Essays on the Religion and Philosophy of the Hindus

That's French for "the ancient system," as in the ancient system of feudal privileges and the exercise of autocratic power over the peasants. The ancien regime never goes away, like vampires and dinosaur bones they are always hidden in the earth, exercising a mysterious influence. It is not paranoia to believe that the elites scheme against the common man. Inform yourself about their schemes here.

Re: Essays on the Religion and Philosophy of the Hindus

Postby admin » Wed Dec 23, 2020 3:50 am

XIII. On the Origin and Peculiar Tenets of Certain Muhammedan Sects. [From the Asiatic Researches, vol. vii. p. 338-344. Calcutta 1801. 4to.]

The Bohrahs, numerous in the provinces of the Indian peninsula, but found also in most of the great cities of Hindustan, are conspicuous by their peculiar customs; such for example, as that of wearing at their orisons an appropriate dress, which they daily wash with their own hands. Their disposition for trade to the exclusion of every other mode of livelihood, and to the government of their tribe by a hierarchy, are further peculiarities, which have rendered them an object of inquiry, as a singular sect.

Researches made by myself, among others, were long unsuccessful. My informers confounded this tribe with the Ismailiyahs, with the Ali-ilahiyahs, and even with the unchaste sect of Cheragh-cush. Concerning their origin the information received was equally erroneous with that regarding their tenets. But at length a learned Sayyad referred me to the Mejatisu'lmuminim composed by Nurullah of Shuster, a zealous Shiah, who suffered for his religious opinions in the reign of Jehangir. In the passage, which will be forthwith cited from that work, the Bohrahs are described by the author as natives of Gujrat, converted to the Muhammedan religion about three hundred years before his time, or five centuries ago.

To that passage I shall subjoin extracts from the same work, containing an account of similar tribes, with some of which the Bohrahs may perhaps have been sometimes confounded. Concerning the Ismailiyahs, for whom they have been actually mistaken, it must be remembered, that these form a sect of Shiahs, who take their distinctive appellation from Ismail, eldest son and nominated successor of Iman Jafer, surnamed Sadik. They consider Ismail as the true heir of the Imamet, and do not acknowledge the legal succession of his brother Musa and of the five last Imams. This sect flourished under the Egyptian dynasty of Khalifs founded by MUHAMMED Mahadi, who claimed descent from the Imam Ismail himself. It was also conspicuous under a dynasty of princes of this sect, the first of whom, Hasan Sabah founded a principality in Irak. [See the Dabistan of Mulla Mohsen Fani; and D'herbelot's Bibliotheque orientale. If the industrious Bohrahs and the remorseless "assassins" had really arisen out of the same sect, it would be a new fact in the history of the human mind.] The sect may still exist in Syria; but it does not seem to be at present known in the Indian portions of Asia.

The Ali-ilahiyahs on the contrary, are become numerous in India. This sect is mentioned by the author of the Dabistan, as prevalent in his time, only at Uzbit, or Azbat, in the mountainous tract near Khata. It now prevails, according to information which I have received in a part of the dominions of Nawab-Nizamu'l-Mulc. The singular tenets of this heretical sect are thus stated by Mohsen Fani. "The Ali-ilahiyahs hold, that celestial spirits, which cannot otherwise be known to mankind, have frequently appeared in palpable shapes. God himself has been manifested in the human form, but especially in the person of Ali Murteza, whose image, being that of ALI ULLAH, or ALI God, these sectaries deem it lawful to worship. They believe in the metempsychosis; and, like others who maintain that doctrine, abstain from fleshmeat. They imagine that ALI MURTEZA, when he quitted this earth, returned to the sun, which is the same with himself; and hence they call the sun Ali Ullah. This sect does not admit the authenticity of the Koran as it is now extant: some pretending that it is a forgery of Abubecr's, Omar's and Othman's, others condemning it, simply because it was edited by the last mentioned Khalif. The members of this sect appear to vary in regard to some points of doctrine; but the leading and universal tenet of this sect is, that, in every age of the world, God is manifested in the persons of prophets and of saints; for instance, he was Adam, and afterwards Ahmed and Ali: and in like manner these sectaries believe in the transmigration of God into the persons of the Imams. Some of them affirm, that the manifestation of the divine being, in this age of the world, was Ali Ullah; and after him, his glorious posterity: and they consider Muhammed as a prophet sent by Ali Ullah. When God, say they, perceived Muhammed's insufficiency, he himself assumed the human form for the purpose of assisting the prophet." [See the Dabistan, from which this account is abstracted.]

It does not appear from any satisfactory information, that the Bohrahs agree with either of these sects, in deifying Ali, or in contesting the legal succession of the six last Imams. On the contrary, the tribe is acknowledged to consist of orthodox Sunnis, and of true Shiahs; but mostly of the last mentioned sect. These and other known circumstances corroborate the following account of that tribe, as given by Nurullah of Shuster, in the work before mentioned.

"The Bohrahs are a tribe of the faithful which is settled chiefly at Ahmedabad and its environs. Their salvation in the bosom of religion took place about three hundred years ago, at the call of a virtuous and learned man, whose name was Mulla Ali, and whose tomb is still seen at the city of Cambayat.

"The conversion of this people was thus conducted by him: As the inhabitants of Gujrat were pagans, and were guided by an aged priest, a recreant, in whom they had a great confidence, and whose disciples they were, the missionary judged it expedient, first to offer himself as a pupil to the priest, and after convincing him by irrefragable proofs, and making him participate in the declaration of faith, then to undertake the conversion of others. He accordingly passed some years in attendance on that priest, learnt his language, studied his sciences, and became conversant with his books. By degrees he opened the articles of the faith to the enlightened priest, and persuaded him to become Musleman. Some of his people changed their religion in concert with their old instructor. The circumstance of the priest's conversion being made known to the principal minister of the king of that country, he visited the priest, adopted habits of obedience towards him, and became a Muslem. But for a long time, the minister, the priest, and the rest of the converts, dissembled their faith, and sought to keep it concealed, through dread of the king.

"At length the intelligence of the minister's conversion reached the monarch. One day he repaired to his house, and finding him in the humble posture of prayer, was incensed against him. The minister knew the motive of the king's visit, and perceived that his anger arose from the suspicion that he was reciting prayers and performing adoration. With presence of mind, inspired by divine providence, he immediately pretended that his prostrations were occasioned by the sight of a serpent, which appeared in the corner of the room, and against which he was employing incantations. The king cast his eyes towards the corner of the apartment, and it so happened that there he saw a serpent; the minister's excuse appeared credible, and the king's suspicions were lulled.

"After a time, the king himself secretly became a convert to the Musleman faith; but dissembled the state of his mind, for reasons of state. Yet, at the point of death, he ordered, by his will, that his corpse should not be burnt, according to the customs of the pagans.

"Subsequently to his decease, when Sultan Zefer, one of the trusty nobles of Sultan Firuz Shah, sovereign of Delhi, conquered the province of Gujrat; some learned men, who accompanied him, used arguments to make the people embrace the faith, according to the doctrines of such as revere the traditions. [The Sunnis, or orthodox sect.] Hence it happened, that some of the tribe of Bohrahs became members of the sect of the Sunnet.

"The party which retains the Imamiyeh tenets, comprehends nearly two thousand families. They always have a pious learned man amongst them, who expounds cases of law according to the doctrines of the Imamiyehs. Most of them subsist by commerce and mechanical trades; as is indicated by the name of Bohrah, which signifies merchant, in the dialect of Gujrat. They transmit the fifth part of their gains to the Sayyads of Medineh; and pay their regular eleemosynary contributions to the chief of their learned, who distributes the alms among the poor of the sect. These people, great and small, are honest, pious, and temperate. They always suffer much persecution (for the crime of bearing affection towards the holy family) from the wicked murderers, [The orthodox.] who are invested with public authority; and they are ever involved in the difficulties of concealment.

"The Sadikiyahs are a tribe of the faithful Hindustan; pious men, and disciples of Sayyad Cabiru'ddin, who derived his descent from ISMAIL, son of Imam Jafer. This tribe is denominated Sadikiyahs, by reason of the sincere [Sadik] call of that Sayyad. Although that appellation have, according to received notions, a seeming relation to ABUBECR, whose partisans gave him this title, yet it is probable that the sect assumed that appellation for the sake of concealment. However, no advantage ever accrues to them from it. On the contrary, the arrogant inhabitants of Hind, who are Hindus, being retainers of the son of the impious Hind, [Meaning Hinda, the mother of Moaviyyeh.] have discovered their attachment to the sect of Shiahs, and have revived against them the calumnies which five hundred years ago they broached against the Ismailiyahs. They maliciously charge them with impiety; such, indeed, is their ancient practice. They violate justice, and labour to extirpate this harmless tribe. In short, they cast the stone of calumny on the roof of the name and reputation of this wretched people, and have no fear of God, nor awe of his Prophet. [The author proceeds in a strain of invective against the Sunnis; especially against Mulla ABDULLAH of Lahor, who bore the title of the Makhdu-Mu'l-Mulc. This, being superfluous, is here omitted.]

"In short, nearly thirty thousand persons of this sect are settled in provinces of Hindustan, such as Multan, Lahor, Dehli, and Gujrat. Most of them subsist by commerce. They pay the fifth part of their gains to the descendants of Sayyad Cabir, who are their priests; and both preceptor and pupil, priests and laymen, all are zealous Shiahs. God avert evil from them, and make the wiles of their foes recoil!

