The Palas of Bengal, by Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay

That's French for "the ancient system," as in the ancient system of feudal privileges and the exercise of autocratic power over the peasants. The ancien regime never goes away, like vampires and dinosaur bones they are always hidden in the earth, exercising a mysterious influence. It is not paranoia to believe that the elites scheme against the common man. Inform yourself about their schemes here.

Re: The Palas of Bengal, by Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay

Postby admin » Tue Apr 27, 2021 10:21 am

Part 3 of 3

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Colophon of Prajñāpāramitā. Private Collection. 19th year of Harivarmman.

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Colophon of Amarakoṣa. Collection of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Copied in the 14th year of Govindapāla.

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Colophon of Aṣṭa-sāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā. Collection of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Copied in the 18th year of Govindapāla.

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Colophon of Pañcarakṣā. Cambridge University Library. Copied in the 14th year of Nayapāla. MS. Add. 1688.

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Colophon of Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā. Copied in the 5th year of Mahīpāla I. MS. Add. 1464.

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Colophon of Yogaratnamālā. Cambridge University Library. Year 39 of Govindapāla.

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Colophon of Pañcākāra. Cambridge University Library. Year 38 of Govindapāla.

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Colophon of Guhyāvalīvivṛti. Cambridge University Library. Year 37 of Govindapāla.
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Re: The Palas of Bengal, by Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay

Postby admin » Tue Apr 27, 2021 10:22 am

INDEX.

A

Adbhūtasāgara, work on astronomy ascribed to Vallālasena
105, 106
Ādideva, Sāndhivigrahika of the king of Vaṅga
98
Ādityasena, independent king of Magadha
43
Ādivarāha, see Bhoja I.
Adwand Bihar, see Uddaṇḍapura.
"Amarakoṣa"
110
Amoghavarṣa I
49, 51, 52, 56, 59, 65, 66
Anantavarmman, king of Orissa
101
Andhra country
62
Aṅga
56, 59
Asoka, XIII rock edict of
69
"Aṣṭasāhasrika Prajñāpāramitā"
65, 74, 93, 97, 108, 110, 111
Atīśa, the life of
77
Avanivarman I
52
—— II
52
Avantī (Malwa)
50, 51

B

Bālāditya, temple at Nālandā burnt by
75
Balavarman
52
Benares occupied by Mahīpāla
70
Bengal, invasions of:
From Assam, 43; from Kanauj, 43; by Rāṣṭrakūṭas, 45, 60; by Gurjaras, 55; by Amoghavarṣa I, 59; by Mongolian tribes, 63; by Kṛṣṇa II, 66; by Govindacandra, 107; by Vikramāditya VI, 99; Coḷa invasion
71, 72
Berar
71, 73
Bhadra country
47
Bhāgyadevī, daughter of Tuṅga
62
Bhāṇḍadeva, a monastery at Gayā erected by
59
—— Vappadeva's son
60, 61
Bhaṇḍi, cousin of Harṣavarddhana
44
—— race of
50
Bhavadeva I
98
Bhavadeva II, minister of Harivarmmadeva
98
Bhīma, Rudoka's son, 85; execution of
91
Bhīmadeva I of Anahilvād
79
Bhīmayaśas, prince of Pīṭhī and Magadha
87, 89
Bhoja (N.-E. Rajputana)
51
—— I, expedition against Bengal of
58, 59
—— I, Gurjara king
52, 55, 58, 59, 64, 65
—— II, son of Mahendrapāla and Dehanāgā
65, 66
Bhojavarman
97
Bihar
43, 45, 71
Boar incarnation
86
Bodhisatva Padmapāṇi, Chaṇḍimau image of
93
Brāhmaṇas, descent of
57
"Bṛhat Saṁhita"
47
Buddhist Vihāra, built by Rāmapāla at Rāmāvatī
91

C

Cakrāyudha
48, 49, 50, 51, 52
Cambay plates of Govinda III
48
Caṇḍa-kauśika, a drama by Ārya Kṣemīśvara
73
Candārrjjuna of Śaṅkaṭagrāma
90
Candradeva, a Gāhaḍavāla king
89, 103
Cedis
59, 70, 99
Chāhamāna Guvāka I
53
Chronology of the Pālas, confusion of
48
Coḷa I
68, 69, 71, 72, 73, 99

