. None even knew about the various companies privately owned or controlled by Mr. Nugan and Mr. Hand, through which the alleged crimes were executed, and most certainly were never allowed to examine their records. The book does not reveal that only after three months of intensive analysis by an experienced former U.S. Federal Reserve Board bank examiner, and a suicide, did the examiner find reason to suspect the true status of Nugan Hand. Even after seven years of study, the liquidating authority, with full access to the records, has been unable to unravel completely the complex accounting and record system which Mr. Nugan had established. To what extent is a prudent man expected to go to establish the integrity of his employer? Should it not suffice to check the certified assurances of reputable accountants, supervising government authorities, clients, business associates, other employees, and the record of past performance?

Through artfully fallacious reasoning, Mr. Kwitny has created criminals out of some noble and unfortunate victims. By reprinting the lies, innuendos, half-truths, loose associations, and distortions of cheap scandal sheets, left-wing newspapers, and communist-fed, anti-American sources, he has, wittingly or unwittingly, served the interests of the Soviet Union and the KGB Disinformation Service.

Finally, even excluding its gross inaccuracies and distortions, this book fails to make a valid case that any of THE TRUE PATRIOTS committed any crime. None were shown to have been involved in or even to have had knowledge of any drug traffic, illegal arms sales, or laundering of money. None of the deposits of their clients violated any currency or banking laws. None of THE TRUE PATRIOTS benefited materially from their association with Nugan Hand, and the only imprudence for which they might be accused is that they trusted a fellow officer.

Earl P. Yates
RADM USN (ret.)

_______________

PUBLISHER'S NOTE:

The assertions and opinions in this afterword do not, obviously, reflect the views of the author. Admiral Yates's rebuttal is included here. at the author's request, because the book contains substantive criticisms of Admiral Yates's role in the Nugan Hand affair, and for five years he had refused to be interviewed by the author. The extraordinary offer of this opportunity to publish his views apparently induced the admiral to read proofs of The Crimes of Patriots.

This afterword has not been edited or altered. Mr. Kwitny stands by his account of the doings of Admiral Yates and his colleagues. The reader must decide for himself which version of events stands closer to the truth.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 29959
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money

Postby admin » Sat Dec 16, 2017 4:53 am

Acknowledgments

This book would not exist without Vicki Barker and Marian Wilkinson. Marian defined the Nugan Hand story. Only her fascination with television left it for someone else to write the book, and she has helped in that immeasurably. Even more important, Vicki defined me, and through some terrible times she single-handedly maintained a sense of mission-gave me the reason to be writing at all. She talked about a moral compass; if there is one, she is the magnetic north.

On a somewhat more mundane plane, both Vicki and Marian provided extensive editorial suggestions, as did Roben Sack and Anthony Scaduto. The reader owes much to Starling Lawrence, my editor at Norton, and to Ellen Levine, my agent, for suggesting revisions. In the case of this book, however, I must single out my friend and Wall Street Journal colleague John Emshwiller for totally voluntary and herculean work that was primarily responsible for helping me prune out the 20 percent of the original manuscript that was, if not unfit, at least unnecessary for human consumption. Thank you to all, especially John.

John Kelly, editor of the National Reporter, was of enormous research help, particularly on the Bishop, Baldwin segment, an episode about which he will probably write a fine book of his own. Jonathan Marshall, editor of the editorial page of the Oakland (California) Tribune, also played an important pan in alerting me to the significance of the Nugan Hand story, and to the work of Marian and her colleague at Australia's National Times, Brian Touhey.

For the first time, I have employed researchers to help with detail checking, and they performed sensationally. Vicki Contavespi in the United States was particularly energetic in turning' telephone calls that were originally aimed at locating some statistic into interviews that produced unsuspected new information. Both she and Andrew Keenan, of the Sydney Morning Herald, in Australia, plumbed court records and bothered numerous people with telephone calls to make sure this book is accurate.

Seth Lipsky, now editor of the editorial page of the Wall Street Journal/Europe but then foreign editor of the Wall Street Journal, is really the father of this book. It was at his suggestion, having just returned from a stint at the Journal's Hong Kong office in the spring of 1982, that I pulled open the file I had been keeping on Nugan Hand and began probing further. Lipsky had sensed the Nugan Hand story needed to be researched in more depth than the Hong Kong office was staffed for then, and the ensuing series of articles in the Journal proved him right.

Stewart Pinkerton, now the Journal's deputy managing editor but then the New York bureau manager, supported the project fully, including signing expense vouchers for some places pretty far from New York. Jack Cooper edited the series in the page-one department. Probably most important of all, Robert Sack lawyered it. And there was important support from a succession of managing editors, including Frederick Taylor (then executive editor, who fended off the Reed Irvine crowd, which, I'm sure he would agree, required far more patience than wit, though Fred has plenty of both), Laurence O'Donnell, and Norman Pearlstine.

A special thanks to Lee Burton, the Journal's accounting reporter, for taking time to apply the tests he considered necessary to ensure that my description of accounting fairly reflects the position of that profession as of the date of his examination.

Thanks to so many people who helped in the concurrent crises: my mother, the Kaplans, Bert and Phyllis Baker, all the Thalers, Tina and Jim Hempstead, Sara Singleton, Tony Scaduto and Stephanie Trudeau, Nancy Enright, Jeane Devlin, Cynthia Jacob, Jill Bullitt, John Emshwiller and Deborah Yaeger, Ellen Levine, Sue-Ann Bennet and Joe Forte, Dick and Arlene Gersh, Don Moffit and Ellen Graham, Ellen Castelluccio, Esther Wender, Sasha Linta, the Plainfield Friends meeting, and maybe most of all my housekeeper, Vicky George. There could never be enough thanks for all they've done.

And lastly a note for readers who may have run across certain other accounts of Nugan Hand that received attention elsewhere, and who may wonder why they are not referred to by me.

One memorable account, which I have noted in the text, was produced by a journalist I previously respected. I couldn't challenge some of it, since her words bore such a stunning resemblance to my own as published in the Wall Street Journal. (I have received lavish apologies-and meals-from both of her publishers and consider that matter closed.) Her account is padded out with familiar and undocumented assertions lifted from sources like Neil Evans and the Covert Action Information Bulletin.

A second account, written by James A. Nathan, a University of Delaware professor, appeared in Foreign Policy magazine, the issue of winter 1982-83. It contained sensational assertions about Nugan Hand and some persons in this book; it stated as fact things that I knew only as rumor or supposition. I eagerly called Professor Nathan to seek documentation, which wasn't provided in the article. Incredibly, he said his only documentation for the daring assertions was press clippings, including some from Communist and other strongly partisan and unreliable publications, and from small-publication journalists I knew to be unreliable. He added that he had "checked it with other people who have agency sources," though he declined to name any. He had not tried to talk to the people involved to hear their denials. Explaining behavior that reporters for any responsible publication would be pilloried for, Nathan said, "Don't get mad at me. I'm not making any of this stuff up. It's all been published.... I figure if it was wrong they [the people being written about] would have taken issue with the original source." Many statements in his article can now be proven wrong.

Finally, in the spring of 1987, a Washington group called the International Center for Development Policy held a press conference to distribute portions of a manuscript about Nugan Hand written by Peter Dale Scott, a University of California professor. In his manuscript, Professor Scott made strong assertions about Nugan Hand that will not be found in this book, and everything he says is carefully footnoted. And who is the source for his assertions, if you turn to the fine print and look at the footnotes? Why, Professor Nathan, of course.

And so it goes in academia.
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 29959
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money

Postby admin » Sat Dec 16, 2017 5:01 am

Part 1 of 2

Index

Abeles, Sir Peter, 14, 61, 82, 237
Mafia connections of, 240-42
wealth and reputation of, 240
Abrams, Elliott, 273
Accuracy In Media, 363
Aderholt, Harry ("Heinie"), 12, 55, 383
on Houghton, 59-61
Afghanistan, 96, 374
AFL-CIO, 45, 129
Africa:
Hand's activities in, 93, 105, 110-12,
117n, 118-19, 385
socialist states in, 106n
U.S. covert activity in, 96, 105-9, 110-13,
115-19
Agee, Philip, 119, 345
Agency for International Development
(AID), 85, 187
Ah Chuan Liau, 330-31
Air America, 46, 51, 55, 85, 185, 211,
290, 388
Air Command and Staff College, 359
Air Force, U.S.:
Cadet Training Program of, 57
on Manor, 34-35
Nugan's ties with, 21·
Saudi venture and, 267, 270-71
Seventh Judiciary Circuit of, 192
Air War College, 359
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF),
Bureau of, 114n
Alexander, Brian, 14, 30-31, 38, 245
disappearance of, 255
income of, 253, 255
as informer for "Mr. Asia" syndicate,
249-52, 254-55
Algren, Nelson, 49-50
Alice Springs, Australia, 126, 131-32
Whitlam's speech at, 136-38
American Bancshares, 294
American Legion, 41, 50, 88, 200
American Machine and Foundry Company,
182
Amin, Idi, 363
Anchor Promotions Ltd., 331-32
J. G. Anderson, 57
Anderson, Mr., 374
Anderson, David, 54
Anderson, Jack, 139
Angleton, Jim, 128
Whitlam and Murphy disliked by,
132-33
Angola, 112-13
CIA operations in, 96
Reagan's obsession with, 25, 109n
U.S. covert activity in, 96, 107-9, lll,
115, 117-19
U.S.-South African alliance and, 109
Anisman, Philip, 79-80
Anoa, 229, 239
Ansett Airlines, 61
Anthony, Doug, 135-36, 137, 139, 141
A. P. I. Distributors, Inc., 309-10, 315
Aquatic Club, 67
Aramco (Arabian American Oil Company),
265
Argentina, British war with, 370
Anyoshi, George, 371, 375
Arky, Stephen W., 356
Armacost, Michael, 351
Army, U.S.:
Criminal Investigation Division of, 52
Mafia connections of, 78-79
Materiel Command of, 104n
Special Forces of, 203, 277
Army War College, 318
Arnim Proprietary Ltd., 330
Arnold, Daniel, 219-20
Asia Foundation, 140-41
Asian Development Bank, 188
Asia Pacific Energy Studies Consultative
Group, 301
Asiaweek, 173
ASIO, see Security Intelligence Organization,
Australian
Askin, Sir Robert, 219
assassinations:
attempted, of Castro, 24
assassinations (continued)
Dillon on, 24
by Mafia, 77-79
in South Vietnam, 21-22
Wilson's involvement in, 102-3, 114,
315
Association for Cultural Freedom, Australian,
140
Association for Freedom, Australian,
179-80, 198
Aston, John, 14, 249
advice given to Shaw by, 328
"borrowers" represented by, 342
"Mr. Asia" Contacts of, 252-53, 255-
56, 328
in "Mr. Asia" money laundering
scheme, 244-48, 251, 254
narcotics agents known to, 253-54
Aston & Alexander, 245, 246, 248-49,
251
Auburn University, 59
Australia, 394-95
Channel Nine of, 208
CIA operations in, 71, 97, 125, 126-40,
141-42, 195-96, 354, 384
communism in, 128, 129n, 132
drug traffic to and from, 77-78, 229-32,
239, 243, 248--49, 251
Hand's migration to, 55, 335-36,
384
Houghton's employment and businesses
in, 58-59, 61-63, 67
Houghton's friends and business associates
in, 61-62, 64, 66-68
Houghton's government connections
in, 38, 63-64
investigations of Nugan Hand
thwarted in, 352-54
Nugan Hand's intervention in politics
of, 125, 178-80
Nugan Hand's receiver in, 332-33
Nugan's inquest held in, 26, 28-33,
40
outflow of capital restrained by,
146-50
U.S. intelligence bases in, 126-27,
130-32, 135, 138
Australia and New Zealand (ANZ)
Banking Group Ltd., 151-53, 156,
172, 177-78, 276
Australian, 319n, 337
Australian and Pacific Holdings Ltd.,
83-84, 388
Nugan's loans from, 84, 85, 86
shareholder list of, 85-86
Australian Royal Commission, 397, 398
Avary, Edwin Davis, 370