"The Hazarehs of Cabul are an innumerable tribe, who reside in Cabul, Ghaznin, and Kandahar. Many of them are Shiahs, and adherents of the holy family. At present, among the chief of the Shiahs, is Mirza Shadman, with whom the faithful are well pleased, and of whose incursions the Kharejis [The word is here used as a term of reproach; for its origin, as the appellation  of a sect, see D'herbelot's Bibliotheque orientale.] of Cabul and Ghaznin bitterly complain.

"The Baloch of Sind; many of these are devoted Shiahs. They call themselves, and are called by all the faithful, Ali's friends. Sayyad Raju of Bokhara exerted himself in the guidance of this tribe; his descendants remain among them, and are occupied with the concerns of the sect."
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Re: Essays on the Religion and Philosophy of the Hindus

Postby admin » Fri Dec 25, 2020 5:44 am

INDEX.

A.


Abhava, 167, 182, 194.
Abhidhana chintamani, 289.
Abhimana, 153.
ABHIMANYU, 285.
Abhira, 274.
Abhisheca, 19.
Abhyantara, 252.
ABJA, 26.
Ablutions, 76, 84.
Absorption of the soul in the Supreme Being, 150, 234, 241.
ABU'L-FAZL, 284.
Acasa, 154, 170, 174, 217, 222, 239, 248, 253, 256.
Acasasticaya, 248.
Achara, 193.
Achara chandrica, 92.
Acharadersa, 92.
Ach'havac, 84, 119.
ACHYUTA CRISHNANANDA TIRT'HA, 216.
Adbhuta, Adbhutu brahmana, 49.
Ad'harma, 181, 248, 255.
Adharmasticaya, 248.
Adhicaranas 189, 191, 192, 211, 252.
Adhisht'hatri, 262.
Adhwara, 43.
Adhwaryu, 5, 83.
Adhyaya, 8, 19, 31, 34.
ADISWARA, 277.
ADITI, 95.
ADITYA, the sun, 32.
Adityas, 16, 20, 44, 131.
ADWAITANANDA, 213, 215.
ADWAYANANDA, 215.
Agama, 270.
Agamas, 9, 251, 266, 268.
AGASTYA, 10, 14.
AGHAMARSHANA, 17.
Aghatin, 247,
AGNI, author of part of the Vajurveda, 44. Incarnation of Agni, 145.
Agnidhra, 119.
Agni purana, 77.
Agni rahasya, 35, 209.
Agnishtoma, 31, 44, 49, 119.
Ahancara, 153, 267.
Aharica, 282.
AINDRAYANI, 90.
Aindri, 117.
Aiswarya, 267.
AITAREYA, 25.
Aitareya aranyaca, 25, &c.
Aitareya brahmana, 11, 15, 19, &c
Aitareya upanishad, 26, 55, 208.
Aitihya, 259.
AITISAYANA, 189.
Aja, 223.
AJATASATRU, 30, 38, 222.
AJIGARTA, 10.
AJITA, 291.
Ajiva, 245.
Alocacasa, 248.
Ali-ilahiyahs, 302, 303.
ALI-MURTEZA, 303.
ALI-ULLAH, 303.
Allobii, 288.
AMBARISHA, 11.
Ambasht'ha, 21
AMBASHT'HYA, 21.
Ambhas, 26.
AMBHINI, 16.
AMBHRINA, 16.
AMERA SINHA, 274.
Anritavindu upanishad, 58.
Analavanda, 213.
Ananda, 46, 258.
Anandagiri, 36. 58.
Anandajnyana, 45, 49, 56.
Anandasrama, 55.
Anandatirt'ha, 25, 49.
Anandamaya, 217.
Anantatirt'ha, 214.
Anandavalli upanishad, 59
Ancestors, ceremonies performed in their honour, 113, &c.
Andaja, 239.
Andhra, dialect, 201.
Anga, 11, 22.
Anga, 271, 297.
ANGIR, 56.
ANGIRAS, 10, 11, 18, 22, 34, 39, 56, 71, 219, 284.
Aniructa gana, 48.
Aniruddha, 267, 268.
Anna, 240.
Annamaya, 239.
Anomalies of the dialect of the Vedas, 202.
ANTACA, 90.
Antaraya, 247.
Antaricsha, 269.
Antaryamin, 218.
Anu, 223.
Anubhava, 168, 183.
Anucramani, 10, 13.
Anugamana, 74.
Anumana, 193.
ANUMATI, 95, 121.
Anurad'ha, 126.
Anust'hana sarira, 155.
Anusht'hubh, 18.
Anuvacas of the Rig veda, 8, of the White Yajur veda, 31, of the Black Yajur veda 43, of the At'harvana veda, 53.
Anuvaha, 119.
Anwayart'ha pracasica, 214.
Ap, 130, 239.
Apachyas, 20.
Apadesa, 185.
Apana, 27, 122.
APANTARATAMAS, 209.
APASTAMBA, 6, 61, 73, 90, 126, 200.
Apastambiyas, 6.
Apavarga, 258.
Apratisanc'hya nirodha, 256.
Apravritti, 246.
Apsarases, 71.
Apta vacya, 193.
Aptya, 14, 20.
Apurva, 203.
APYAYA DICSHITA, 213, 216.
Aranya of the Rig veda, 25, of the Taittiriya Vajur-veda, 45.
Aranyaca, 25. Fifth aranyaca, 196.
Aranya-gana, 48, 49.
Archica, 47.
Archica gana, 48.
Araha vainasicus, 253.
Arg'ha, 84, 103.
Arghya, 130.
ARHAT, 245, 251, &c.
Arhat, 290.
Arhatas, 245, &c.
Arhatas, 297.
ARINDAMA, 25.
ARJUNA, 43.
Arna, 49.
ARRIAN, his account of the Indian sages, 285, 286.
Arshaya brahmana, 48.
Art'ha, 172.
Art'hapatti, 194.
Art'haveda, 193.
ARUNA, 19, 30, 50, 52.
ARUNDHATI, 70.
Aruniya or Aruniyoga upanishad, 58.
ARYAMAN, 46, 135, 139.
Aryavarta, 298.
Asadhu, 247.
ASAMATI, 11.
Asandivat, 21.
Asanga, 11.
Asat, 17.
Asclepias, juice of the acid, 14, 43, See Soma.
Ash'taca, 43.
Asicni, 85.
Aslesha, 54, 67.
Asmarat'hya, 210, 220, 222.
Asrama upanishad, 39.
Asrava, 246.
Asticaya, 248.
Astronomical notions of the Jainas, 300.
Asu, 29.
Asuri, 63, 89, 145, 164.
Aswabala, 202.
ASWALA, 41, 57.
ASWALAYANA, 5, 16, 57, 61, 196.
Aswalayani sac'ha, 8.
Aswamedha, 31, 35, &c. 43, 75, 150, 241.
Aswamedhya, 35.
ASWAPATI, 50.
ASWATARASWA, 50, 52.
Aswina (month), 117, 121.
Aswini, 67.
Aswini, 130, 134.
Aswins, 14, 16, 32, 67.
At'harvan, 2, 32, 34, 39, 56.
At'harva or At'harvana veda, 2, 39, 47, 53, &c.
At'harvasiras upanishad, 57.
Atheistical Sanc'hya, 149, 159.
Atiratra, 45.
Ativahica, 155.
Atmabodha upanishad, 69.
Atman, 154, 219, 253, &c. 262.
Atma upanishad, 58.
Atoms, 153, 155, 176, 210, 223, 249, 257.
ATREYA, 6, 189.
Atreyi, 210.
Atreyi sac'ha, 6, 44.
Atri, 10, 22, 96.
ATYARATI, 23.
Auc'hyayas, 6.
Audarica, 282.
AUDULOMI, 210, 222, 236.
AUDUMBARA, 90.
Aupanianyavas, 6.
Avachatruca, 22.
Avaha, 119.
Avasarpini age 290, 295.
Avaitras, 26, of AGNI, 145. hereditary avatara of Ganesa, 125.
AVICSHIT, 22.
Avidya, 255.
Avyacta, 223.
AYASYA, 40.
Ayatana, 220.
Ayin Acberi, 284.
Ayagava, 274.
Ayushca, 247.

B.