D

Ḍamara, Bhīma's capital
91
Damaśūra
72
Dānasāgara, ascribed to Vallālasena
105, 106
Daṇḍabhukti, subjugation of
71
Darbhapāṇi Miśra, Devapāla's minister
55, 57, 62
Dayitaviṣṇu, grandfather of Gopāla I
45
Deddadevī, the wife of Gopāla I
47
Ḍekkarīya (Ḍhekura, Ḍhekurī?)
90
Deposition of Indrāyudha
51
Devagupta
43
Devakhaḍga, Jātakhaḍga's son
67
Devapāladeva
47, 53, 55, 56, 57, 62, 69
Devapara, see Inscriptions—Deopara.
Devarakṣita of Pīṭhī, wars of Rāmapāla with
86, 87
"Dharmmamaṅgala"
46
Dharmmamitra, Buddhist elder
62
Dharmmapāla (Dharmmapāladeva)
46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 56, 62
——, a feudatory of Mahīpāla
90
Dhruvarāja, father of Govinda III
44, 49, 50, 51, 52
—— II of Gujarat
65
Divvoka, "rebel"
84, 85, 87
Dorapavarddhana of Kauśāmbī
90
Drāviḍas (= Rāṣṭrakūṭas)
56

E

Eastern Bengal, independent kingdom in
67
Empire, the Second Pāla
68, 69

G

Gadādhara, temple at Gayā
78, 79, 95
Gāhaḍavāla
87, 88, 89, 106, 107, 108
Gandhāra (N.-W. Frontier Provinces)
51
Ganges and Yamunā, confluence of
66
——, bridge of boats on the
90, 91
Gāṅgeyadeva, king of Cedis
70, 74, 76
Garga, Dharmmapāla's minister
62
Gauḍa, 43, 44, 45, 56, 59. 77, 89; occupied by Mongols
63
——, Kamboja kings of
69
Gayā, city of
58, 59, 60, 61
Ghanarāma, author of Dharmmamaṅgala
46
Gopāla (Gopāladeva) I
45, 47, 48, 62, 84
—— II
65, 66, 69, 70
—— III
84, 85, 92, 94, 102
Gopāladeva's election
45
Govarddhana, Ādideva's son, renowned warrior
98
Govinda III, king of Rāṣṭrakūṭa
44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 55, 56
Govinda-Candra, king of Vaṅga
73, 106, 107
Govindapāladeva of Magadha
96, 97, 108, 111, 112
Grants—
⁠Āmgāchi
47, 70
⁠Amoghavarṣa I, grant of
49, 52
⁠Bangarh
80
⁠Baroda
52
⁠Belabo
97
⁠Benares
65
⁠Bhagalpur
47, 48, 50, 57, 60, 62
⁠Dinajpur
47, 70, 76
⁠Edilpur
106
⁠Harivarmmadeva
97
⁠Kamauli
45, 94, 95
⁠Khalimpur
45, 47, 51, 53, 54
⁠Madanapāḍa
106, 108
⁠Manahali
47, 57, 62, 76, 84, 91, 103, 104
⁠Monghyr
53, 56, 57
⁠Mungir
47
⁠Patna grant of Govinda-candra
106
⁠Radhanpur
44, 50, 52
⁠Sītāhāṭī grant of Vallālasena
72, 99
⁠Tarpandighi
107
⁠Una grant of Mahendrapāla
52
⁠Wani grant by king Govinda III
44, 50
"Guhyavalī vivṛiti"
110
Gujarat branch of the Rāṣṭrakūṭa family
52
Guravamiśra, Kedāramiśra's son
56, 62, 69
Gurjāra family
49, 58, 60, 63, 64, 89
—— -Pratīhāra Empire
66, 67, 69
Gurjaras,
45, 50, 51, 52, 55, 56, 58, 66, 70, 77

H

Haihaya king of Tripuri
58
Hari, Bhīma's friend, execution of
91
Harivaṁśa-purāṇa (Jaina)
48, 50
Harivarmman
98
"Harṣacarita"
44
Harṣadeva
43
Harṣavarddhana
43, 44
Hastīpāla
95
Himālayas
55
Hūṇas, humbled by Devapāla
56, 76