Bahamas, CIA affiliated banks in, 161-64
Baker, Bert, 391
Baker, Phyllis, 391
Bali, Indonesia, energy conference in,
289
Bally Corporation, 231
Bangkok, Thailand, 47, 182
currency exchange laws of, 206-7
Nugan Hand office of, 150, 175, 177,
206-7, 215, 217-18, 226-27, 233
Banking Act, Australian, 146
Banking Ordinance, Hong Kong,
363-64
Bank of New South Wales, 152, 156,
189, 260, 343
Bank of Nova Scotia, 153, 161
Bank of Thailand, 223
Banque Nationale de Paris, 156
Barcella, Lawrence, 113-14, 349
Barker, Vicki, 390
Barnes, L. P., 165-66
Bass, L. L., 264
Bates, Brian, 220
Bates, Harvey, 220
Batista, Fulgencio, 277
Bay of Pigs Invasion, 12, 24, 46, 162, 283,
295, 315
Bearsford, Kiowa, 92
Beazley, Donald E., 143, 388, 393
background of, 293-94, 393
depositor reimbursement and, 33 1
as ICONE participant, 287
management conference attended by,
296, 298, 307
Manor and, 357
on money-market operation, 307
Nugan Hand's employment of, 294-
95, 296, 298, 309, 355-56
Somoza deal and, 314-17
Yates's relationship with, 294, 296--99
Bechtel, 266
Henry C. Beck Company, 261-62, 264,
266
Beirut, Lebanon, 275
Benedicto, Robert, 187
Bennett, Sue-Ann, 391
Benny Eggs, 242
Bent, Daniel, 377
Berkeley Mafia, 303
Beveridge, Charles Robertson, 232-33
Bird, William, 60-61
Bird Air, 60
Bishop, Baldwin, Rewald, Dillingham &
Wong, 365-77, 390
brochures of, 372-73
clients who lost money in, 371,
374-75
FDIC claims of, 372, 376
files removed from, 376
financial statements of, 373
IRS investigation of, 375-76
mail-drop offices of, 373-74
staff members of, 370-71
Bishop Investment Company, 372
Bissell, Richard, 121-22
Black, Edwin F., 221, 226, 281, 393, 395
background of, 13, 41-42, 159, 194-
95, J60-61
on charges against Nugan, 259
clients solicited by, 197-98, 220-21
death of, 195n, 198, J62
education of, 194
Houghton's relationship with, 62
Iranian fund venture and, 285
military career of, 41-42, 159, 194-95,
211, 214, 352, 361
as Nugan Hand's Hawaii president,
41, 74, 159, 194, 197-200, 256, 361
politicians and businessmen known
to, 180, 217, 220-21
Scrimgeour's relationship with, 180
Stewart Commission report on, 362,
J64
Wilcox's relationship with, 196-97
Blacker, James, 234
Blume, Peter, 35n
Bolling Air Force Base, 359
Bonin, 137
Boone, Charles Eugene ("Pat"), 81-82,
83, 88
Booth, john, 146
Borneo, 51
Boscher, Joel, 222
Boston Globe, 101n
Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restau
rant, 58, 62-63, 65, 67, 129, 142, 157,
270, 287, 318, 334, J86
Boyce, Christopher, 130-31, 354, 384
Boyd, Bobby Keith, 6e, 68
Bradlee, Ben, 101n
Brandeis, Louis D., 9
Braswell, Arnold, 371
Brincat, George, 14, 159-61, 170, 342,
360, J64
on Nugan Hand's insolvency, 327,
330
Brindle, Wayne john, 253-55
British Airways, 270
British-Argentine war, 370
Brooking, John, 234
Brown, Colin, 129
Brown, Mrs., 129
Brown, Neville, 19-22
Browning, E. S. ("Jim"), 40, 355
Brunei, Sultan of, 12, 15
Contras funded by, 274
Nugan Hand's arrangement with,
273-75
Brunei, Yates's project in, 274-75
Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 42, 288, 302
Buckley, William, 292
Bufkin, David Floyd, 117
Bullitt, Jill, 391
Burma, 43
KMT troops in, 45-48, 51
Burton, Lee, J91
Bush, George, J 54
Busse, Peter, 284
Butterfield, Alexander, 59

Cabezas, Carlo, 380
Cairns, Jim, 134
Calder, Brian, 90, 92
California, University of, 288, 401
California, University of, Berkeley, 79,
147
Center for Southeast Asian Studies at,
303
California, University of, Davis, 183
Cambodia, 181, 374
Vietnamese capture of, 224-25, 387
Cameron Highlands, Malaya, 194
Bruce Campbell & Company, HI
Carpenter, David, 153
Carter, Jimmy, 41, 199, 281, 294
Carter, Leo, 15, 64
Carter, Leon, 179
Casey, William, 310, 381
Castelluccio, Ellen, 400
Castle Bank & Trust Ltd., 46, 294-95,
65
client list of, 163
IRS investigation of, 162-63
Castro, Fidel, 46, 162, 277-79
CIA operations against, 96, 162-63
CIA's attempted assassination of, 24
Cayman Islands:
Nugan Hand's lawyers in, 333
Nigan Hand's operation in, see
Nugan Hand Cayman Islands Bank
CBS Evening News, 207-8
Central Bank, Philippine, 188
"Central Bank of Brunei Enactment of
1978, The," 273-74
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 382
anti-Castro terrorists financed by, 96,
162-63
anti-communist activities of, in China
and Indochina, 44, 46-48, 51
ASIO and, 127-29, 132-34, 136-38,
291, 347
Central Intelligence (continued)
attempt to assassinate Castro by, 24
Australian and Pacific Holdings associated
with, 85-86
Australian operations of, 71, 97, 125,
126-40, 141-42, 195-96, 354, 384
banks tied to, 46, 162-64, 294-95,
365-81
Colby as director of, 22, 71, 95-96,
132, 354
Congressional investigations of, 138,
140-41
covertly owned airlines of, 46-48, 55,
85, 120, 162, 185, 211, 290, 294, 363,
388
Cuban expatriates and Lebanese militiamen
trained by, 24
DEA's Cooperation with, 207
fronts of, 120, 140-41, 195
Gehring's application to, 333-34
Hand's ties with, 26, 32-33, 46, 68,
205, 208-10, 226-27, 235, 290, 338,
384--85, 385-86
Houghton's ties with, 60-61, 62, 65,
68, 196, 382-83, 385, 385-86
independent business organizations
affiliated with, 120-22, 149
in Iran-Contra scandal, 11-12, 60,
283-84, 335, 379-80, 381
KMT drug operation supported by,
47, 51
KMT supplied by, 46-47
McDonald's background with, 290,
304-5, CI
Mafia's ties with, 24
mercenaries for Angola recruited by,
108-9, 111, 115, 117
Montagnard drug operation supported
by, 50-51
Nugan Hand's connections with, 41,
46, 70, 92, 117-18, 121, 122, 164,
187, 207-10, 219-20, 226-27, 268,
276, 283-85, 303-5, 346, 349, 35354,
362-65, 368-69, 371-72, 38586,
387-88, 395
Nugan's death and, 21
operational styles of, 119-22, 179, 180
Pauker's relationship with, 287-88,
300-301, 304
Phao backed by 47-48
proprietaries of, 120, 121-22
Rewald's affiliation with, 365-72,
373-81
on secrecy vs. lying, 35
South Vietnamese operations of,
22-23
Thai operations of, 214
Truman on, 9, 95
U.S. foreign policy and, 95-99, 104-6,
106n, 107-8, 111, 115, 117-18
WerBell's relationship with, 278
Wilson's ties with, 97, 102-4, 114-15,
280-81n
Young's employment with, 211,
212-13
Ceruto, John, 234
Chad, 103, 104
Chakiro, George Ibrahim, 92, 232
Charles, Clemard, 279-80
"Charlie, " 336, 338-39, 386
Charody, John, 14, 61, 64, 219
management conference attended by,
300
Chase Manhattan Bank, 153, 175, 189,
368
Chavez, Ricardo, 385-86
in Somoza deal, 315-18
Stewart Commission report on, 363
Chennault, Anna, 49
Chennault, Claire, 49
Cheshire, Maxine, 263, 281
Chiang Chi-Fu ("Khun Sa"), 228,
383
Chiang Kai-shek, 45-46, 227, 276
attempts to conquer mainland by, 49,
50
propaganda operation of, 48-49
Chiang Kai-shek, Madame, 49
Chiang Mai, Thailand:
drug trade in, 47, 207, 387
Nugan Hand branch in, 47, 6J, 149,
196, 207-16, 227, 233, 350, 387, 388
Nugan Hand investigated in, 350-51
Chile, 130
Nugan Hand's operations in, 226
China, People's Republic of, 182
in Korean War, 49
in Vietnam-Cambodia war, 225-26
China, Republic of:
CIA operations against Communism
in, 44, 46-48, 51
Communist Revolution of, 45, 48
Chittem, Barry Graeme, 233 ..
Choo Cheng Kui ("Jack"), "Mr. Asia"
syndicate m Singapore run by, 245-48
Christ Cella, 65
CIA and the Cult of Intelligence, The
(Marchetti and Marks), 120, 140
CIA Diary (Agee), 344--45
CIA S Australian Connection, The
(Freney), 129n
Citicorp, 393, 396
City National Bank, 356
Civil Air Transport, 46-47, 185, 363
Clark, Terence John, 15, 252-53
Johnstone murdered by, 247--48, 252
Lewis murdered by, 249-52, 254
Narcotics Bureau informers used by,
249, 252, 254-56
Wilsons' murders ordered by, 251-52
Clark Air Force Base, 189, 192, 359
Cleveland Browns, 368
Cline, Ray, lll-l2
on anti-Whitlam coup, 133-34
Clines, Thomas, 12, 15, 55, ll7, 363, 385
Egyptian arms deal involvement of,
319-11, 311, 312, 335, 379
Houghton's escape from Australia
and, 334-335, 379
Iran-Contra involvement of, 311-12,
315-16, 335, 379-80
Wilson's relationship with, 310-11,
315-16
CMI Investments, 365, 368, 391
Cocke, Erle, Jr., 262
background of, 13, 40, 200-201
Indochinese refugee affair and,
280-81
Nejad-Farris suit and, 202-3
Nugan Hand Washington affiliation
of, 40--41, 200-203
Cocke & Phillips International, 40, 200
Colby, William E., 41, 121, 197, 363, 391
on Australian politics, 132, 138
as CIA director, 22, 71, 95-96, 132,
354
Hand and, 26, 71-72, 86
as legal counsel to Nugan Hand, 13,
71-72, 73-74, 289, 290-91, 347
Nugan's ties with, 21-22, 71--72.
324-25
Sapper and, 86
Vietnam operations run by, 21-22,
71-72, 96
Collings, Clive ("Les"), 92-93, 150, 151,
169
background of, 14, 143-44
on Bangkok conference, 219
charges against Nugan and, 259
Chiang Mai activities of, 210, 213,
216
depositors solicited by 153, 154-55,
169-72, 174, 213
drug traffickers known to, 235-37,
239
on Hand, 205
Hong Kong office run by, 181-83,
196, 364, 388
after Nugan Hand's collapse, 360
on Nugan Hand/Wing-On relationship,
154-55
on raiding of Nugan Hand's accounts,
112
Stewart Commission report on, 364
Commerce Department, U.S., 155-56,
Commonwealth Assurance Ltd., 20
Commonwealth of Australia/New South
Wales Joint Task Force on Drug
Trafficking, 96, 314, 340, 356-57, 362
arms dealing investigated by, 110,
113-19, 123-25
background of, 16, 56, 70
"Charlie" identified by, H8-39
deletions in report of, 206
drug dealing investigated by, 231-36,
239, 24On, 243, 244n
on events following Nugan's death,
328, H4-35
on Houghton, 58
Indochinese refugee affair investigated
by, 276-79, 281-82
inept inspectors of, 340-41
on irregularities in Hand's passport,
335
jurisdiction of, 344
on Nugan Hand-CIA connection, 91,
207-8
on Nugan Hand-Wilson connection,
308-13
Saudi venture investigated by, 261-63, 264-
65, 267, 269-71
on Shackley, 103n, 292-93
thwarting of, 345, 346-47, 349
Commonwealth Trade Commission,
183
Communist party of North Vietnam, 22
communists, communism, 23, 25-26,
401
in Africa, 93, 105-6, 107-8, 109n
in Australia, 128, 129n, 132
in China and Indochina, 44, 46--48, 51
on CIA, 9
in France, 45
in Vietnam, 21-22, 224-25
Communities Foundation of Texas, Inc.,
193n
Congress, U.S., 25, 228, 373, 378
on aid to Contras, 60, 273, 292
Chiang's lobbying of, 48-49
CIA investigated by, 138, 140--41
Iran-Contra hearings of, 311, 379
see also House of Representatives,
U.S.; Senate, U.S.
"Connie, " 350-51
Connor, Rex, 114-15
Constitution, U.S., Fifth Amendment
to, 25
Contavespi, Vicki, 399-400
Continental Air Service, 85, 388
Contras:
covert arms network set up for, 310,
311-l2
drug trafficking in support of, 23,
379-80
investigation of funding of, 60, 271
secret diversion of funds to, 11-12,
292, 379
Sultan of Brunei's contribution to,
273-74
Control Data Corporation, 99, 101,
103n-4n, 287
Thomas Cook traveler's checks, 267, 316
Coon, Tucker T., 329-30
Cooper, Jack, 400
Corporate Affairs Commission of New
South Wales, 125, 258, 362
arms deals investigated by, 109, 110,
112, 313
on Beazley, 295
destruction and removal of files investigated
by, 32, 40, 326, 311
drug transactions investigated by,
230-35, 241n, 243, 244n
on events following Nugan's death,
326, 333
on Houghton, 330
illegal fund transfers investigated by,
150
Iranian fund venture investigated by,
284-85
management conference and, 304n,
305
money laundering investigated by,
168n, 169-70
on Nugan Hand's books, 160-62,
170-71, 320-21, 341-42
Saudi venture investigated by, 261,
264n, 265, 266-67
SEC compared to, 16, 32, 70, 258
Somoza deal investigated by, 315-18
thwarting of, 340-42, 344-45, 348,
387
Costa Rica, Contras based in,
380-81
Costello, Mike, 141
Countis, George ("Duke"), 238-39
Counney, Cohn, 234
Covert Action information Bulletin, 400
covert activities:
in Africa, 96, 104-9, 110-13, 115-18
airlines involved in, 46-47, 55, 85, 120,
162, 185, 211, 290, 363, 388
banks involved in, 46-47, 55, 85, 16164,
185, 211, 290, 388
foreign policy of, 377-81
in France, 45
justification of, 11
in Southeast Asia, 21-22, 45-47, 51,
71-72, 96, 214, 222
Cross, 19-20
Cseidi, Bela:
Mafia connections of, 241-42
marijuana farming venture of, 239-41
Cuba, 96, 108
Bay of Pigs incident in, 12, 24, 46, 162,
282-83, 295, 315
Kennedy's policy toward, 24
Cuban Revolution, 45
Cummings, Samuel, 121
Customs, U.S., 350
Cyr, Paul, 103