BABHRU, 25.
BADARAYANA, 189, 210, 237.
BADARI, 189, 210, 220, 236.
Baddha, 246.
Baddhatma, 245.
BAHCALA, 4.
BAHCALI, 5.
BAHULA, 121.
Bahula chaturt'hi, 121.
Bahvrich, 4, 196.
Bajvrich brahmana upanishad, 25.
Bahvrich sac'ha, 200.
Bahya, 252.
Baidya, 272.
Bala, 267.
Balaca, 38.
BALACI, 38, 222.
BALA CRISHNA, 34, 57, 58.
Baladevas, 297.
BALA RAMA, 267.
BALIBHADRA, 166.
BALLABHA ACHARYA, 166, 180, 214.
BALLALA SENA, 277, 278.
Baloch, 306.
Bandha, 262.
Ban-ling. 97.
Banga, 271, 278.
Bardiya, 273.
Barbara language, 201.
BARDESANES, 287.
Barga, 8
Baruda, 275.
Bathing, 77, 81, 85.
Bauddhas, 210, 243, 251, &c. 280, &c.
Baud'hayana, 61, 90, 127, 200.
Bauddhayanas, 6.
Beatitude, 149, 168.
Beings, three orders of, 155.
Berbera, 271.
Bhadra, 92.
Bhadravacasa, 98.
BHAGA, 16.
Bhagavad gita, 209, 266.
BHAGAVAT, 267, &c.
Bhagavata purana, 13, 63, 71, 123, 266.
Bhagavatas, 210, 266, &c.
BHALLAVI, 50.
Bhamati. 213.
Bhanganaya, 249.
BHARADWAJA, 10, 56, 277.
Bharani, 301.
BHARATA, 22.
BHARGA, 25.
BHASCARA, 272, 298, 301.
Bhashya, 166.
Bhashya ratna prabha, 213.
BHATTA, 192, 213.
BHATTA BHASCARA, 69, 214.
BHATTA CUMARILA SWAMI, 190.
Bhatta dipica, 191.
BHATTA NARAYANA, 277.
Bhautica, 252, 253.
Bhautica sarga, 155.
Bhava, 167.
BHAVADEVA, 92, 235.
BHAVADEVA MISRA, 214.
Bhavani, 182.
Bhavanat'ha Misra, 191.
BHAVANI, 68.
Bhavart'ha dipica, 166.
Bhavayavya, 11.
Bhawishya purana, 81, 82.
Bhecuri, 136.
Bheda, 183.
Bhelupura, 293.
BHIMA, 25.
BHIMASENA, 121.
Bhoctri, 245.
Bhogya, 245.
BHOJA RAJA or BHOJA PATI, 149.
Bhojya, 20.
BHRIGU, 10, 21, 45, 57.
Bhriguvalli upanishad, 59.
Bhu, 269.
Bhaman, 220.
Bhur, bhuvah, swah, 12.
Bhuta, 252.
Bhuta yoni, 219.
Bhutidatta, 273.
Black Yajur veda, 5, 43, &c.
Bodhatma, 245.
BODHAYANA, 190.
Bodhisatwa, 285, 290.
BODHU, 89.
Body, twofold, 155. Enquiry concerning body in the Nyaya, 170.
Bohrahs, 302.
Brachmanes, 285, &c.
Brahma or Brahme, and Brahma, 218.
Brahma (Brahme), 24, 29, 32, 45, &c. 218, &c.
BRAHMA, 15, 16, 29, 30, 32, 56, 218, &c.
BRAHMA, VISHNU, and RUDRA, 81.
Brahma mimansa, 189, 208, &c.
Brahmamrita vershini, 214.
Brahman, 218, &c.
Brahmana ch'handasi, 83, 119.
Brahmanah parimarah, 24.
BRAHMANANDA, 216.
BRAHMANANDA SARASWATI, 214.
Brahmanas, 271, 283.
Brahmanas of the Vedas, 7, 39, 196, 198, &c.; of the Rig veda, 19, &c.; of the White Yajurveda, 34, &c.; of
the Black Yajur veda, 45, &c.; of the Sama-veda, 49, &c.; of the At'harva veda, 54, &c.
Brahmana sarvaswa, 92.
Brahma purana, 72.
Brahma sutras, 209.
Brahma vidyabharana, 213.
Brahmavidya upanishad, 57.
Brahmavindu upanishad, 58.
Brahme, see Brahma.
Brahme pura, 221.
Brahme sudra, 272.
Brahme sutra bhashya, 214.
Brahmevadin ( — dini), 16.
Brahmi, 153.
Breath, (oblations to), 122.
Bridegroom, his solemn reception by the father of the bride, 128, &c.
Bucca Raya, 192.
BUDDHA, 63, 68, 243, &c. 251, &c.
BUDDHA, mentioned by Clemens ALEXANDRINUS, 287.
Buddhi, 153, 180, 183, 184, 238, 266.
Buddhists, see Bauddhas.
BUDDHISTS, 280, &c.
BUDHA, 10, 96.
Bull, an emblem of religious duty, 83.
Burning of dead bodies, 98.
BUTTA, 288.

C.

CABANDHA, 7.
CABANDHI, 57.
CABIRUDDIN, 305.
CACSHIVAT, 11.
Cait, 273.
Caiverta, 275.
Caiwalya, 148, 258.
Caiwalya upanishad, 59.
Cala, 248.
Calabhairava, 108.
Calagnirudra upanishad, 59.
Calamuc'has, 201.
Calanus, 205.
Calendar, ancient, 65, &c.
CALl, 68.
Calica purana, 68.
CALIDASA, 96, 121, 129.
Calinga, 271, 272.
Cali yuga, 66, 127.
Calpa, 61.
Calpas, 44, 237.
Calpa sutras, 200.
Cama, 17.
CAMA, 267.
Camya, 74.
CANABHUJ, or CANABHACSHA, 210, 257. See CANADE.
CANABHUJ, CANABHACSHA, 257.
CANADE, 143, &c. 165, &c. 249, 257, &c.
Canda, 43, 53.
Candanucrama, 6.
Candica, 31, 34, 43.
Cansacara, 272.
Cant'hasruti upanishad, 58.
Canwa, 6.
Canwa school, 34, 36, 42, 209.
Canyacubja Brahmanas, 271, 277.
Canyacubja, Brahmans of, 3.
Capala, 275.
Capalas or Capalicas, 261.
CAPILA, 63, 68, 89, 144, &c. 224. His doctrine contrasted with Patanjali's, 159.
Capita bhashya, 144, 146.
Caran, 273.
Carana, 273.
Carana, 168, 262, 263.
Carana sarira, 239.
Carica, 166. See Sanc'hya carica.
Carmacara, 273, 274, 275.
Carma mimansa, 188, &c.
Carman, 182, 241, 246, 247.
Carmana sarira 282.
Carme, see Carman.
CARSHNAJINI, 210.
Carta, 262.
Cartica, 72.
Carya, 168, 262.
Carya brahme, 236.
CASARITSNA, 210, 222.
Casera, 272.
Cashmir, chronicle of, 284.
Casi, 12. 30, 38.
Cash'ta srotriya Brahmanas, 211.
Casmira Brahmanas, 271.
CASU, 11.
CASYAPA, 10, 21, 121, 277.
Cat'ha, 6.
Cat'ha, 186.
Cat'has, 6.
Cat'ha, Cat'havalli, or Cat'haca upanishad, 47, 55, 58, 208.
CATYA, 57.
Catyayana, 10, 57, 61, 90.
Catyayani, 39.
Cauta upanishad, 69.
CAUSALYA, 57.
Cause and effect, 224, 225.
CADSHlTAci, 5.
Caushitaci brahmana upanishad, 30, 208.
Causici, 98.
Caut'humi sac'ha, 6, 7, 196.
CAVASHA, 21, 42.
CAVASHEYA, 42.
Caya, 260.
Cayast'has; 273, 277, 278.
Cecaya, 50.
Cena or Ceneshita upanishad, 53, 55, 59, 208.
Ceremonies, writers on, 61. Ceremonies to be observed by a Brahman when rising from sleep, 77, &c. Funeral ceremonies, 97, &c. Ancestral ceremonies, 113, &c Hospital and nuptial ceremonies, 128, &c.
Cesava Misra, 166, 172.
t'hacravartis, 297.
t'haitana atma 245
t'haitra, 126, &c.
t'haitta, 252.
t'hampa, 297.
t'hampapuri, 295.
C'handa, 8, 19.
C'handadeva, 191.
t'handala, 53, 274.
t'handiceyas, 6.
CHANDRA, 277.
t'handrabhaga, 98.
t'handravati, 295.
CHARACA, 6.
t'haracas, 6.
t'harana vyuha, 4.
t'haru, 202.
CHARVACA, 144, 152, 259.
t'harvaca school, 298.
t'harvacas, 211, 259, &c.
t'haturt'hi, 140.
t'haturvedi, 3.
t'haube, 3.
t'haut'hi, 140.
CHEDI, 11.
Cheragh-cush, 302.
Ch'hala, 186.
Ch'handasi sanhita, 47.
C'handoga priests, 47.
Ch'handogya, 6.
Ch'handogya upanishad, 3, 49-53, &c. 55, 208, 284.
Ch'hetri, 108.
C'hilagrant'ha. 209.
China, 271.
CHITRA, 11, 30.
Chitra, 126, 204.
CHITRAGUPTA, 241.
Chitragupta, 273.
Chitrangada, 273.
Chitrasena, 273.
Chitta, 252, 253, &c.
Chola, 271.
Chronology, 65, 126.
Chulica upanishad, 51.
CHYAVANA, 21.
Cilala, 106.
Cinata, 41.
CIRISA, 25.
Classes of the Hindus, 270, 280. Known to Greek writers 285, &c.
CLEMENS ALEXANDRINUS, 287.
Clepsydra, 66.
Colour, Nyaya doctrine respecting it, 177.
Commentaries, their importance in preserving the text of a book from changes, 60.
CONDA BHATTA, 166.
Controversies of various philosophical schools, 152, 159, 160, 170, 173, 185, 194, 199, 243, 249, 259, 264, &c.
Cosa, 239.
Cows let loose on certain solemn occasions, 131.
Cows, sacrifice of, 128, 129, 131.
Crama copies of the Rig and Yajur veda, 9.
Creation of the world, 17, 81, 87.
CRISHNA, 67, &c.
CRISHNANANDA, 53, 215.
CRISHNA Dwaipayana, 209.
Crishnalancara, 216.
CRISHNA mentioned in the ch'handogya upanishad, 284.
Crishnas, nine, of the Jains, 297.
CRISHNA TIRT'HA, 214.
Crishna upanishad, 67.
CRITI, 6.
Crittica. 54, 65.
Criya, 73.
Criyasacti, 263.
Criyayoga, 268.
Cshatriyas, 271. massacred by Parasurama, 70.
Cshurica upanishad, 57.
Cula, 271.
Culina Brahmanas, 277.
CULLUCA BHATTA, 2.
CUMARILA SWAMI, 190, &c. 199.
Cumar, 272.
Cumbhacara, 272.
Curayana, 11.
Curma purana 149.
CURU, 42.
Curu, 20, 40.
CURUNGA, 11
Cusa, 70, &c.
CUSHARU, 25.
Cushion used at certain ceremonies, 129, &c.
Cusumanda, 91.
CUSICA, 14.
Cusumanjali, 166.
Cut'humi, 6.
CUTSA, 10, 14.
Cuverina, 273.