Daisley, Donald J., 147-48
Deac, Wilfred P., 51
Deak & Company, 149-51, 208, 223
DEBfNHI, 311
"Deer Mission, " 46
Defense Department, U.S., 24, 51-52,
125, 135, 137, 200, 283, 364
Egyptian arms deal of, 10-11, 15
Nugan Hand's ties to, 70
Defore, Jesse J., 270-71
Delaware, University of, 400
Delta Airlines, 200
Demaris, Ovid, 238n, 239
Demos, Stephen, 234
Deriey, Kenneth, 237-38
Devlin, Jeane, 400
DHL, 267
Diem, Ngo Dinh, 50
Dillon, c: Douglas, 24
Dine, Allison, testimony on "Mr. Asia"
syndicate by, 249-52, 255
Distravite Proprietary Ltd., 168-69
Djevaikyl, Suvit, 226-27
Dodds, Jeanne, 204
Dollar Fund of Australia, 92, 93, 143-44,
175
Donegan, Ronald L., 189
Dong Xaoi, Vietnam, 54, 246
Dong Xaoi Ltd., 246
Doubleday & Company, 116n
Douglas, Bronte Norman, 167--68
Dowd, John, 258
Drinkhall, Jim, 46, 162-63
Drug Enforcement Administration
(DEA), 51, 181, 187
CIA's cooperation with, 207
Nugan Hand investigated by, 349-51,
387
Nugan Hand's links with, 207, 215-16,
349
Dulles, Allen, 24, 41, 128, 194
Dun & Bradstreet (0 & B), 368
Dunn, Peter, 144, 216
Duque, Alberto, 356
Durack, Peter, 353
Duran, Gerardo, 380
Dusit Thani Hotel, Nugan Hand staff
meeting at, 218-20
Duval, Thomas ("Smoke"), 101
Duvalier, Francois ("Papa Doc"), 279
Duvalier, Jean-Claude ("Baby Doc"),
279

East India Company, 57-58
Edelsten, Graham, 327
Edwards, 137
Egypt, Pentagon arms deal with, 310-11, 311, 335
Eisenhower, Dwight D., 24, 41, 49, 99,
194
El Chidiac, Charles, 285
Elizabeth II, Queen of England, 240
El Raji, 267
El Salvador, Air Force of, 380
Emshwiller, John, 399, 400
Endless Enemies (Kwitny), 23n, 96n,
108n, 163n, 302n
Energy Department, U.S., 103
Enright, Nancy, 400
Epstein, Edward, 345
Erria, 311
European Economic Community,
301
Evans, Neil, 14, 149, 219n, 227, 233,
284n, 388, 400
advance-free loan scheme run by,
210-211, 215
Chiang Mai activities of, 207-11,
212-16
clients solicited by, 213, 214-16
Gilder's evaluations of, 209, 213-14

John Fairfax & Sons, 129n
Falkland Islands, 370
Farris, George, 13, 201-3, 388, 391
on Beazley's position with Nugan
Hand, 355-356
Fawcett, Farrah, 375
Federal Association of German Banks,
Deposit Security Fund of, 305
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),
63, 102, 127n-28n, 131, 157, 238, 341,
367, 372, 375, 393, 395
Nugan Hand investigated by, 331,
339, 345-49, 351-52, 386-87
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
(FDIC), 372, 376
Federal Narcotics Bureau, Australian,
220
Federal Police, Australian, 346-47,
386-87
Federal Reserve Bank, 293
Federal Reserve Board, 298
Ficke, Bruce, 57-58
Fidelity Bank of Philadelphia, 153-54,
172, 198
Financial Review, 288
First National Bank of Atlanta, 293
Fitzwater, 137
Flagship Banks, 293
Florida, University of, 183
Foley, John J., 83-84, 85
Forbes, 178
Ford, Gerald, 22, 95, 139, 179
Foreign Affairs Department (DFA),
Australian, 13 7
Foreign Investment Development Research
Program (FINDER), 305
foreign policy:
CIA's covert activities and, 95-98,
103-4, 106n, 107-8, 111, 115,
117-18
of perpetual covert war, 377-81
privatization of, 11
for Third World, 301-3
see also Iran-Contra scandal
Foreign Policy, 385, 400-401
Foreign Trade Ministry, Czech, 226
Fork Union Military Academy, 277
Fort Bragg, 54, 103, 203, 355
Forte, Joe, 400
Fox Television, 240
France:
CIA covert activities in, 45
Golden Triangle heroin trade and, 50
Frapat Proprietary Ltd., 172
Fraser, Malcolm, 139, 141, 289
Fratianno, Aladena ("Jimmy the Weasel"),
238 239
Abeles's dealings with, 241-42
Freedom of Information Act, U.S., 345
Freedoms Foundation, 42, 50, 88, 159,
195, 360-61
"French Connection, The, " 45
Freney, Denis, 129n
Fung, David, 154, 178

Galicek, George, 226
Gambino, Carlo, 238
Garcia Hardware Proprietary Limited,
343
Gayler, Noel Arthur Meredyth, 158
Gehring, Robert W., 15, 40, 68, 269, 270
CIA application of, 33 3-34
Hand's and Haughton's escapes assisted
by, 334-35, 337-38
Houghton's relationship with, 329,
333-34
Nugan Hand's files hidden by, 334
on Shaw-Hand meeting, 328-29
Genovese, Vito, 44, 241
George, Vicky, 400
Georgetown University, 201
School of Foreign Service of, 369
George Washington University, 194
Germany, Nugan Hand's operation in,
261, 270, 305
Gersh, Arlene, 400
Gersh, Dick, 400
Geyer, John H., 266
Geyer, Linda, 266, 268-69
Ghorbanifar, Manucher, 291-92
Gilder, Jerry, 144, 216
background of, 14, 39
Evans evaluated by, 209, 213-14
management conference attended by,
304
Nugan Hand's files sanitized by,
36-37
Nugan Hand's salesmen managed by,
175-77, 208-9, 213-14, 260
Owen's correspondence with, 217-18,
221, 222-28
Gilmore, C. A., 253-56
Godfather, Part Two, The, 78
Golden, John G., 280-81
Golden Triangle, 23, 43-52, 207
CIA and, 44
drugs exported from, 47-48, 50-52,
216, 228, 238, 350
investigators of, 43-44, 45, 46, 50
KMT buildup in, 49
world heroin market dominated by,
45-46, 48
Gorman, Trevor, 321-22
Graham, Ellen, 400
Grant, John, 347, 351, 387
Gray, Robert Keith, 99
Greaney, John J., 163-64
Great American Banks, 294, 356
Great Britain, 106
Argentine war with, 370
Brunei and, 273-75
"Mr. Asia" syndicate operations in,
247-48
Green, 58
Green Berets, U.S., 103, 159
Greene, Graham, 374
Gregory, Wilfred, 210, 281, 284
background of, 185-86
on Hand, 204
illegal banking activities of, 36, 173
International Planning run by, 358-59
management conference attended by,
300
Manila branch managed by, 185-90,
329, 339, 357, 388
Manor and, 357-58
Marcos family accounts handled by,
186
Griffith, Australia, 83, 257
reputation of, 77-79
Gritz, James ("Bo"), 371
Groves, Wallace, 164
Gulfstream Bank, 317, 356
Gunderson, Clarence, 370-71

Haiphong harbor, mining of, 99
Haiti, 278
WerBell's promotion of revolution in,
278-80, 282
Hakim, Albert, 310, 311
Hale, Nathan, 97
Hall, J. R. ("Rod"), 253-54
Hall, Richard, 141
Hand, Helen Boreland, 55, 197, 319, 338
Hand, Michael Jon, 71, 136, 168, 183,
186, 240, 333, 352-53, 382, 393
in Africa, 93, 105-6, 110-13 , 117n,
118-19, 385
alleged drug trafficking by, 88, 228n
alleged resignation of, 93
Australian escape of, 334-36, 386
Australian passport of, 335-36, 384
background of, 13, 26, 53-55
at Bangkok conference, 219
banking credentials of, 87
Bob Wilson's meetings with, 319
as cautious, 204-5
CIA drug money shipments and, 208-10,
216
CIA's ties with, 26, 32-33, 46, 68, 205,
208-10, 226, 235, 290, 339, 384-85,
386
code system developed by, 173-74,
223, 246
Colby and, 26, 71-72, 86
depositor reimbursement and, 329,
330-32, 343
disappearance of, 42, 68, 69, 72, 76,
336-37
dishonesty of, 26, 27-28
drug traffickers known to, 234-36,
239, 243, 383-84
education of, 53, 362
health fetishes of, 204
hospital ship plan of, 184
Houghton's relationship with, 55, 56-57, 63,
67-68, 86, 325-26
ideological motivations of, 178-79
Indochinese refugee resettlement project
of, 276, 279-83
investigators thwarted by, 340, 344,
347
Iranian fund venture of, 285
Mafia contacts of, 239-40
management conference attended by,
297-99, 307
marriage of, 55, 75
military record of, 54. 56-57, 178, 2J5.
246
in "Mr. Asia" money laundering
scheme. 246, 252
Nugan Hand's accounts raided by.
332
Nugan Hand's files ransacked by, 32-33,
38-40, 333-34, 364
Nugan inquest testimony of, 26-30,
40, 69, 80, 90-91, 93
Nugan's relationship with, 77, 80, 84
Ogden's claims and, 75-76, 330-31
Panama bank opened by, 142. 145
physical appearance of, 54
Prince Panya's arms deal with, 283
in real estate business; 81-84, 85-88,
92, 290
religious beliefs of. 204. 260. 298
Saffron's association with, 66-68
Sapper's relationship with, 181-82
Saudi venture and, 261-62, 264-65,
268-69
Shackley's relationship with, 291-93,
385
Shah's dealings with, 125
Shaw consoled by, 328-29
Singapore office run by, 173-74, 183,
197, 224
Somoza deal and, 314-15
Southeast Asian visits of, 55, 86, 92,
181
staff members threatened by, 327-28
stalling tactics devised by, 330-31,
331-32, 357
Stewart Commission report on,
362-64
undercover activities of, 55
wife hidden from creditors by, 333
Wilson's associates known to, 314
Yates's project and, 275-76, 305
Yates's relationship with, 158-59
see also Nugan Hand Bank
Hans, Wilhefmus, 110, 112-13, 117n,
144
Harding, Peter, 167
Harpoon Harry's, 63, 65
Harris, George, 134
Harris, Hunter, 371, 375
Harris, Richard, 319-21, 321n, 322-23
Hashemi, Manucher, 291-92
Hatton, John, 78
Hawaii, Nugan Hand activities in, 41,
74, 157, 159, 196, 197-200, 256.345,
360-61
Hawaiian Trust Company. 92, 159, 200,
232, 360, 389
Hawes, James:
in African arms deals, 115-18
in Iranian military deal, 123
Hawker Siddeley Aircraft, 186
Hayden, Bill, 141, 353-54
Helliwell, Paul, 283
background of. 46
CIA affiliated banks run by, 162..{i4,
365
Sea Supply Corporation run by, 46-
48, 120. 162. 294-95
Helms, Richard, 41.194, 360..{il
Hempstead, Jim. 400
Hempstead, Tina, 400
Herman, Tom, 40, 41
Hersh, Seymour M., 22n, 98n, 101n,
102n
Heuschkel & Pollard, 160
Hickey, J. Patrick. 103n
Hickham Air Force Base, 192, 359
Hidex Proprietary Ltd., 172
Hill, Stephen, 38, 218, 239, 309, 324, 364
depositor reimbursement and, 327
on Moloney, 326, 333
Nugan Hand's books and, 320-22,
325, 342, 360
Nugan Hand's files ransacked by, 31-32,
39-40, 325
Nugan Hand's fronts directed by, 172
on Nugan Hand's money laundering
operation, 167, 173, 245
Nugan inquest testimony of, 39-40
on Saffron-Hand association, 66-67
Hincksman, Errol, 247-48
Ho Chi Minh, 46, 96
Holmgren, Dale, 292-93, 363, 382, 391
background of, 13, 185
illegal deposits accepted by, 185
management conference attended by,
300, 307
Home State Savings Bank, 294
Honduras, Contra bases in, 380-81
Hong Kong,
Nugan Hand's office in, 27, 37; 40,
66-67, 93, 111, 147-48, 149-50,
154-57, 158-59, 161, 167-72. 173-
75, 181-83, 196, 201-2, 235-36,
246-47, 266, 268-69, 320, 329, 331-
33, 360, 363-64, 388
Nugan Hand's receiver in, 332-33
Hong Kong Liquidators' office, 16, 171,
175, 188, 33 I, 340
assets uncovered by, 181, 341
on cash flow, 183
on Hand, 204
on hospital ship plan, 184
on illegal transfers of funds, 150
international trade deals investigated
by, 165
jurisdiction of, 343-44
on Taiwan branch, 188
on tax avoidance schemes, 169
on Yates, 275
Honorable Men (Colby), 132
Honorata Societa, L', 78
Houghton, Maurice Bernard ("Bernie"),
71, 91-92, 259n, 287, 292, 364
Aderholt on, 60-61
African arms deal and, 115-16, 118
ASIO's ties with, 63-65, 68, 384,
385-86
Australian escape of, 334--35, 337-38,
379
Australian fraud scheme run by,
329-31
background of, 13, 38-39, 55, 57, 197
Black's relationship with, 62
CIA's ties with, 60-61, 62, 65, 68, 198,
382-83, 385-86
confidants of, 56
depositor reimbursement and, 331,
343
disappearance of, 69
education of, 57
Egyptian arms deal involvement of,
311, 335
employment and businesses of, 38-39,
57-59, 61-63, 65, 67, 129-30
friends and business associates of, 6163,
66-68, 78-79, 82, 129-30, 136,
142, 237, 240, 271, 3ID, 316, 329,
333-34, 362, 378, 384-85, 385-86
funds taken from Nugan Hand
depositors by, 72, 76, 342
Hand's relationship with, 55, 56-57,
63, 68, 86, 325-26
as influential, 318, 324
interviews given by, 56-59, 91-92
investigators thwarted by, 340, 347
in Iranian military deal, 123, 310, 378
Libyan arms sales involvement of,
management conference attended by,
305-6
military career of, 38, 55
military intelligence connections of,
261
Nugan Hand files removed and sanitized
by, 39-40, 325, 334
Nugan Hand's accounts raided by,
332
Nugan Hand Washington and, 200,
204
on Nugan's mental state, 325
Parks on, 59, 60
physical appearance of, 55
Saudi fraud run by, 261-62, 264-71,
305-6, 312, 325
as secretive, 38, 55-56, 57
on Somoza deal, 315-18
Southeast Asian enterprises of, 38, 57-
59, 61, 86, 382-83
on start of Nugan Hand, 91-92
successful techniques used by, 306-7
Wilson's relationship with, 104-5,
312-13, 317-18, 386
Yates's project run by, 275
Yates's relationship with, 39, 157-58,
263, 382-83
House of Representatives, U.S.:
Armed Services Committee of, 21,
318-19, 324
Contra supply operations investigated
by, 381
Select Committee on Narcotics of, 44
see also Congress, U.S.; Senate, U.S.

Iannello, Matthew ("Matty the Horse"),
65-66
Ichord, Richard, 21, 318
Illarangi Investments Proprietary Ltd.,
172
Ilopango Air Force base, 380-81
Immigration Department, Australian,
58, 64
Indonesia, 127, 136, 274-75
Pauker's expertise on, 288, 300,
301-3
U.S. intelligence operations in, 115,
118
Inglebeck, R. Marshall, 267
Ingold fund, 145, 155
Ingram submachine gun, 278
Inman, Bobby Ray, 100-101, 103, 287
Inquiry, 99n, 158n, 290
In Search of Enemies (Stockwell), 117n,
344-45
Inter-Alpha Asia Ltd., 246, 388
Interarms Company, 121
Internal Revenue Service (IRS), 242
Castle Bank investigated by, 162-64
Rewald and Bishop, Baldwin investigated
by, 375-76
International Bank for Reconstruction
and Development, 41
International Center for Development
Policy, 401
International Certificates of Deposit
(I.C.D.s), 176, 264, 305, 342, 343-44,
359
International Communications Agency,
350, 387
International Congress on New Enterprise
(ICONE),
participants in, 287-89
sponsors of, 286-87
International Development & Planning
Corporation, 37
International Monetary Fund, 201
International Planning & Development
Corporation, 358-59
Iran:
arms-for-hostages deal with, 11, 312,
378-79
CIA operations in, 96, 105
hostage rescue raid in, 35, 193, 358,
359-60
Navy of, 124
poppy-growing halted in, 45
Secord's activities in, 310, 312
U.S. military deals with, 11-12, 123-25, 267, 312
Iran-Contra scandal, 273-73, 310
CIA and armed forces involvement in,
11-12, 60, 283, 335, 379-80, 381
Congressional hearings on, 311, 379
as national security issue, 348
Secord's involvement in, 310, 311-12,
316, 378-79
secret Swiss bank accounts and, 273,
378-79
Shackley's involvement in, 291-92
Irving Trust Company, 154, 178, 183,
202, 204, 246, 332, 344
Isa, Pehin Dato, 273-74
Israeli-Egyptian war, 129

Jackson, Thomas P., 203
Jacob, Cynthia, 400
Jantzen, Robert ("Red"), 13, 219-20,
221, 226, 391
Japan, 150
Jennings, Clive, 321, 321n, 322-23,
324n, 325-26
Jennings, Richard, 79
Jeweller, John, 85
JM/WAVE program, 103
John F. Kennedy, 33, 73
Johnson, Lyndon, 178-79
Johnstone, Christopher Martin ("Mr.
Asia"), 247-48, 252
Joint Chiefs of Staff, 34, 193
Joint Task Force on Drug Trafficking,
see Commonwealth of Australia/New
South Wales joint Task Force on
Drug Trafficking
Jones, Karen, 234
Jordan, Hamilton, 281
Judd, Ivan, 88-89
Judge, Joseph, 283-84
Justice Department, U.S., 96, 118, 163,
242, 248
contra-drug trafficking connection
and, 23, 380
Wilson investigated by, 100, 103, 11314,
349

Kaiser Cement & Gypsum Company,
218, 221
K & R Cash Transit, 151
Kangaroo Travel Club, 189
Kaplan family, 400
Kay, Bong H., 188-89
Keenan, Andrew, 113n, 400
Kefauver Committee, 44, 49
Kelly, Denis, 231
Kelly, John, 399
Kennedy, John F., 24, 41
Kenny, Russ, 88
Kerr, John, 139-41
background of, 140
CIA ties of, 140-41, 384
Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah, 12, 201,
291 ,
"Khun Sa" (Chiang Chi-Fu), 228,
383
Kindschi, John C. (Jack), 366-69, 376
background of, 369
Bishop, Baldwin's brochures prepared
by, 372-73
Rewald trusted by, 372-73
King, Kermit L. ("Bud"), 82, 88
death of, 89, 383
drugs trafficked by, 88
King, Stephen, 347
King's Cross, Australia, vice scene in,
65-66, 67
King's Cross Hotel, 61-62
Kissinger, Henry, 42, 95-96, 98, 106,
136, 288, 302
Kittikachorn, Sanga, 214-15
Kittikachorn, Thanom, 214
Knight, David, 351
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
(North), 49
Korea, Republic of (South), 49
Korean War, 49
Korniloff, Greg, 351
Kuomintaug (KMT), 276
in Burma, 45-48, 51
CIA as supplier of, 46--47
drug operation of, 47-48, 50-51, 18.1,
227
heroin refineries of, 48, 50
Korean War and, 49
Shan wars with, 227-28
Kurkjian, Stephen, 101n
Kwitny, Jonathan, 23n, 96n, 105n,
163n, 102n
Kwok, Albert, 154-55, 178
Kwok, Alwyn, 154-55
Kwok family, 152, 154