D.

Dabistan, 303.
DACSHA, 16, 277.
DACSHINA, 15, 16.
Dacshina Rara, 278.
DADHYACH, 32, 34, 40.
Dahara, 221.
Dahara vidya, 209.
Daivata, 12.
DAMODARA, 285.
DARA SHUCOH, 1.
Darbha, 54.
Darsana, 210, 263.
Darsana upanishad, 69.
Darsana varaniya, 247.
Dasati, 47.
Dasa, 274. a common termination of proper names, 278.
Daurinanasya, 255.
Death, 233, 251.
Deistical Sanc'hya, 159.
Deities invoked in the hymns of the Vedas, are resolvable into different titles of one God, 12. Deities of Hindu mythology have but a definite duration of life, 100, 150, 151.
Deities worshipped by the early Hindus 284. Four classes of Deities distinguished by the Jainas, 299.
Deliverance from evil, 149, 150, &c.
Deva, a common termination of proper names, 278.
DEVACI, 69.
Devadarsa, 7.
Devadarsi sac'ha, 7.
Devadhidevas, 289.
DEVADUTI, 145.
DEVALA, 224.
Devas of the Jainas, 289.
Devald of a mantra, 9.
Devavrid'ha, 25.
Devayana, 235.
Dhanisht'ha, 66.
Dhanush, 291, 296.
Dhareswara, 149.
D'harma, 181, 189, 248, 255.
DHERMARAJA, 90.
DHARMARAJA DICSHITA, 215.
Dharmasastra, 199.
Dharmasticaya, 248.
DHATRI, 120, 121.
Dherma see Dharma.
DHRITARASHTRA, 71, 74.
Dhwansa, 183.
Dhyanavindu upanishad, 58.
Dialectic philosophy of Gotama, 165.
Dialects, provincial, 201.
Digambaras, 245, 298.
DILIPA, 129.
Dirg'hatamas, 22.
Divacara Bhatta, 127.
Divine grace, 241.
Divodasa, 12.
Diwali, 140.
Dobe, 3.
Donations accompanied by religious formalities, 111, 112.
Dosha, 184.
Dravida dialect, 201.
Dravi'a Brahmanas, 271.
Dravya, 248.
Dric sacti, 263.
Drishtanta, 185.
Duhc'ha, 255.
Duhc'hama suc'hama, 295.
Duhc'hanta, 262, 263
DUHSHANTA, 22.
Durga mahattwa, 275.
Durmuc'ha, 23.
DUSHMANTA, DUSHYANTA, 22.
DWAIPAYANA, 64, 209.
Dwara, 263.
Dwivedi, 3.

E.

Ear. Impurity removed by touching the right ear, 78.
Earth, invoked, 85.
Ecayana, 266.
Elements, five, 154, 239. Four, 252, 254.
Error, 156.
Eternity of sound, and of the Veda, 195, &c. 223.
Etherial fluid, 154, 170, 174, 226.
Evidence, three kinds of, 151.
Evil spirits, 120.
Existence of God denied by Capila, 159.

F.

Faith, 241.
Fire, sacrificial, its consecration, 92, &c. Seven tongues of fire, 119. Maintenance of a perpetual fire, 118, 233.
FIRUZ SHAH, 304.
Frame, twofold corporeal, investing the soul, 155.
Free will, 241.
Fruit of works, 241.
Fuel used at sacrifices, 94.
Funeral rites, 96, &c.

G.

Gana, 49.
Ganadharas, 295.
Ganadhipas, 295.
Ganapatyas, 123, 125.
Ganas, 137.
Gandaci river, 97.
Gand'hara, 25.
Gandharha, 33. The sun, 134, 141.
GANDHARI, 74.
Gandhica, 272.
GANESA, 123.
Ganga, 23, 85, 98.
GANGADHARA, 214.
GANGAYANI, 30.
Garbha upanishad, 57, 154.
GARGA, 38, 57.
GARGI, 41.
GARGYA, 38.
Garuda purana, 63.
Garuda upanishad, 59.
Gat'hin, 14.
Gauda Brahmanas, 271.
GAUDAPADA, 58, 63, 145, 214, &c.
Gaura, 277.
GAURICANTA, 166, 177.
GAUTAMA, 200, 251, 283.
Gavyutis, 296.
Gayatri, 14, 77, &c.; 103, &c.; 197. Explained, 78. Another version, 109.
Gayatri metre, 18.
Germanes, 286.
Ghana copies of the Rig and Vajur veda, 9.
Ghatin, 247.
GHORA, 284.
Giranara, 293.
Glossary to the Vedas, 12.
Goaria gop, 274.
GOBHILA, 61,
Gobhiliya sac'ha, 200.
Goculast'has, 124, &c.
Gods. See Deities.
Goghna, 128, 129.
Gonarda, 281.
Gop, 274.
Gopa, 273, 274.
Gopajivi, 274.
Gopala tapaniya upanishad, 67.
Gopat'ha brahmana, 54, 55.
Gopichandana upanishad, 69.
GOTAMA, 52, 74, 143, 165, &c. 226.
Gotras, 70.
Gotrica, 247.
Goverdhana Misra, 166.
GOVINDA, 214.
GOVINDA BHATTA, 166.
Govindananda, 213.
Govindanat'ha, 63.
Gramageya gana, 47, 48.
Gravastata, 84.
Great Soul, 13.
Grihya, 71.
Grihya grant'ha, 200.
Grishma, 127.
GRITSAMADA, 10.
Guest, solemn reception of, 128, &c.
Gujjara Brahmanas, 271.
Guna, 157, 263,
GUNAVISHNU, 92, 134, 138.
Gupta, a common termination of proper names, 278.
GURU, 190.
Gymnosophistae, 287, &c.

H.

Hansa upanishad, 59.
Harda vidya, 209.
Harihara, 192.
HARINAIGUMESHI, 294.
HARITA, 73.
HASAN SABAH, 303.
Hasta, 126.
Hastinapura, 295.
HASTIPALA, 295.
HAYAGRIVA, 50.
Hazarehs, 305.
HELAYUDHA, 92, 138.
HEMACHANDRA, 289.
Hemanta, 127.
Heretical systems of Hindu philosophy, 143.
Hetu, 185, 254.
Hetwabhasa, 186.
HIEROCLES, 287, 288.
Himavat, 20.
Hindi language: parts of the Vedas translated into it, 1.
HIRANYAGARBHA, 29, 221, 236.
HIRANYANABHA, 6.
HIRANYASTUYA, 10.
Holaca or Hoti festival, 140, 200.
Homa, 31, 203.
Hospitality, 129.
Hotri, 83, 119.
HUHU, 90.
Hylobii, 288.

I.

Idtivatsara, 33.
Idvatvatsara, 33.
Ijas, 127.
Iman JAFER, 302, 305.
Immolation of victims, 68, 151. Allegorical immolation of brahma, 17, 31, 35, 104, 105.
Incarnations. See Avatara.
Indra, 13, 20, &c., derivation of the name, 28. Fourteen Indras, 71. Realm of Indra, 236.
Indradyumna, 50, 51.
Indrapramati, 4, 5.
Indras, many admitted by the Jainas, 294.
Inference, three kinds of, l51, 152.
Intellect, obstructions of, 156.
Isadhyaya, 34.
Isavasya, 34, 55, 208.
Ishti, 203.
ISWARA, 145, 154, 159, 245, 262.
ISWARA CRISHNA, 63, 148, 213.
Iswara gita, 227. See Bhagavad gita.
Iswara prasada, 241.
Itihasa, 2, 3, 39, 57.