Ladd, Malcolm Craig, 232-33
Lambkin, Eric Francis, 151
Landau, Howard, 357
Landauer, Jerry, 120n
Lansky, Meyer, 164
Laos, 37, 43, 48, 211, 291
Gritz mission into, 371
Hand's activities in, 55, 86
U.S. covert war in, 222
Last Mafioso, The (Fratianno and Demaris),
238n, 239
Law Association for Asia and the Western
Pacific, 140
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration,
128n
Lawrence, Mitchell P., Jr., 367-68
Lawrence, Starling, 399
Law Society, New South Wales, 76
leagues clubs, 177, 329
Leahy, 347
Leasefast Proprietary Ltd., 172
Lebanon, hostage-ransom attempt in,
311-12
Ledeen, Michael, 292
Lee, Alex, 179, 342-43
Lee, Andrew Daulton, 130-31
Lee, Pehin John, 273-74
Lee, Yolanda, 179, 342
Legend (Epstein), 344-45
Lehman Brothers, 289
Levine, Ellen, 399, 400
Lewis, Harry ("Pommy"), 248-49, 253
murder of, 249-53, 254
Libya:
airport financing for, 308-9
assassins of, 103, 114
port construction project of, 262-63
Wilson's arms sales to, 101-103, 291,
308, 112-13
Life, 48-49, 238
Lindsey, Robert, 130, 131
Lippmann, Walter, 12
Lipsky, Seth, 40, 400
Lithgow, Australia, 19
Little Ralph, 241
"loans affair, " Australian, 134-35
Lockheed Corporation, 150
London, England, Nugan Hand's activities
in, 37, 314-18
London Capital Securities Ltd., 314, 316
Lon Nol, l74
Loomis, Patry E., 97, 101, 103,
385
Los Angeles Times, 311
Lovatt, Jill, 295, 329
background of 182-83
Lowe, Andrew, 14, 144, 154, 228n, 230,
234
Lowe, Stephen, 154
Lowry, Robert W., 92
Loy, Kevin Joseph, 112
Loy Arms Corporation, 112
LTV Corporation, 42
Lucas, Clive Wilfred, 83-84, 85
Luce, Clare Booth, 48-49
Luce, Henry, 48-49
Luciano, Lucky, 44
Ludwig, D. K., 81-82, 83n, 86-87
Peter Luger, 65

Maas, Peter, 99n, 310
MacArthur, Douglas, 49
McArthur, John, 14, 27, 184
arms deals negotiated br., 182
Bangkok activities described by, 219n,
221
on Beazley's position with Nugan
Hand, 356n
Chiang Mai described by, 207, 210
depositor reimbursement and, 331-32
depositors solicited by, 174-75, 184
Marcos gold shipment and, 182
McCarthy, Eugene, 179
McClellan, John, 100
McCoy, Alfred:
background of 43
Golden Triangle investigation of, 43-44, 45, 47,
50
Nugan Hand probe of, 43
McCrea, William:
background of, 286
ICONE conference organized by,
286-87
McDonald, Bruce, 179
McDonald, Walter, 91, 187, 197, 364,
392
CIA employment of, 13, 289, 304, 305
management conference attended by,
298, 299n, 304
as Nugan Hand employee, 289-90,
298
Pauker's relationship with, 289-90,
301
McDonnell, William Leslie, 29-31
McFarlane, Robert ("Bud"), 312, 378
McGovern, George, 179
Mackay, Donald, 77-79
McKenna, Mary Lou, 375
McKenzie, Donald William, 2J 1-32
McKinnon, Ron, 151, 178
McNamara, Robert, 305
Mafia, 122, 231, 238, 291
Abeles's dealings with, 239-42
CIA ties with, 24
as international drug trafficker, 44-45,
50, 77-78
Nugan Fruit Group associated with,
77-79, 257-58
politicians assassinated by, 77-79
Riley's ties to, 237, 239
Mahoney, Barry Edmund, 20
Malaysia, 274-75
Chinese residents of, 184
Nugan Hand operation in, 184, 299300
Manhunt (Maas), 99n, 310
Manila, Philippines:
ICONE conference in, 286, 288-89
Nugan Hand investigated in, 351-52
Nugan Hand's office in, 34-37, 185-
92, 300, 305, 329, 339, 343, 357-58,
388
Manor, LeRoy J., 91, 391
background of, 13, 34-35, 304
commercial deals promoted by, 357
depositors solicited by, 192-93, 331,
357-58, 359
funds taken from Nugan Hand
depositors by, 72
on joining Nugan Hand, 190-91, 357
management conference attended by,
300, 357
Marcos's relationship with, 34, 37,
190
military career of, 34, 191-92
Nugan death story allegedly suppressed
by, 34, 32
as Nugan Hand representative, 34,
35-37, 72, 74, 173, 186, 329, 339,
356-58
scholarship fund started by, 193
U.S. bases on Philippines commanded
by, 34, 189, 192
U.S. -Philippine bases negotiated by,
34, 36, 190-91, 192
Vietnamese POW camp raid led by,
34, 192, 278
WerBell's relationship with, 277, 278
Man With the Golden Ann, The, 49-50
Mao Tse-tung, 50, 108
Marchetti, Victor, 135, 140-41
on CIA's operational style, 119-22
Marcos, Ferdinand, 329, 358
gold transfers negotiated by, 182,
186-87
Gregory's praise for, 186
Manor's relationship with, 34, 37, 190
Nugan Hand's special arrangement
with, 190
Marcos, Imelda, 37, 182, 287
Marcos family, 287, 300
Nugan Hand deposits of, 27, 37, 186,
187, 329
Marks, John, 120, 122n, 140-41
Marquette University, 368
Marseille, France, drug trafficked
through, 45, 48
Marshall, Jonathan, 158, 290n, 399
Mason, John H., 368-69
Matheson, Gerard W, ]., 334-35
Maturo, Jimmy, 193, 357-58, 360
Mbundi tribe, 108-9
Medevac Shipping Proprietary Ltd" 184
Meekatharra Minerals, 80n, 84-85, 87
Mercantile Bank and Trust Company,
162-63, 164
Millar, Fred, 82, 241
Millican, Bill, 264
Milwaukee Institute of Technology,
366
missing-in-action, prisoner-of-war
(MIA-POW) program, 212
Miss Teenage America, 370
Mobutu Sese Seko, 107-8, 116
Moffitt, Don, 400
Moffitt Royal Commission, 235
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, 45, 125
Nugan Hand's transfer of funds for,
182, 284-85
U.S. restoration and maintenance of,
378
Moinzadeh, 285
Moloney, Michael, 12, 15, 61
authority of, 32 5-26
bankruptcy activities of, 333
depositors reimbursed by, 327
on Gehring, 333-34
on Hand, 204-5
Hand's escape from Australia and,
336-37
investigators thwarted by, 340-41
legal problems of, 38-39
Nugan Hand's accounts raided by,
332
on Nugan Hand's coding system, 174
Nugan Hand's files removed and sanitized
by, 38-39, 325-26, 340-41
staff members threatened by, 326,
327-28
Montagnard tribesmen, 37, 55, 72, 282
drugs trafficked by, 50-52
Moore, Robert, 115-16, 117, 118
Moore, Thomas H., 99
Morales, George, 380
Morgan, William F., 153-54
Morselino, Arthur, 184n
Mosselson, Dennis, 316
Moyle, Robert, 319-20
Mozambique, 113
MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation
of Angola), 108-9
"Mr. Asia" heroin syndicate, 244-56,
294, 328
Australian press on, 251
Choo's position in, 245-48
Clark's position in, 247-50
informers used by, 248-49, 253-56
Stewart Royal Commission on,
254-55
Mugabe, Robert, 106-7
Mulcahy, Kevin, 15
on anti-Whitlam coup. 141
death of, 11411
Wilson exposed by, 101-102, 103,
114, 291
Murdoch, Rupert, 61, 82, 134, 240
Murdoch Lewis Proprietary Ltd., 113
Murphy, Lionel, 131, 132-33
Murphy, Michael:
background of, 268
Saudi venture and, 268-71
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 29959
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money

Postby admin » Sat Dec 16, 2017 5:01 am

Part 2 of 2

Nambah, Madame, 284
Nam Pong Air Base, 221
Narcotics Bureau, Australian, 196
Nashville Tennessean, 261
Nathan, James A., 400
National Aeronautics and Space Administration,
286
National Assembly, Thai, 214
National Military Command Center,
195
National Reporter, 399
National Security Agency, 22, 24, 370
National Security Council, 41, 194, 273,
310, 312, 360-61
National Times, 53n, 66, 128, 129n,
132n, 133, 139, 340, 345
National Union for the Total Independence
of Angola (UNITA), 108-9,
100n
National War College, 194
Naval Intelligence, Office of (ONI), 98,
100, 118, 280n
Naval Reserve, U.S., 221
Naval Task Force, 97, 120, 157
communications system of, 98
company fronts used by, 98-99, 114,
120
in Iranian military deal, 123, 267
purpose of, 98
shutdown of, 100-101
Wilson as operative of, 97, 99-100,
115, 117, 118-19, 120, 123, 262,
280n, 291, 315, 386
Navy, U.S., 222, 281
Ndebele tribe, 106
Needbam, John Charles, 89-90, 92, 388
Nejad, Moosavi, 201-3
Nellis, Joseph, 43-44, 51
F. A. Neubauer Bank, 261, 270, 305
Newman, Murray Don, 233
New South Wales, University of, 43
New York City, Department of Health
of, 53n-54n
New York Post, 240
New York State Ranger School, 54
New York Stock Exchange, 294, 317
New York Times, 48, 101n, 131, 192
Ngo Dinh Diem, 50
NHN Nominees Proprietary Ltd., 172
Nhu, Ngo Dinh, 50
Nicaragua:
Contras' efforts in, 11-12, 60, 278
Reagan's obsession with, 25, 60
Nicholson, Geoffrey, 70, 340-41, 362,
386-87
Nicholson, J. K., 152
Nixon, Richard, 59, 98, 179
Nkomo, Joshua, 106-7
NKVD, I3J
Nor Abdullah, Mohammed, 184
North, Oliver, 60, 273, 292, 315,
378-79
Secord's relationship with, 311
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO), 107
Norton Air Force Base, heroin shipped
to, 52
S. L. Notwist Proprietary Ltd., 172
Nugan, Alf, 76-77
Nugan, Charlotte Lee Sofge, 29-30, 38,
75, 261, 324, 342
Nugan, Francis John, 20, 142, 161, 333,
382, 392-93
African arms deals and, 111-12, 117n
alleged suicide of, 19-21, 26, 28, 69,
192, 309, 324--25, 337, 377
associates of, 12, 71-72
background of, 13, 76-77, 79-80
banking references secured by,
153-54
Brincat's relationship with, 160-61
checks kited by, 94
Colby's ties with, 21-22, 71-72,
324--25
corporate fraud charges against,
258-60
criminal drug investigations of, 180,
198, 220, 236, 257
drug traffickers known to, 238, 249,
328
drunkenness of, 197-98, 260
dubious credentials of, 79, 84, 147
education of, 79, 147
exhumation of, 337
funds allegedly embezzled by, 27
Hand's relationship with, 77, 80, 84
home of, 29, 260, 261, 324, 342
as ICONE participant, 287, 289
ideological motivations of, 178-79
inquest into death of, 19-21, 26-33,
39-41, 69, 80, 90-91, 93
investigators thwarted by, 344
letter to Yates by, 393-94
list found on body of, 21, 233, 237-38
McDonald's relationship with, 289,
304
Malaysian rubber deal of, 184
management conference attended by,
297, 300, 305
marriage of, 30, 75, 260-61, 324
mental state of, 324-25
mercurial nature of, 30
mining company formed by, 80n, 85,
87-88, 91
money borrowed by, 84, 85, 86, 93
money laundering operation run by,
166, 173, 197
in "Mr. Asia" money laundering
scheme, 245-46, 254
names in Bible of, 21-22
Nugan Hand's accounts raided by,
259-61
Nugan Hand's books and, 320-21,
322-23, 364
Ogden's finances managed by, 74--76,
147-48
415
Pauker's relationship with, 289
Philippine exchange control laws vi
olated by, 190
Philippine media on, 35
police investigation into death of, 19-
22, 28, 29-31
in real estate business, 86-88, 289-90
religious beliefs of, 260
Saffron's acquaintance with, 67
sanitization of death of, 34, 35, 38
Saudi venture and, 262, 263-64, 268
secretly recorded telephone conversations
of, 353, 387
Stewart Commission report on, 364
stock fraud charges against, 30, 31
as tax lawyer, 75-76, 84-85, 155, 166,
178, 262, 298
wealth accumulated by, 90-91, 166,
174, 260
Wilcox's description of, 196
Yates's project run by, 275
Yates's relationship with, 157-59, 263,
393
Nugan, Ken, 15, 30-32, 91
at brother's inquest, 31
documents removed from Nugan
Hand by, 31-32, 38, 325
drug dealing: charges against, 180, 197
Mafia associates of, 78-79, 257-58
Nugan Fruit Group run by, 77-79,
257-58
stock fraud charges against, 28, 30,
258-59
Nugan Fruit Group, 77, 90, 342
drug dealing charges against, 180,
196-97, 197, 227, 257-58
lawsuits against, 259-60, 322
Mafia connections of, 78-79, 257-58
Nugan Hand, Inc. Panama, 142, 145,
155, 159-62, 172, 174, 281, 320, 322
Nugan Hand Bank:
Administrative Services agreements
of, 168
affiliated companies of, 71-72, 86-87,
148, 154-55, 166-71, 172, 179-80,
198, 234, 243, 245-46, 259-60, 268,
320, 341-42, 343, 344
arms deal negotiated by, 110-13, 11519,
182, 220-21, 283-84, 313-14,
385
auditing of, 160-62, 170, 319-23, 325,
341-42
Australian customs service and, 87-88
balance sheets of, 319-20, 341
Bangkok office of, 150, 175, 177,
206-7, 215, 217-19, 221-22, 226,
233
banking references obtained by. 15154,
155-56, 170, 177-78, 198, 260
blood money handled by, 252
certificates of deposit sold by, 145,
150, 155, 165, 169-71, 172, 176, 189,
202-3, 264, 342-344, 359
Chiang Mai branch of, 47, 61, 149,
196, 207-16, 227-28, 233, 350, 387,
388
Chilean office of, 226
commissions paid to customers by,
175-76
commodities as specialty of, 144-45,
155, 182
debts of, 326-27
depositors of, 27, 72-76, 144-45, 14748,
150, 152-55, 165-66, 169-73,
175-79, 185, 188-90, 192-93,
201-3, 210, 213-16, 226, 229, 264,
265-68, 269-71, 321, 357-58, 384,
392-93
depositors reimbursed by, 327-28,
329-32,
drug-related activities of, 30, 43, 47,
88, 150, 154, 197, 207-8, 210, 213,
216, 227-28, 230-37, 239, 240n,
243-48, 252-56, 348, 350-51, 384,
387
employees of, 92-93, 143-45, 149-51,
154, 157-58, 287, 289-90, 293, 298-99,
300-301
fading reputation of, 260
failure of, 26-28, 29, 39-40, 42, 63, 87,
192-93, 202-3, 268-70, 289, 327,
329-30, 379, 391-92, 394
founding of, 26, 55, 60, 90-91
German operation of, 261, 270,
305
gold transfers negotiated by, 182,
186-87
government graft money handled by,
222-24
illegal branch banks of, 299-300
illegal fund transfers of, 28, 66-67, 88,
145, 146-50, 168, 172-73, 177, 190,
196-97, 207, 230, 238-39, 243-47,
341, 363, 384
Indochinese refugee resettlement plan
of, 37, 41, 201, 276, 279-83, 389
intelligence collecting role of, 96-97,
104-5, 109, 280n
internal IOUs of, 169-70, 327
international trade deals facilitated by,
145, 165, 167-68, 210, 218, 220-21
Iranian fund venture of, 284-85
lawsuits against, 331-32
legal counsel used by, 13, 71-73, 7374,
289, 290-91, 347-48
loans made by, 92, 179, 222-24, 326,
342-43
London activities of, 37, 314-18
main offices of, 37
Malaysian operation of, 185, 299-300
Manila office of, 34-37, 185-93, 300,
305, 329, 339, 343, 357-58, 388
military and intelligence men affiliated
with, 42, 44, 46, 73-74, 76,
172, 196, 204, 219-20, 267-68, 27071,
286-95, 353-54, 385
money laundered by, 151, 166-69,
173-74, 196-97, 245-48, 252, 260,
284-85
money-market operation of, 165, 174-
75, 178, 298, 307
mutual fund company of, 145, 155
official references obtained by, 155-56
overseas expansion of, 92-93
ownership of, 26, 29
Panama operation of, 142, 145, 155,
159-61, 172, 173, 281
phony franchise schemes of, 168-69
phony sharecropper arrangements of,
166
precursors of, 46, 365-81
receivers appointed for, 332-33
sanitization and removal of documents
of, 31-32, 38, 223-24, 325-26, 333-34,
340-41, 364
Saudi operations of, 261-62, 305-6,
312, 325, 384
secret operations of, 172-74
services offered by, 145, 156,
Singapore operation of, 173-74, 183-
85, 197, 204, 224, 226, 233, 245-46,
267-69, 271, 299, 344
Somoza deal of, 314-18
sources of seed capital for, 81-90,
93-94
Taipeh operation of, 185, 299-300
tape recorded conference of, 296-307
tax avoidance schemes of, 145, 147-48,
163, 165-69, 171, 307, 342
Washington, D.C. office of, 37-38, 41,
42, 73, 157-59, 171, 196, 200, 289,
388
worthless IOUs held by, 89-90, 320
Yates on, 391-97
Nugan Hand Bank and Trust Co., 156
Nugan Hand Cayman Islands Bank, 37,
155, 161, 173, 265, 300, 320, 341-42,
360-61
Nugan Hand Group of Companies,
299n, 355
Nugan Hand Hawaii, 41, 73, 157, 159,
197, 198-203, 204, 255-56, 345,
360-61
Nugan Hand Hong Kong Ltd., 26, 37,
40, 66-67, 93, 111, 147-48, 150, 15457, 158-
59, 161, 167-72, 173, 174-75,
181-83, 196, 201-2, 235-36, 246-47,
266, 268-69, 320, 329, 331-33, 360,
363-64, 388
Nugan Hand International, Inc., 200-
201
Nugan Hand International Holdings
Proprietary Ltd., 166, 172
Nugan Hand Needham Ltd.,
early brochure of, 89
original stockholders in, 90-91
Nugan Hand Proprietary Ltd., 172
Nugan Hand Trade Asia, 182
Nugan Hand Trade Finance Ltd., 167
Nuhan Ltd., 26, 30
Oakland Tribune, 158n, 399
O'Brien, john, 144, 154, 174, 260, 340
attempted collection of loans by. 90,
342-43
background of, 16, 69-70
correspondence from swindled
depositors to, 72-73, 74-75, 183-84,
188-89, 201, 204
funds raised by, 342
jurisdiction of, 343-44
on lack of U.S. cooperation, 346-48,
387
money laundering scheme uncovered
by, 166-67
Nugan Hand-Colby connection uncovered
by, 71-72, 73-74
on Nugan Hand's ties to intelligence
community, 178
on Nugan Hand-U.S. government
connection, 72-74
obstacles to investigation of, 342-44,
346-48, 352-53
physical appearance of, 71
on Yorkville Nominees, 148


O'Callaghan, Donald, 84-85, 87
Ocean Shores, 82-83, 84, 87
O'Donnell, Laurence, 400
Ogden, Barbara, 15, 74
Ogden, john K., 15, 346
claims against Nugan Hand by, 74-76
Hand's relationship with, 75-76, 330
Nugan's management of finances of,
74-76, 147-48
Nugan's relationship with, 75-76
O'Neill, John J., 51,
Orange Spot, 245, 245n
Order of the British Empire, 178
Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC), 265
055, see Strategic Services, Office of
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
(OPlC), 305
Overseas Trust Bank (OTB), 169-71,
175
Ovimbundu tribe, 108-9
Owen, john, 14, 150, 313
Chiang Mai activities of, 209-10, 213,
216, 227-28
correspondence file of, 210, 217, 221
depositors solicited by, 175-77, 20910, 213, 217-
18, 221-24
Evans's scam described by, 210-11
Gilder's correspondence with, 21718,
221, 222-28
Thai government officials and, 222-24
trade deals brokered by, 218, 220-22,
226
on Vietnamese capture of Cambodia,
224-25, 387
Yates's project and, 275

PACAF/JAG (Pacific Air Force, judge
Advocate General) Conference, 359
Pacific Basin free-trade zone, 301
Pacific Forum, 195
Panama:
flow of Nugan Hand's funds to, 159
Nugan Hand's office in, 142, 145, 155,
159, 172, 281
Pan American World Airway, 370
Parkes Development, 58
Parks, Allan, 59, 60, 382-83
Parliament, Australian, 65-66, 70, 12829,
135, 138, 195-96, 220, 289
on Nugan Group scandal, 258
Parliament, New South Wales, 77, 78
Pattaya City, Thailand, 222
Pauker, Guy, 91, 391
background of, 14, 287-88, 300, 304
as ICONE participant, 287, 288-89
on Indonesia, 301-3
McDonald's relationship with, 289-
90, 301
management conference attended by,
300-3
on Nugan's mental state, 324
Yates's relationship with, 287-89, 301,
304
Pearlstine, Norman, 400
Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Company,
332, 343
Pegler, Ellis & Company, 352
Pentagon Papers, The, 47, 185
Penthouse, 116
Perot, H. Ross, 311
Petroleum and Minerals, University of,
270
Petty Sessions Court, Sydney, 253
Peyton, John, 377
Phao, General, 47-48
Philippines, 286-87
U.S. military bases in, 34, 36, 77, 189-92,
194
Phillips, Eugene, 40
Philpotts, Douglas, 92, 389
bookkeeping methods of, 360
on Nugan Hand Hawaii's board, 159,
199
Phoenix, Operation, 21-22
Pietro, Edward F., 361
Pike, Otis, 138
Pine Gap, Australia, 126-27, 130-31,
135
Pinkerton, Stewart, 400
Pinwill, William, 133
Piper, 257
Pittard, Dennis, 31-32, 177
Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia, The
(McCoy), 43-44
Pollard & Brincat, 160, 320, 326
"borrowers" represented by, 344
Pol Pot, 181, 224-25
Popular Movement for the Liberation of
Angola (MPLA), 108-9
Port-au-Prince, Haiti, plan for resettlement
of Indochinese refugees in,
279-80
Portugal, Angola and, 107, 113
Posada, Luis, 379
Pratt, John H., 104n
Pratt & Whitney, 286
presidents, presidency:
CIA activities not known to, 24-25
CIA as intelligence arm of, 9
Presley, Elvis, 368
press:
on failure of Nugan Hand, 26, 35-36,
40, 71
on Hand's disappearance, 337
investigation of Nugan Hand by,
349-50
on "Mr. Asia, " syndicate, 251
Nugan Hand's reputation enhanced
by, 178, 187-88
on Nugan's death, 19-21, 26, 35, 337
on Saffron, 66
on Vietnam War, 63
during Whitlam's fall from power,
133, 134-38
Prince of Power, The (Hersh), 22n, 98n
Price Waterhouse & Company, 373
Nugan Hand audited by, 159, 161-62,
164, 319-23, 325
Prim, William (Billy), 157, 267, 312, 316
Pritchard, Chris, 35 5n
Project 404, 59
Project Freedom, 212
propaganda:
of Chiang, 48-49
CIA as subject of, 9
Prouty, Fletcher, 288
Pulger-Frame, Ron, 14, 223
CIA money shipments and, 208
Nugan Hand currency transported
by, 149-51, 196