J

JABALA, 19.
Jabalas, 6.
Jabata upanishad, 59.
Jagati metre, 18.
JAHNU, 85.
JAIGISHAVYA, 152.
JAIMINI, 4, 6, 143, &c.; 189, 219, 231, 236.
Jaina sect, 144, 211, 243, &c.
Jainas, 280, &c.
Jaloca, 285.
Jalpa, 186.
JAMADAGNI, 10.
Jambu Dwipa, 271.
JANA, 50, 51.
JANACA, 25, 40, 42, 222.
Janamejaya, 19, 21, 25, 43.
Janantapa, 23.
Janasruti, 50.
Jangama, 245.
Jara, 251.
Jata copies of the Rig and Yajur veda, 9.
Jatadharis, 261.
Jati, 182, 187, 255.
Jatimala, 270, 271.
JATUCARNA, 90.
JINA, 243, &c.; 251, &c.
Jinas, 290, &c.
Jiva, 245, 253, 262, 267, 282.
Jivaja, 239.
JIVALA, 50.
Jivan mucti, 237, 241.
Jivasticaya, 248.
Jivatman, 169, 269.
Jiticiya, 85.
Jnyana, 267.
Jnyana varaniya, 247.
Jnyana yoga, 268.
JUHU, 16.
Jupiter, the planet, 18, 96.
Jyesht'ha, 126.
Jyotish, 34, 65.
Jyotish'toma, 35, 43.

L.

LABUCAYANA, 189.
Lacshana, 167.
LACSHMI, prayer to, 112.
LACSHMIDASA, 298, 301.
LACSHMI NARAYANA, 97, 124.
Laghu dipica, 45.
Lalita purana, 285.
Latayana, 61.
Liberation of the soul, 155, 237, 241, 246.
Lic'hita, 200.
Light, invoked, 79, &c.
Linga, 124, 155.
Linga sarira, 155, 239, 269.
Lingis, 124.
Loca, 248.
Locacasa, 248.
LOCACSHI, 6, 90.
Locayata school, 298.
Locayaticas, 259, &c.
Lunar month, 126, 127.
Lunchitacesa, 245.

M.

Madana parijata, 72.
Mad'hava, 126, &c.
Mad'hava Acharya, 30, 123, 191, 289. His age, 192. See sayana acharya.
MADHAVA DEVA, 166, 177.
Madhu, 126, &c.
MADHU, 214.
Mad'huch'handas, 10, 17, 32.
Mad'huparca, 130, 132.
MADHUSUDANA SARASWATI, 4, 216.
Madhu vidya, 209.
Madhyamica, 251, 259.
Mad'hyandina, 6, 31.
Madhyandina sac'ha, 31, 34, 40, 42.
Madhyandina satapat'ha, 35.
Magadha, 271, 272, 273.
Magadhi dialect, 294.
Magha, 54.
Magha, 66, 72, 117, 126.
Mahabharata, 73.
Mahadeva, 68.
Mahabhuta, 252.
Mahalaya, 117.
Mahanarayana upanishad, 45.
Maharashtra Brahmanas, 271.
Mahasala, 219.
Mahasarga, 152.
Mahat, 153, 223, 262, 266.
Maheswaras, 210, 244, 261, &c.
MAHIDASA, 26.
MAHIDHARA, 3 I, 34, 60.
Mahishya, 273.
Mait'hila or Mit'hila Brahmanas, 271, 278.
MAITRA, 47.
Maitravaruna, 83, 119.
Maitrayani, 90.
Maitrayani sac'ha, 46.
Maitrayani upanishad, 46.
Maitrayaniyas, 6.
MAITREYA, 25.
Maitreya upanishad, 154.
MAITREYI, 39, 40, 42, 222.
Malacara, 273.
Mali, 273.
MAMATA, 22.
Manana, 263.
Manas, 153, 171, 172, 269.
Mandalas of the Rigveda sanhita, 8.
MANDHATRI, 11.
Manduca or Manducya upanishad, 2, 55, 57.
MANDUCEYA, 5.
Manibandha tribe, 272, 274.
Manicara, 272.
Mantras. 7, 8, 30, 31, 196.
Mantra sastra, 9.
MANU, see MENU.
Marana, 255.
MARICHI, 10, 18.
Marriage ceremonies, 128-142.
Marudvidha, 85.
MARUTS, 14, 20, 22, 137.
MARUTTA, 22.
Mashndra, 23.
Matri gana, 200.
Matsya purana, 63, 73, 153.
Matter, believed by the Jainas to be eternal, 282.
Maulica Brahmanas, 278.
Maya, 17, 153, 242, 262.
Mayamayi, 240.
Mayuc'ha mala, 191.
Medabhilli, 275.
MEDHATIT'HI, 2, 10, 32.
MEDHYATIT'HI, 11.
Meditation, religious, 231, &c.
MEGASTHENES, 286, 289.
Mejatisu'l mumenim, 302.
MENU, 11. Race of, 21. The first MENU, 38. Laws of menu cited, 2, 12, 55, 62, 80, 87, 118, 142, 149, 224, 270.
Menwantaras, 117.
Meru, 24.
Mesha, 127.
Metempsychosis, 151, 229.
Metre of the hymns in the Vedas, 18.
MEYA, 62.
Mimansa, 60, 143, 188, &c.
Mimansa bhashya, 214.
Mimansa caustubha, 191.
Mimansa nyaya viveca, 191.
Mina, 126, 127.
Mind, an organ of perception and action, 153.
Misra a surname, 278.
Mitacshard, a commentary on the Vrihad aranyaca, 36.
Mit'hyapravritti, 246.
MITRA, 16, 18, 46.
Mlech'has, 201, 275, 280, 285.
Mocsha, 168, 246, 258, 262.
Moha, 184, 258.
Mohaniya, 247.
MOHSEN FANl, 303.
Monotheism of the Vedas, 12, &c. 29, 123.
Months, 126, &c.
Moon, its origin, 96.
Mourning, 101, &c.'
Mrigasiras, 126.
Mrityu, 40, 58.
Muctacach'ha, 251.
Muctambaras, 245.
Muctatma, 245.
Muctavasanas, 245.
Mucti, 74, 237, 241, 245, 258.
Muhammedan sects, 302.
Muhurta, 55, 66.
Mula pracriti, 153.
MULLA ALI, 304.
Mundaca upanishad, 55, 56, 208.
MUNISWARA, 298, 301.
Murahabhishicta, 276.
Muslemans of India, borrow superstitious ceremonies from the Hindus, 140.
Mythology of the Vedas, 13.

N.

NABHANEDISHT'HA, 11.
Nabhas, 127.
Nabhasya, 127.
Naca, 33.
NACHICETAS, 58, 218.
Nacshatras, 126.
Nadavindu, 58.
Nagnajit, 25.
Nagoji, 145, 149.
Nai, 273.
Naigama, 12.
Naimittica, 74.
Naishadhiya, 132.
Naiyayica, 297.
Naiyayica school, 165.
Namica, 247.
Nandana, 28.
Nandavarta, 293.
Nandimuc'ha, 117.
Napita, 273, 275.
NARASARYA, 90.
NARAYANA, allegorical immolation of, 2, 17, 32, 35.
Narayana Purusha, 32.
NARAYANA TIRT'HA, 147, 166, 216.
Narayana upanishad, 59.
NARAYANENDRA, 26.
NAREDA, 3, 21, 50.
Nastica school, 298.
Nasticas, 244, 251.
Nasticya, 268.
Nata, 275.
Nataca, 275.
Naya, 273.
Nema, 201.
Nermada, 97.
Neshtri, 119.
Nichyas, 20.
Nidarsana, 185.
Nigamana, 185.
Nighanti, 12.
Nigrahast' hana, 187.
Nihsarana, 258.
Nihs reyasa, 168, 258.
Nilacant'ha, 214.
Nila purana, 285.
Nilarudra upanishad, 58.
Nimba tree, 101.
Nimitta carana, 265.
Niriswara sanc'hya, 149.
Nirjara, 246.
Nirneya, 186.
Nirneya sindhu, 113.
Niructa, 12, &c. 60.
Nirupa, 255.
Nirvana, 258, 259.
Nishada, 272.
Niti manjari, 61.
Nityanandasrama, 36.
Nityasiddha, 245.
Nivaha, 119.
Nrimedha, 43.
NRISINHA, 58.
Nrisinha purana, 63.
Nrisinha tapaniya upanishad, 55, 58.
NRISINHA SARASWATI, 215.
Nuptial ceremonies, 142, &c.
NURULLAH, 302, 303.
Nyaya, 143, 150, 165, &c. Syllogism, 185, 211.
Nyaya lilavati, 166.
Nyaya mala vistara, 191
Nyaya ratnamala, 191.
Nyaya sancshepa, 166.
Nyaya sangraha, 166.
Nyaya sara, 166.
Nyayavati didhiti, 191.

O.

Obsequies, 96, &c. Twelve kinds of, 113.
Obsolete dialect of the Vedas, 202.
Odra, 272.
Ojha, 278.
Om, 70, 80, 159, 220, 262.
Om tat sat, 132.
Organs, 153, 171, 228.
Orthodox systems of Hindu philosophy, 143.

P.