Qaddafi, Muammar el-, 363
as client of Wilson, 101-3, 291, 315
Green Berets hired by, 103
Reagan's condemnation of, 104
Quasha, William, 36, 37, 358
Queen of Diamonds Proprietary Ltd.,
172
Queensland, Australia, Wilsons interrogated
in, 25D-51
Quintero, Rafael ("Chi-Chi"), 12,
315-16
background of, 15, 315
Iran-Contra involvement of, 317, 379
Wilson's relationship with, 315-16

Rahill, Tom, 265-66
Ramon Magsaysay Centre, 187
Rand Corporation, 288, 300
Rardin, Jack W., 369-70
investigations of Rewald and, 375-77
Reagan, Ronald, 24, 55, 99, 101, 316
Iran-Contra scandal and, 11, 60, 273,
291-92, 312, 377-78
overthrow of foreign governments attempted
by, 25, 109n
Qaddafi condemned by, 104
on terrorism, 378
Real John Kerr: His Brilliant Career, The
(Hall), 141n
Regan, Ronald J., 152
Reid & Priest, 71, 290-91
reinvoicing, 217-18
Renaghan, Victor J., Jr., 351-52
Reserve Bank, Australian, 74, 75, 392
Nugan Hand's violation of regulations
of, 29
outflow of capital restrained by, 146,
168, 171, 238-39
Retired Officers Association, 193, 360
Rewald, Ronald R,
attempted suicide of, 376-77
background of, 365
CIA s connections with, 365-72,
373-77
extravagance of, 369
foreign nationals recruited by, 367-68
investors solicited by, 370, 371-75
IRS investigation of, 375-76
prosecution of, 377
reputation of, 374
secret security clearance of, 367, 368
Rhodesia, 105-7, 385
Nugan Hand's proposed sales of arms
to, 110-13, 119
Richardson, Charles, 367-69, 373
Richmond Air Base, 62, 384
Riley, Murray Stewart, 15, 232, 233
Collings's dealings with, 235-36
drugs trafficked to U.S. by, 229-30
expatriate American friends of,
237-40
marijuana farming venture of, 240-41
Robb, Duncan William, 244-50, 253
Roberto, Holden, 108, 116, 117
Robertson, Tony, 171, 172
Rocka, Elizabeth Marcos, 37, 186, 329
Rocka, Ludwig Peter, 37, 186, 329, 358
Rockefeller, Nelson, 179
Rodgers, Joe S., 204
Roland, 117
Rooklyn, Jack, 231
Rosotti, Barbara, 102n-103n
Rothwell, Nicholas, 337
Rydge's, 178

Sack, Robert, 399, 400
Saffron, Abe, 15, 229, 231, 238
Houghton's association with, 66-68,
79
Nugan Hand's ties to, 66-68
reputation of, 65-66
Sanchez, Rona, 231
Sapper, Douglas, 86
as aide to Nugan Hand in Hong
Kong, 181-82
Saigon, Vietnam, 86
Golden Triangle heroin exported
through, 50
Sansiribhan, Suthin, 211
Saudi Arabia, Nugan Hand's fraud
scheme in, 261-71, 305-7, 312, 325,
384
Scaduto, Anthony, 399, 400
Scblachter, Douglas ("J"), 15, 313, 362
on Houghton-Yates-Wilson meeting,
262-3
on Nugan Hand's African arms deals,
115-19
on Nugan Hand's military deal with
Iran, 121-24
Wilson's relationship with, 114,
262~3
Yates's and Terpil's meeting with,
308-9
Schlesinger, James R., 289, 304
Schuller, Karl, 144-45, 284
Scott, Peter Dale, 401
Scrimgeour, Neil, 179-80, 198, 389
Seal, Barry, 379-80
Sea Supply Corporation, 46-48, 120,
162, 294-95
Second National Bank of Homestead,
290, 294
Secord, Richard V., 12, 55, 273, 292
background of, 15, 310
Egyptian arms deal involvement of,
310, 311, 312, 334
Houghton's relationship with, 310,
312, 316
Iran-Contra involvement of, 310-12,
315, 378-79
Shah assisted by, 378
Wilson's relationship with, 310, 378
Securities and Exchange Commission
(SEC), 16, 70, 258
Security Intelligence Organization,
Australian (ASIO), 299
CIA and, 127-29, 132-34, 136-38,
291, 347
government investigations of, 131-32
Houghton's ties with, 63-64, 68, 384,
386
Nugan Hand investigations and, 347,
352-53
Senate, U.S.:
Assassinations Committee of, 24
Contra supply operations investigated
by, 381
Intelligence Committee of, 381
see also Congress, U.S.: House of Representatives,
U.S.
Sequential Multiple Analyser with Computer
(SMAC), 167~8
Sergi, Antonio, 257
Sergi family, 78-79
Shackley, Theodore G., 12, 15, 95-97,
121
attempted interviews of, 102n-103n
Australian politics and, 131-32, 136
Egyptian arms deal involvement of,
310-311, 312, 335
Hand's relationship with, 291-93,
385
Iran-Contra involvement of, 292
Joint Task Force on, 102n, 293
Whitlam's activities protested by,
136-39
Wilson's relationship with, 97, 101-3,
291, 293 309-11
Shakespeare, William, 334
Shalhoub, 327
Shamoun, George, 234
Shan Associations, 227
Shand, Alexander, 28
Shannon, K. Rex, 270
Shan States, Burma, 48, 51, 181
Khun Sa's army in, 228, 385
Shaw, George, 14, 37, 38, 72, 88, 147,
148, 183, 364, 388
depositor reimbursement and, 327-28
depositors solicited by, 190, 331
drug dealers linked to, 230-31, 23435,
243
Hand described by, 204
in "Mr. Asia" money laundering
scheme, 244-48, 251-52, 254
Nugan Hand's arms deals and, 112
Nugan Hand's files sanitized by,
39-40
on Nugan Hand's operations, 144-45,
169
threats made to, 326, 327-29
Shell Refining Company, 184
Shepherd, Jim, 251, 253, 254
Shirlaw, Kevin, 360-61
Shona tribe, 106
Shrimpton, Wayne, testimony on "Mr.
Asia" syndicate by, 249-52, 255
Shultz, George, 266
Simmons, Robert, 381
Arthur D. "Bull" Simons Scholarship
Fund, 193n
Sinatra, Frank, 49-50, 238, 241
Singapore:
"Mr. Asia" syndicate operations in,
245-48
Nugan Hand's operation in, 173-74,
183-85, 196-97, 204, 224, 226, 233,
245-46, 267-68, 271, 299, 344, 396
Singlaub, John K, 60
Singleton, Sara, 400
Sky of Siam, 222
Small, Clive, 362
Smith, Donald G" 359
Smith, H. Kirby, 192, 357
appeal for reimbursement by, 359-60
Smith, Ian, 105-7
Smith, Paul Lincoln, 85, 91
R O. Smith & Company, 333, 360
Smithers, Bruce Alan, 233
Snepp, Frank, 131
Soldier of Fortune, 212
Somoza, Anastasio, 314, 318
Son Tay prison camp raid, 34, 192, 278
South Africa, Republic of:
in Angolan war for independence, 25,
105-9
Communism in, 105-6
Nugan Hand's proposed sales of arms
to, 110-11
U.S. alliance with, 109, 110
South China Morning Post, 158
Southeast Asia:
Black's military activities in, 159,
194-95
covert activities in, 21-22, 46-48, 51,
71-72, 96, 214, 222
Hand's visits to, 55, 86, 92, 183
Haughton's employment and businesses
in, 38-39, 56-59, 86, 382-83
opium production in, see Golden Triangle
Owen's reports on troop movements
in, 210, 224-26, 387
Southern Methodist University, 57
Souvanna Phouma, 222
Souvanna Phouma, Panya, 222, 283,
313, 388
Soviet Union, 126, 131, 225, 304
Afghanistan invaded by, 374
Angolan war for independence and,
107, 108
Navy of, 98-99, 306
U.S. covert activities against, 11
U.S. spy networks of, 130
Spanish Civil War, 77
Speer, Robert, 267
Spencer, James Oswald ("Charlie"), 336,
338-39, 386
Spencer, Richard John, 253-55,
321
Spry, Sir C. Charles, 128, 132
Stalin, Joseph, 109n
Stallings, Richard, 135-36, 137-38, 139,
141
State Department, U.S., 49, 134n, 137,
286, 292, 301, 304, 363, 369
Contra funding and, 273, 378
control of French docks and, 45
Hand's resume submitted to, 54-55
International Communications
Agency of, 350
Manor's work for, 35
Nugan Hand investigations and, 346,
350, 351
reports on Nugan Hand by, 155-57
Steer, Graham, 224
background of, 14, 183-84
Brunei project and, 274
management conference attended by,
299-300
Stein, Danny, 238
Stewart, Donald G., 70, 254-55, 362
Stewart Royal Commission, 94, 143n,
198, 208, 223-24
arms dealing investigated by, 113-17,
125, 313-14
background of 16, 70-71
on Beazley's position with Nugan
Hand, 355-56
on CIA-Nugan Hand connections,
362-63, 368-69, 371-72, 374
drug dealing investigated by, 216, 220,
240n, 243-44
on events following Nugan's death,
325n, 326-27
failure of report of, 80n, 362
illegal money transfers investigated
by, 149
on loans made by Nugan Hand, 90
McDonald's testimony for, 290
money laundering investigated by,
144-45
on "Mr. Asia" affair, 255
neophyte staff of, 362
on Nugan Hand as corporate entity,
363-64
Nugan Hand refugee affair investigated
by, 283-84
Nugan Hand's audits investigated by,
161, 321
Nugan's suicide investigated by, 324
Pauker and, 287-88, 290, 303
Saudi venture investigated by, 262-63,
268, 271
on Taipeh branch, 185
on Yates, 157-59, 201, 297, 309, 360
Stocker, Paul, 82-83, 87
Stockwell, John, 117, 345
Stonehouse, John, 314, 316
Strasser, Sir Paul, 15, 61-62, 64, 157,
219, 240, 300, 382
Strategic Services, Office of (OSS), 41,
44-45, 46, 140, 159, 194, 277
Subic Bay Naval base, 77, 190
Sudan, 103
Suharto, T. N. J., 288
Sukarno, Achmed, 288
Sumatra, 301
Sun Alliance Life Assurance Ltd.,
28
Sunday Telegraph, 337
Sun-Herald, 352
Supreme Court, New South Wales, 140
Suripol, Otto, 211, 227
Swan, Patricia, 12, 14, 83, 90, 341
removal of documents from Nugan
Hand by, 31-32, 38, 39, 83, 325
Sweetman, James, 233
Swiss Pacific Asia Ltd., 155-57
Switzerland, 155-56
secret bank accounts in, 273, 378
Sydney, Australia, 8, 37, 38, 395-96
Houghton's establishments for U.S.
GIs in, 58, 61, 62-63, 66, 68, 383
Narcotics Bureau of, 249-55
Nugan Hand conference in, 185n,
296-307
Nugan Hand's operations in, 28-32,
37-40, 66-68, 72, 74-76, 146-53,
154-56, 167-68, 171-74, 175, 177,
197, 223, 228n, 233, 239, 244, 265,
268, 289, 343
Sydney Morning Herald, 113n, 400
Sydney Opera House, 289
Syracuse University, 54, 362