Pacast'haman, 11
Pada copies of the Rig and Vajur veda, 9.
Pada, 148.
Padart'ha, 167, 172.
Padart'ha dipica, 166.
Padayajanica, 215.
Padma purana, 95.
PAILA, 4.
Pain, three sorts of, 150, 151.
Paippaladi sac'ha, 7, 56.
Pala, 66.
Palasa, 80, 107, 203.
Pali, 294.
Palyas, 296.
Panchagnividya pracarana, 209.
Pancha panchajandh, 224.
Panchala, 20, 23, 40.
Pancharalras, 211, 244, 266, &c.
Panchasic'ha, 63, 145, 164, 224.
Panchavinsa brahmana, 49.
PANINI, 6, 10, 13.
Panjica, 19, 49.
Papapuri, 295.
Parajayahetu, 187.
Paramahansa, 298.
Paramahansa upanishad, 59.
Paramanu, 223.
Paramarhata, 297.
Paramart'hici, 240.
Paramatma, 169.
Paramatma vidya, 209.
Paramesh'thi, 13, 17, 21, 32.
PARASARA, 66, 126, 192, 209.
PARASARYA, 40, 90.
Parasica language, 201.
Parasreyas, 266.
PARASU, 11.
PARASU RAMA, 70.
PARCHASIC'HA, 89.
Paricsha, 167.
PARICSHIT, 19, 21.
Paridevana, 255.
Parimata, 213, 216.
Parivaha, 119.
Parivatsara, 33.
Parnotaja, 71.
Part'ha Sarat'hi Misra, 191.
Parushti, 85.
Parvata, 21.
Paryanca vidya, 209.
Pasa, 262.
Pasu, 203, 262.
Pasupatas, 144, 211, 244, 261, &c.
PASUPATI, 261
Pasupati idstra, 262.
Pataliputra, 235.
Patanjala bhashya, 148.
PATANJALI, 145, &c. 159, 232.
Patanjali sutra vritti, 149.
Pat'hya, 7.
Pattasutra casa, 275.
Patticara, 273.
Pauranicas, 259.
Pauranica sanc'hya, 149.
Paurusha, 119.
Pausha, 117.
Paushyinji, 6.
Pautimashi, 42.
Pautimashya, 40.
Pawapuri, 295.
Perception, 151.
Persian translation of the upanishads, 284.
Persians, their ancient religion, 285, 286.
P'hala, 184.
P'halguna, 126.
Philosophy, Hindu systems of, 227, &c.
PHILOSTRATUS, 287, 288.
Pica, 201.
Pijavana, 22.
Pilu, 201.
Pinda, 73.
Pindacara, 98.
Pin'da upanishad, 58.
PIPPALADA, 7, 57.
Pisachas, 174.
Pitonhid, 83.
Pitris, 114, 230.
Pitri medha, 32, 43.
Pitri pacsha, 117.
Planets, sacrifice to the, 95.
PLAYOGA, 11.
PLINY, 287.
PORPHYRIUS, 287, 288.
Potri, 84, 119.
PRABHACARA, 190.
Prabhacaras, 194.
Pracaranas, 165.
PRACHETAS, 72, 129.
PRACHINASALA, 50.
Prachinayoga, 51.
Prachyas, 20.
Pracrit 294.
Pracriti, 153, 168, 216, 223, 262, 265.
Pradesamatra, 210.
Pradhana, 216, 228, 264.
Pradyumna, 267.
Pragabhava, 183.
Prajanat'ha, 66.
PRAJAPATI, 13, &c. 29, &c. 44. Abode of Prajapati, 236.
Prajapatya sacrifice, 73.
Prama, 183.
Pramana, 168, 193.
Prameya, 168.
Pramnae, 286.
Prana, 122, 217, 228.
Pranagnihotra, 53.
Pranagnihotra upanishad, 57.
Prana samveda or Prana vidya, 209.
Prapataca, 34, 43, 47, 53.
Prasna, 43.
Prasna upanishad, 55, 57, 154, 208.
Prast'ha, 66.
Prast'hana bheda, 7.
Pratardana, 12, 30, 217.
Pratijuya, 185.
Pratisanc' hya-nirodha, 255.
Prativasudevas, 297.
Pratyaya, 254.
Pravaha, 119.
PRAVAHANA, 50.
Pravritti, 183, 246.
Prayojana, 185.
Prelyabhava, 184.
Priests, seventeen required at a great solemnity, 206.
Prit'hivi, 44, 240.
Prit'hu, 85.
Priyamedha, 22.
Pudgala, 246, 248.
Pudgalasticaya, 248.
Puja, 75.
PULUSHA, 50, 51.
Pumas, 154.
Punarbhoga, 184.
Punarutpatti, 181.
Pundraca, 275.
Puranas, 2, 36, 39, 57, 153.
Purisaya, 221.
Purna vainasicas, 253.
Purohita, 24.
Purusha, 26, 54, 154, 221, 264.
Purusha medha, 2, 3 2, 35, 197.
Purusha sucta, 104, 197.
Purva bhadrapada, 126.
Purva mimansa, 143, 188, 189, &c.
Purva pacsha, 192.
Purva tapaniya, 58.
Purva valli, 58.
Purva varsha, 291.
Pushan, 15, 16, 135.
PUTRA, 50.
Putrajiva, 83.

Q.

Qualities, 157, 177, &c. See Guna.

R.

Racshoghna, 119.
Rada (Rara), 271, 277, 278.
Rad'ha, 124.
Rad'haballabhi, 124.
Raghavananda, 191.
Raja, 20.
Rajaca, 275.
Raja Martanda, 149.
Rajaputra, 272.
Rajas, 157.
Rajasuya, 31, 35, 43.
Raja vartica, 148.
RAMA, 67, 68, 284. Worshippers of RAMA, 124.
AMACRISHNA, 145, 147.
RAMACRISHNA DICSHITA, 215.
RAMALINGACRITI, 166.
RAMA MOHEN RAYA (Rammohun Roy), 212.
RAMANUJA, 214, 261, 267, 289.
Ramanujas, 124.
Rama tapaniya upanishad, 59, 67.
RAMA Tirt'ha, 214, 215.
RANA RANGA MALLA, 149.
Ranayaniyas, 7, 209.
Ranganat'ha, 214, 216.
RANGARAJA DICSHITA, 216.
Raumaca language, 201.
Regions of the world sacred to the Jainas, 298, 299.
Rehesya, 55.
Rich, 4, 53, 104, 197.
Rice, used at the nuptial ceremonies, 135.
Rig veda, 4, 8, &c. 197, &c. Passage on the burning of widows, 71, 72, 73.
RISHABHA, 291.
Rishi of a mantra, 9, &c. 32, 43, 48.
Rituals, 200.
RITUVID, 25.
Rivers, holy, 85.
ROHIDASWA, 12.
ROMASA, 11.
Rudimental creation, 155.
RUDRA, 15, 16, 87, 137, &c.
RUDRANI, 112.
Rudras, 16, 20, 44, 131.
Rudra yamala tantra, 270.
Rupa, 255.
Rupa scandha, 253.

S.