Tad's, 65
Taipeh, Taiwan, 48
Nugan Hand operation in, 185, 299-300
Takara 2 Massage Parlor and Hairdressing
Salon, 221
Tan Choon Seng, 14, 174, 183, 246
bookkeeping methods of, 341-42
management conference attended by,
299
Target Financial Service, 26, 332, 337
Taxation Office, Australian, 76
Tax Department, Australian, 352, 392
Taylor, Frederick, 400
Teamsters Union, 241
Central States Pension Fund of, 231
Terpil, Frank, 15, 103
Stewart Commission on, 363
Yates's and Schlachter's meeting with,
308-9
terrorists, terrorism:
CIA ties with, 24, 95-96
Reagan on, 378
Texas Tavern, 63, 65, 318
Thailand, 41, 43, 159, 162, 194, 206, 214,
350
border wars of, 221-22
CIA-KMT supply and, 47
KMT drug trafficking in, 47-48,
181-82
political graft in, 222-24
Vietnam-Cambodia war and, 224-25
Thai Military Bank, 214-15, 215-16
Thaler family, 400
Tham, Rudy, 241-42
Thierbach, Ruth, 204
Thomas, Lloyd, 182n, 221
Thomas Nationwide Transport (TNT),
240-41
Thompson, Jim, 194
Thomson, Elizabeth, 202, 332, 389
Tieri, Frank ("Funzi"), 241
Time, 48-49
Time Inc., 48
Torrijos, Omar, 281
Touhey, Brian, 399
Treasury Department, Australian, 146,
200
Treasury Department, U.S., 41, 335,
348, 379, 393
Tribune, 129n
Trimbole, Robert, 78, 257-58
Trimbole family, 78-79
Trudeau, Stevie, 400
Trujillo Molina, Hector Bienvenido, 277
Truman, Harry, 49
on CIA, 9, 95
TRW Corporation, 130, 217, 384
Turkey, poppy-growing in, 45
Turks and Caicos Islands:
plan to transfer Indochinese refugees
to, 280-82
as transit point for drug shipments,
282


U.S. Naval base on, 281
Udorn Air Force Base, 211
Union Bank, 259
UNITA (National Union for the Total
Independence of Angola), 108-9
109.
United Nations, High Command for
Refugees of, 37, 276, 280-81, 314
United States:
Australian intelligence bases of, 126-
27, 130-32, 135, 138
Brunei's relationship with, 273
Golden Triangle drug traffic pro
tected by, 51-52
heroin addiction in, 49-50, 51
heroin shipped to, 52
Indochinese refugee resettlement project
and, 282-83
investigations of Nugan Hand
thwarted by, 344-52, 386-87
Nugan Hand given references by,
155-56
Nugan Hand's governmental connections
in, 285, 344-52, 375-76
Nugan Hand's operations in, 36, 40,
72-73, 156-59, 196-205, 289, 345,
360, 388
Philippine military bases of, 34, 36, 77,
189-91, 192, 194
Riley's drug shipments to, 229-30
Shah restored and maintained by,
377-78
South African alliance with, 109, 111
University Industries, Inc., 266
UTA Industries, 221

Van Asperen, Nella, 374-75
Van Arta, Dale, 139
Vasey, Lloyd R. ("Joe"):
background of, 195, 197
Black's relationship with, 195, 197-99
Nugan Hand's solicitations of, 198-99
on overthrow of Whitlam government,
195-96
Wilcox's relationship with, 196-97
Yates's relationship with, 196, 199
Vatchapapreecha, Klutn Lertsak,
215
Venezuela, Posada's imprisonment in,
379
Vietcong, 54
Vietnam, Democratic Republic of
(North), 224-25
Communist Party of, 22
Manor's raid on prison camp in, 34,
192, 278
Naval Task Force 157 active in, 99
Vietnam, Republic of (South), 38, 50-51
assassination of civilians in, 21-22
money carried out of, 184
U.S. withdrawal from, 195
Vietnam, Socialist Republic of, Cambodia
captured by, 224-25, 387
Vietnamization, 195
Vietnam War, 47, 54, 99, 134, 290
Black active in, 41, 159, 194-95,
360-61
China's involvement in, 225
Colby's intelligence operations during,
21-22, 71-72, 96
GIs on Rand R during, 58, 61, 62-63,
157
heroin trade and, 50-52
Nugan Hand and, 91-92
Virden, Richard, 350-51, 387
Virginia Beach, Va., 37, 157
Virginia Polytechnical Institute, 293
Vos, Jacqueline, 375

"W, " 233
Waihee, John, 371
Wainwright, Harry, 15, 236-37, 238-39,
335
marijuana farming venture of, 239-40
Walker, John, 129-30, 137, 141, 318,
383, 384-85
Nugan's attempted blackmailing of,
258-59
Wall, Tom, 330
Wall Street Journal, 34-35, 40, 41, 46,
103n, 116, 120n, 162-64, 199n, 289-90, 293n,
313, 349-50, 355, 356, 358-
59, 361, 381, 399, 400
Wall Street Journal/Europe, 400
Walters, Vernon, 292
Ward, Frank, 66, 113, 144
Warner, Marvin, 293-94, 356
Washington, D.C., Nugan Hand office
in, 37-38, 39, 41, 73, 157-58, 172, 196,
200-204, 289, 388
Washington Post, 263, 280-81
Watergate scandal, 59
Waters, Arnold, 165-66
Webster, Ken, 102n-103n
Weinberger, Caspar, 266, 316
Weisenburger, William, 97, 101
Welch, Eugene J., 366-67
background of 369
Wender, Esther, 400
Wendell West, 83, 86
WerBell, Mitchell, III, 288
background of, 278
Indochinese refugee affair and, 276-
77, 278, 282
Westchester Premier Theater, 241-42
Western Australia, 179-80
West Point, 194
Wheeler, James, 262n
Whitelock, Stanley, 189-90
Whitlam, Gough, 16, 93
CIA on popularity of, 139
dissatisfaction of intelligence community with,
131-38, 141, 195-96, 291,
354
fall from power of, 127, 129, 133, 141
removal from office of, 141, 291, 384
scandals during administration of,
134-35, 137, 259n
Who's Who in America, 200
Wiedmont, Alene, 204
Wiedmom, Jodi, 204
Wiedmont, Walter G., 204
Wilcox, Peter, 196-8, 2840
Wilkie, James, 350
Wilkinson, Marian, 340, 399
Wilkinson Holdings, 148
Williams, James Lewis, 232
Wilson, Bob, 21
Hand's meetings with, 319
Houghton's meeting with, 319
Wilson, Douglas, 249n, 250-55
Wilson, Edwin, 55, 219n
Angola arms deal and, 115, 118
assassinations carried out by, 102,
315
associates of, 99, 101, 103-5, 114-11,
118, 291, 293, 308-13
background of, 16, 97
CIA ties of, 97, 101-3, 115, 280.
Egyptian arms deal involvement of,
310-11, 335
government officials bribed by, 104n
Houghton's relationship with, 104-5,
312-13, 318, 386
in Iranian military deal, 123-24, 267, n8
Justice Department investigation of,
100, 103, 1I3-14, 349
Libyan arms sales of, 101-3, 291,
312-13
Libyan port construction project of,
262
maritime and consulting companies
run by, 99-102, 104n, 114-15, 117,
120, 262, 283-84
as Naval Task Force 157 operative, 97,
99-100, 115, 1I7, 118-19, 120, 122-23, 280n,
386
Nugan Hand's ties to, 308-22
Secord's relationship with, 310, 378
Shackley's relationship with, 97,
101-4, 291, 293, 309-10
Stewart Commission report on,
362-63
wealth amassed by, 100, 103
Wilson, Isobel, 249n, 250-55
Wilson, Sue, 370
Wing-On Bank, 246
Nugan Hand given references by,
152-56, 178
Nugan Hand's deposits guaranteed
by, 153, 172, 172, 226, 388
Wings Travel Pty. Ltd., 237-38
Winter, Alan Glen, 336, 338
Wong, Ernest C. L., 227, 355
depositor reimbursement and, 327
on Somoza deal, 314
Wonus, Milton Corley, 141-42, 383,
384-85
Woodward, Philip, 236-39
Woodward Royal Commission on
Drugs:
on L'Honorata Societa, 78
on Nugan Hand's drug operations,
236-37, 238-39, 240n, 250
Woollard, M. D. M. (Mike), 345
FBI assailed by, 345-46
World Bank, 286-87
World Finance Corporation, 96
World Marine, Inc., 114-15

Yaeger, Deborah, 400
Yates, Earl P., ("Buddy"), 73-74, 91, 161,
195, 218-19, 312, 391-97
background of, 14, 33, 73, 352
Beazley's relationship with, 294-95,
296-99
Beirut trip of, 275
Black's relationship with, 195, 197-98
Brunei project of, 275-76
on charges against Nugan, 259
depositors solicited by, 200, 392-93
Hand's relationship with, 157-58
Holmgren described by, 185
Houghton's relationship with, 38, 62,
157-58, 263, 383
Indochinese refugee resettlement project
of, 276-83
investigators thwarted by, 341
Malayasian rubber deal of, 184
management conference attended by,
185n, 296, 298-99, 304-5
Manor's opinion of, 358
Manor's relationship with, 190, 304,
357
as Nugan Hand president, 37-38, 40,
41, 73, 157-59, 172, 185, 196, 200-201,
203, 246-47, 263, 265, 358,
393-94
Nugan Hand's audits and, 321-22
Nugan Hand's employment agreement
with, 158-59, 263, 394
Nugan Hand's files ransacked by, 3233,
38, 39-40, 326, 395-96
Nngan's letter to, 393-94
Nugan's relationship with, 158-59,
263, 393
Pauker's relationship with, 287-89,
301, 304
project of, 272-85, 305
Saudi venture and, 261-65, 267, 269
Stewart Commission report on, 157-
59, 203, 297, 308-9, 364
Terpil's and Schlachter's meeting
with, 308-9
Yee, S. K., 276
York, Alvin, 57
York University, Osgood Hall Law
School of, 79
Yorkville Nominees; 147-48, 167-72,
172, 179, 234, 246n, 259-60, 268,
341
Young, O. Gordon, 14, 211, 212-13
Young, William (Billy), 14, 61
Chiang Mai activities of, 211-12,
213

Zaire, 106n, 107, 109, I 16
Zavala, Julio, 380
Zorilla, Tony, 35
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 29959
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Re: The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money

Postby admin » Sat Dec 16, 2017 5:02 am

Photographs

Image

Michael Hand in his office, with silver ingots, 1974 (© John Fairfax & Sons Limited. Photo: Lee/SMH 1974)

Image

Frank Nugan (© John Fairfax & Sons Limited)

Image

Frank Nuga (right), Michael Hand (center) at work (© John Fairfax & Sons Limited)

Image

William Colby (AP/Wide World Photos)

Image

The exhumation of Frank Nugan's body (© John Fairfax & Sons Limited. Photo: Nigel McNeil/SMH 1981)

Image

Admiral Earl Yates as a Navy Captain in 1964 (UPI/Bettman Newsphotos)

Image

Rafael ("Chi-Chi") Quintero (right) in a Mexican jail (AP/Wide World Photos)

Image

General Erie Cocke, seeking election as a national commander of the American Legion in 1949 (AP/Wide World Photos)

Image

Figure ground symbol on hat: KK and I33

Image

Gough Whitlam, then Prime Minister of Australia, in 1975 (UPI/Bettman Newsphotos)

Image

The Sultan of Brunei (AP/Wide World Photos)

Image

General LeRoy Manor being decorated by President Richard Nixon in 1970 (AP/Wide World Photos)

Image

Edwin Wilson (center) being led from the federal courthouse in Alexandria, Virginia, in 1982 (UPI/Bettman Newsphotos)

Image

General Richard V. Secord testifying before Congress in 1987 (AP/Wide World Photos
admin
Site Admin
 
Posts: 29959
Joined: Thu Aug 01, 2013 5:21 am

Previous

Return to Political Science

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests

cron