Sahara bhashya, 190.
SABARA SWAMI, 190.
Sabda, 194.
Sabda, 259.
Saca, 271.
Saca dwipa, 211.
Sacalya, 5, 41, 90.
Sacalya sac'ha, 8.
Sacapurni, 5.
Sacayana, 47.
Sac'has of the Vedas, 4, &c.
Sac'hera, 272.
Sachiguna, 23.
Sacraments, five great, 92, &c. viz. 1st. Study of the Veda, 88, &c. 2d. Sacrifice to the Deities, 92, &c. 3d. Sacrifice to the Manes, 97, &c. 4th. Sacrifice to the Spirits, 120, &c. 5th. Hospitality, 129, &c.
Sactas, 68, 123, &c.
Sacti, 123, 167, 267.
SACYA, 190, 251.
Sacyasinha, 285.
Sadananda, 215.
Sadhana, 246.
Sadhu, 247.
Sadhya, 105, 246.
Sadhyas, 20.
Sadikiyahs, 305.
Sadrisya, 167.
Sadyuctimuctavali, 166.
SAGARA, 224.
SAHADEVA, 25.
Sahas, 127.
Sahasya, 127.
Sahotaja, 71.
Saivas, 68, 123, &c. 284.
Salagrama, 97.
Samadhi, 74, 148.
Samagas, 6.
Saman, 4, 47, 197.
Samana, 122.
Samanoeans, 287.
Samanya, 182.
SAMASRAVAS, 41.
Samavaya, 169, 182.
Sama veda, 47, &c.
Samavediya priests, 47.
Samba purana, 78.
Sambandha, 168.
Sambhavi, 259.
Samet sic'hara, 291.
Sami, 101, 107, 137.
Samprasada, 221.
Samraj, samrdjya, 20.
Samvaha, 119.
Samvara, 246.
Samvarga vidya, 209.
SAMVARTA, 22.
Samvatsara, 33, 55.
Samyacpravritti, 246.
SANACA, 80, 89.
SANANDANA, 89.
SANASRUTA, 25.
SANATANA, 89.
SANATCUMARA, 3, 50.
Sancalpa, 71, &c.
Sancara, 26, 34, 36, 45, 49, 53, 55, 57, 63, 123, 190, &c. 212, &c.
Sancara Acharya, 289.
Sancara Misra, 164.
Sancara vijeya, 63.
Sancarshana, 267, 268.
Sanc'ha, 200.
Sanc'hacara, 272.
Sanc'ha daraca, 272.
Sanc'hya, 144.
Sanc'hya, 282, 297.
Sanc'hya, system of philosophy, 143, &c.
Sanc'hya bhashya, 147.
Sanc'hya carica, 145.
Sanc'hya caumudi, 147.
Sanc'hya chandrica, 147.
Sanc'hya pravachana, 146, 148.
Sanc'hya sara, 146, 214.
Sanc'hya tatwa caumudi, 147.
Sanc'hyayana, 5, 61.
Sancshepa sariraca, 215.
Sandhya, 240.
SANDILA, 277.
Sandilva, 266.
Sandilya vidya, 209.
SANGAMA, 192.
Sangraha, 148, 191.
Sangrahani ratna, 299.
Sanhita, 4, 7, of the Rig veda, 8, &c. Of the White Yajur veda, 31. Of the Black Yajur veda, 43, &c. Of
the Sama veda, 49. Of the At'harvana veda, 53, 55.
Sanjivi, 42.
Sanjnya scandha, 254.
Sanmaulica Brahmanas, 278.
Sannyasa upanishad, 58.
Sannyasi, 72.
Sannyasis, 287.
Sunsaya, 184.
Sanscara, 181, 255.
Sanscaras, 280.
Sanscara scandha, 254.
Sanyoga, 169.
Sapindana, 115.
Sapta chitica, 119.
Sarada, 127.
Saraswata Brahmanas, 271, 277.
Saraswata nation and language, 294.
SARASWATl, 85, 95, 137.
Sarayu, 98.
Sarcaracshya, 50, 51.
SARJA, 25.
Sarira, 218.
Sariraca bhashya vibhaga, 213.
Sariraca mimansa bhashya, 213.
Sariraca mimansa sutras, 209, &c.
Sarira sutra sarart'ha chandrica, 214.
SARVAJNYATMA GIRI, 214.
Sarvajnyatwa, 263.
Sarvamedha, 32.
Sarva vainasicas, 253.
Sarvopanishatsara, 59.
SARYATA, 21.
Sastra, 194, 251.
'Sastra dipica, 190, 191.
Sastra siddhanta lesa sangraha, 216.
SASWATI, 11.
Sat, 17.
Satadru, 85.
SATANICA, 21.
Satapat'ha brahmana, 34, 36, 61.
SATARUPA, 38.
Sati, 72 &c.
SATRAJIT, 21.
Satrunjaya, 295.
Saturn, the planet, 96.
Sattwa, 157.
Satwats, 20.
SATYACAMA, 19, 57, 218.
SATYAHAVYA, 23.
SATYAVAHA, 56.
Satya vidya, 209.
SATYAYAJNYA, 50, 51.
Saugatas, 251, 297.
SAUNACA, 1, 10, 26, 56, 219.
Saunaciya sac'ha, 56.
Sauras, 123, 125.
Saurayanayya, 40.
Sauryayani, 57.
Sautramani, 31, 35.
Sautranticas, 252, &c.
SAVERNA, 277.
Savitri, 15, 18, 137, 139.
SAVITRI, 15.
SAVYA, 10.
Sayanacharya, 8, 15, 19, 26, 44, 48, 49, 55, 192. See Madhava Acharya.
Scanda upanishad, 69.
Scandhas, 253, &c.
Seasons, six, 126.
Sectaries, Indian, 243, &c.
Self-immolation, 205.
Serman, 278.
SESHANAGA, 65.
Seswara sanc'hya, 149.
Seven steps, 138.
Shaddyatana, 255.
Shadman, 306.
Shadvinsa, 49.
Shiahs, 302, 303.
Shodasa cala vidya, 209.
Siddhanta, 185, 192.
Siddhanta calpataru, 216.
Silk, 275.
Siman, 28.
SINDHUDWIPA, 11.
Sisira, 126, 127.
SITA, 124.
SIVA, 124, 261.
Sivabhagavatas, 261.
Sivagama, 262.
Sivi, 11, 23, 57,
Sloca vartica, 191.
Smarana, 183.
Smriti, 193, 199, 224, 230.
Snava, 41.
Soca, 255.
Solinus, 287.
Soma, 14, 150, 203.
SOMA, 16, 44, 96, 114, 129, 133, 137.
SOMACA, 25,
Somanat'ha, 191.
SOMASUSHMAN, 21.
Sommonacodom, 283.
Soul, 29, 154, 162, 168, 226, 238, 260, 261, 282.
Sound, its perpetuity, 185, 195.
Sources of knowledge, 151, 168, 194, 211.
Sparsa, 255.
Sp'hota, 195.
Sraddha, 241.
Sraddha, 73. 102, 103, 113, 117.
Sramana. 283, 287.
Sravacas, 282.
Sravana, 263.
Sravana, 66.
Sravisht'ha, 66.
Sreyas, 258.
Sruti, 199.
SRIHERSHA, 277.
Srivatsa, 292.
STEPHANUS BYZANTINUS, 287.
St'havara, 245.
St'hiti st'havaca, 181.
St'hita sarira, 239, 269.
STRABO, his account of Indian classes, 286.
Subodhini, 214, 215.
Substances, nine, of the Nyaya system, 172.
Subtile frame, investing the soul, 155, 239, 269.
Suca, 63, 90.
SUCARMAN, 6.
SUCESA, 57.
Suc'ha, 258.
Suchi, 127.
Sucra, 127.
Sucshma sarira, 155, 239, 269.
Sucta, 8, 53.
Suclabatas, 297.
Suclambaras, 298.
SUDACSHINA, 96.
SUDAS, 22, 25.
Sudd'ha Ganapati, 125.
Sudhanwa, 190.
Sudhas rotriya Brahmanas, 277.
Sudras, 271.
SUGATA, 251.
Sugata, 290.
SUMANTU, 4, 6, 7,
SUMBHADESA, 271.
SUMERU, 175.
Sun, 15, 82, 83.
SUNACA, 56.
SUNASEP'HA, 10.
Sundari tapani, 69.
Sunnis, 303, 304.
Sunya, 223.
SURABHI, 121, 129.
Sureswaracharya, 36.
Surya, 15.
Sushadman, 25.
Sushaman, 11.
Sushmana, 136.
Sushmina, 23.
Sushamna, 96, 234.
SUTA, 4.
Suta, 273.
Sutras of Buddhamuni, 251.
of CANADE, 165, &c.
of Badarayana, 209, 211.
of GOTAMA, 165, &c.
of JAIMINI, 189, &c.
of Panchasic'ha, 147.
of PATANJALI, 148, 149.
of VRIHASPATI, 260.
SUTWAN, 25.
SUVRATA, 66.
Swadha, 17, 103, 112.
SWAHA, 103, 112.
SWANAYA, 11.
Swar, 33, 269.
Swaraj, 20.
Swarga, 29.
Swastica, 292.
Swatantrya. 241.
Swati, 126.
Swayambhu Brahme, 32.
Swayampracasananda Saraswati, 216.
Swernagrama, 271.
SWETACETU, 30, 50.
Swetambaras, 245.
SWETASWATARA, 47.
Swetaswatara sac'ha, 6, 47.
Swetaswatara upanishad, 47, 208.
Syauras, 282.
Syena yaga, 204.
Syllogism, 185, 211.

T

Tad, 17.
Taijasu arira, 282.
Tailanga Brahmanas, 271.
Tailica, 273.
Taittiriyacas, 6, 200.
Taittiriya sac'ha, 200.
Taittiriya sanhita, 26.
Taittiriya upanishad, 3, 5, 45, 55, 208.
Taittiriya Yajur veda, 18, 24, 36, 44, 59, 127.
Talavacaras, 7, 53.
Tamarasa, 201.
Tamas, 17, 157.
Tambula, 72.
Tambuli, 273.
Tamracuta, 272.
Tanaya brahmana, 49.
Tanlica, 273.
Tanmatra, 153, 238.
Tanmatrasarga, 155.
Tanti, 272.
Tantras, 9, 36, 68, 125, 224, 266, 270, 275.
Tantravaya, 272, 273, 274.
Tapaniyas, 6.
Tapaniya upanishad, 2.
Tapas, 44, 246. A month, 66, 126, 127.
Tapasya, 126, 127, &c.
Tarca, 186.
Tarcabhasa, 166.
Tarcabhasha, 166.
Tarcabhasha pracesa, 166.
Tarcabhasha sara manjari, 166.
Tarpana, 72.
Tatwa, 184, 263.
Tatwa caumudi, 147.
Tatwa samasa, 146, &c.
Tatwa vindu, 213.
Tejas, 157, 239, 267.
Tejivindu upanishad, 58.
T'hacusa, 279.
Theistical Sanc'hya, 149.
Tila, 70.
Time, 175, 248, 249.
Tirabhucti (Tirhut), 235.
TIRINDIRA, 11.
Tirt' hancara, 294.
TITTIRI, 6.
Tiware, 3.
Todala tantra, 270.
Traipuriya upanishad, 69.
Transmigrations of the soul, 229.
TRASADASYU, 10.
TRAYYARUNA, 10.
Triad of gods, 78, 153.
Tricanda mandana, 127.
Trich, 197.
Tripura upanishad, 69.
Tripuri upanishad, 69.
Trish'tubh (metre), 18.
TRITA, 14.
Trivedi, 3.
Trivrit, 202.
TURA, 21, 42.
Turushcas, 273.
TWASHTRI, 16.

U

Uc'ha, 6.
UCHCH'HISHTA GANAPATI, 125.
Uct'hya, 45.
Udaharana, 185.
UDAMAYA, 22.
Udana, 122.
UDAYANA ACHARYA, 166, 179.
Udbhid, 204.
Udbhijja, 239.
UDDALACA, 19, 30, 50, &c. 218.
Uddesa, 167.
Udgatri, 83.
Udumbara, 205.
Udvaha, 119.
Ugana, 49.
Ugra, 273.
UGRASENA, 21.
Uhagana, 48, 49.
Uhyagana, 49.
Ujas, 127.
Ujjinta, 293.
UPACOSALA, 218.
Upacosala vidya, 209.
Upadana, 255, 265.
Upadesa sahasri, 214.
Upadhi, 182.
Upahara, 263.
Upamana, 193.
UPAMANYU, 50
Upanaya, 185.
Upanishad, 7, 25, 30, 55, 154, 208, &c.
UPAVARSHA, 212.
Ushnih, 18.
Usic, 11.
USINARA, 11, 20.
Utcala Brahmanas, 271.
Utsarpini age, 290.
Uttara, 192.
Uttara curu, 20, 23.
Uttara grant'ha, 197.
Uttara madra, 20.
Uttaru p'halguni, 126.
Uttara tapaniya, 58.
Uttara valli, 58.
UVATA, 31, 60.

V

VACH, 16.
VACHACRU, 41.
VACHACUTI, 90.
VACHESPATI, 145, 147, 166, 213.
VACPATI, 66.
Vada, 186.
Vaibhashicas, 252, &c.
Vaicarica, 282.
VAIDARBHI, 57.
Vaideha, 274.
Vaidicas, 277.
Vaidya, 272.
VAIJAVAPI, 90.
Vainava, 98.
Vaisac'ha, 72, 126, &c.
VAISAMPAYANA, 4, 5.
Vaiseshica, 143, 144, 165, &c.
Vaiseshica school, 297.
Vaishnavas, 68, 123, 284.
Vaiswadeva sacrifice, 72, 118.
Vaiswanara, 219.
Vaiswanara vidya, 209.
Vaisyas, 271. Vaisya class among the Jainas, 283.
Vaitarani, 111.
Vaitarani dhenu. 111.
Vaiyacarana bhushana, 166.
VAIVASWATA, 90.
Vajapeya, 31, 35, 43, 206.
Vagaratna, 21.
Vajasaneya sanhita upanishad, 34.
Vajasaneyi Yajur veda, 5, 10, 31, &c. 42, &c. 200, 267.
Vajasaneyi brahmana upanishad, 36.
Vajasaneyins, 209.
VAJASRAVASA, 58.
Vajins, 6, 42, 209.
Vajrasuchi upanishad, 69.
Valaca, 225.
VALLABHA ACHARYA, 123.
Valli upanishad, 58.
VAMADEVA, 10, 29, 32.
Vamadevya hymn, 140.
Vamadevya vidya, 209.
Varaha, 98, 201.
Varaha avatara, 44.
Varaha calpa, 44.
Varajivi, 272.
Varanasi (Benares), 235.
VARDHAMANA, 294.
Varendra, 271, 277.
Varga, see Barga.
Varhaspatya school, 298.
Varsha, 127.
Vartica, 166, 190.
Vartica taparya parisuddhi, 166.
Vartica tatparya tica, 166.
VARU, 11.
VARUNA, 15, 16, 18, 32, 33, 45, 85, 131, 134, 137, 235.
Varuni upanishad, 45, 59.
Vasa, 20.
Vasanabhashya, 298, 301.
Vasanta, 126, 127.
Vasisht'ha, 10, 14, &c. 22, &c. 32, 121, 129.
VASUDEVA, 266.
Vasudevas, 297.
VASUMANAS, 11, 12.
Vasus, 16, 44, 131.
VATSA, 277.
Vedas, 1, &c. Consisting of parts written at various times, 64, 297, 198. Peculiarities of Dialect, 202. Portions liable to the suspicion of modern origin, 67, 196. Genuineness and antiquity of the Vedas generally, 59, &c. Four Vedas alluded to in some Upanishads, 39, 57. The Vedas maintained to be primeval, 196, 223. Prayers on beginning a lecture of the several Vedas, 88, 118. Vedas, their antiquity, 284, 285, 289. The Vedas rejected by the Bauddhas and Jainas, 281.
Vedadipa, 10, 31, 34.
VEDAGARVA, 277.
VEDAMITRA, 5.
Vedana scandha, 254.
Vedaniya, 247.
Vedanta, 60, 143, 208, 237, &c. 281, 284.
Vedanta calpa latica, 216.
Vedanta calpataru, 213.
Vedanta calpataru manjari, 213.
Vedanta calpataru parimala, 213.
Vedanta paribhasha, 215.
Vedanta sara, 56, 215.
Vedanta sic'hamani, 194, 215.
Vedanta siddhanta vindu, 210.
Vedanta sutras, 203.
Vedanta sutra muctavali, 214.
Vedanta sutra vyac'hya chandrica, 214.
VEDAVYASA, See VYASA.
Vega, 181.
Vegana, 49.
Vencatadri, 191.
Vencatagiri, 191.
Venus, the planet, 96.
Verman, 278.
VIBHINDU, 11.
Vibhuti, 148.
Vidagd'ha, 41.
Vidarbha, 25.
Videhas, 40.
Videha mucti, 237.
Vid'hatri, 120.
Vidhi, 262, 263.
Vidriti, 28.
Vidwan mano ranjini, 215.
Vidyanagara, 192.
Vidyanat'ha Bhatta, 213.
VIDYARANYA, 30 . 37, 46, 47, 58.
Vigana arna, 49.
Vijeya vilasa, 4, 10.
Vijnyana, 252, 255, 263.
VIJNYANA BHICSHU, 144, 145, 146, 148.
Vijnyana maya, 238.
Vijnyana scandha, 254.
VIJNYANAYOGI, OF VIJNYANESWARA, 62.
Vipra, 74.
Virdj, 20, 29, 36, 37, 38, 40, 104.
Virati (metre), 18.
VIROCHANA, 22.
Virya, 267.
Visac'ha, 126.
VISALA, 26.
Visesha, 182.
Vishaya, 184.
VISHNU. 46, 137. No trace of the worship of his incarnation in the Vedas, 68. His three strides, 85, 94.
VISHNU, his nine foes, 297.
Vishnu purana, 4, 5, 63, 83, 149.
VISWACARMAN, 21.
Viswadevas, 16, 20, 113, &c.
Viswajit, 204.
VISWAMITRA. 10, 14, 32, &c. 107.
Viswanat'ha, 166.
Viswantara, 25.
Visweswarananda, 216.
Vitasta, 85.
Vivadarnava setu, 270.
Vivasanas, 245.
Vivaswat, 32.
Vivaha, 119.
VOPADEVA, 123.
Vrata, 263.
Vriddhi sradd'ha, 117.
Vrihad aranyaca, 5, 16. 30, 35-43, 55, 61, 208, &c., 231, 281.
Vrihad dharma purana, 63, 270.
Vrihadrat'ha, 47.
Vrihaduct'ha, 23.
Vrihangir, 10.
Vrihan narayana upanishad, 45, 59.
VRIHASPATI, 11, 18, 32, 46, 74, 96, 134.
Vrihati (metre), 18.
Vrihat parasara, 66.
Vrisha, 126, 127.
VRISHABHA, 291.
VRITRA. 13.
VRITRAGHNA, 23.
VTITRAHAN, 13.
Vritti, 212, 246.
Vritticara, 189.
VUDILA, 50, 52.
VYAGHRAPAD, 52.
Vyahritis, 12, 19.
Vyana, 122.
VYASA, 1, 10, 40, 63, 74, 143, &c.
Vyasasrama, 213.
Vyasa sutra vritti, 214.
VYASA Tirt'ha, 49.
Vyatipata, 117.
Vyavaharici, 240.

W.

Waters, prayers to them, 77, 85, 86.
White Yajur veda, 5, 6, 31, &c.
Widow, 70, &c.
Worlds, seven, 80.

Y

Yaya, 203.
Yajnya, 17.
Yajnya, 4, 31, 35, 54, 68.
Yajnyadeva, 35.
Yajnyatantra sudhanidhi, 48.
YAJNYAWALCYA, 5, 32, 36, 39, &c. 62, 78. &c.
Vajur veda, 2, 5, 31, &c.
Yajush, 5, 31, 197, 198.
YAMA, 16, 58, 90, 135, 137, 241.
YAMUNA, 16.
Yamuna, 23, 85, 98.
Yasca, 5, 6.
Yati, 72.
Yatis, 282.
Yatna, 181.
Yava, 114.
Yavana language, 201.
Yavanas, 275.
Year, 33, 65.
Yoga, 143, &c. 262, 263.
Yogacharas, 252.
Yoga sastra, 145, 148, 155, 158.
Yoga school, 297.
Vogasicsha upanishad, 58.
Yogasiddha, 245.
Yoga sutras, 148.
Yoga tattwa upanishad, 58.
Yoga vartica, 146, 148, 214.
Yoga vasisht'ha, 209.
Yogi, 158.
Yojana, 300.
Yoni grant'ha, 197.
Yudhansraushti, 21.
Yudhisht'hira, 284.
Yuga, 65, &c.
Ygadyas, 117.
YUVANASWA, 11.
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