I

Imprisonment of Rāmapāla and Śūrapāla
84
Indian Museum, Calcutta, Inscription gallery
61
Indra III, Rāṣṭrakūṭa king
66
Indrarāja (Indrāyudha?)
48, 50
Indrāyudha
48, 50, 51
Inscriptions—
⁠Ādityasena's
43
⁠Akṣayavaṭa
80, 83, 95
⁠Asni inscription of Mahīpāla
64
⁠Badal pillar inscription
55, 56, 57, 63, 68
⁠Banka's
58
⁠Belkhara
110, 111
⁠Bheraghat
76
⁠Bhuvaneśvara
97, 98
⁠Bihar
82
⁠Bilhari
65
⁠Buchkala
49
⁠Deo-Banārak
43
⁠Deopārā
103, 104, 105
⁠Dharmapāla
53
⁠Dinajpur pillar inscription, the date of
68
⁠Gadādhara temple inscription at Gayā
78, 79, 95
⁠Gahaḍavāla
107
⁠Gayā
60, 109, 112
⁠Ghosrawan
56, 64
⁠Govindapāla
63
⁠Guneriya
63, 64
⁠Gwalior
44, 49, 58, 59
⁠Imādpur
74
⁠Kamaulī
95
⁠Karanbel
77
⁠Khalimpur
45
⁠Kṛṣṇadvārikā temple inscription
77, 79, 95
⁠Mahendrapāla
52
⁠Mahīpāla I
63
⁠Manda
72
⁠Mandor
58, 59
⁠Mathurā
72
⁠Melpāḍi
99
⁠Nālandā
75
⁠Narasiṁha
95
⁠Nilgund
52, 56, 59
⁠Pāla
47
⁠Pathari
53
⁠Pratīhāra
58
⁠—— Kakkuka
59
⁠Rāmapāla
63
⁠Rām-gayā
63
⁠Rohṭasgaḍh
107
⁠Sārnāth
74, 86
⁠Sītāhaṭī
106
⁠Sitalā temple
95
⁠Tārāchaṇḍī
107, 108
⁠Tetrawan
93
⁠Tirhut
59
⁠Tirumalai
69, 71, 72, 73, 90
⁠Tuṅga Dharmmāvaloka's inscription at Mahabodhi
62
⁠Yakṣapāla
95, 96

J

Jaina work, Vatsarāja mentioned in
47
Jātakhaḍga, Khaḍgodyama's son
67
Jātavarman
97
Jayadeva, the Licchavi, grandson of Harṣadeva
43
Jayapāla, father of Vigrahapāla I
57, 58, 62
Jayāpīḍa, story of the banished king
44
Jayasiṁha of Daṇḍabhūkti
71, 89
—— II
99
Jīvitagupta II
43
Jyotirvarman
98, 99

K

Kaivartta, king of Bengal
87
Kakka, a general of Bhoja I
59
Kaliṅgas
43, 77, 101
Kāmarūpa, conquests and invasions of
92, 98, 104, 107
Kamboja race, king of
68, 69
Kambojas, Mongolian tribe
55, 56, 63
—— the name of
69
Kanauj (Mahodaya),
43, 49, 50, 51, 52, 58, 106
"Kaṅurpālā"
46
Kānyakubja, occupied by Indra III
66
—— the capital of the Gurjaras
58, 89
Karkarāja
45
—— II
52, 53
Karṇadeva, Cedi emperor
51, 59, 65, 71, 76, 77, 79, 80, 98
Karṇa-Keśarī of Utkala, defeated by Jayasiṁha
71, 89
Karṇāṭakas, defeated by Mahīpāla I
73, 76
Karṇṇāta army, defeated by Vāhukadhavala
52
Kauśambī
90
Kedāramiśra, Darbhapāṇi's grandson
55, 56, 57, 62
Kenduāpatna plates
72
Keśavasena, Lakṣmaṇasena's son
107, 108
Khaḍgodyama, king of Eastern Bengal
67
Kīra (Kangra)
51, 77
Kīrttivarmaṇ
79
Kokkala I, Cedi emperor
65
Kośala (Orissa hill tracts)
43, 71
Kṛṣṇa II, Rāṣṭrakūṭa king
66
—— III
66
Kṣitīpāla, see Mahīpāla
Kulinism, Vallālasena the founder of
105
Kumārapāla
84, 85, 92, 94, 101, 102
Kuṅgas, subdued by Karṇṇadeva
77
Kuru (Eastern Punjab)
51

L

Lajjādevī, the wife of Vigrahapāla I
58
Lakṣmaṇasena, Vallālasena's son
105, 106, 107
Lakṣmīśūra
72, 89

M

Madanapāla,
47, 57, 84, 85, 88, 92, 94, 102, 103, 104
Mādhavagupta
43
Mādhavasena
108
Magadha
43, 56, 58, 59, 60, 63, 64, 69, 77, 97, 103, 104, 112
—— recovered by the Pālas
65, 66, 70
Mahaṇa, king of Aṅga
86, 87
Mahāsamanta, see Karkarāja II
Mahendrapāla
52, 59, 63, 64, 65, 66
Mahīndrapāla (Mahendrapāla)
64
Mahīpāla I,
47, 57, 59, 63, 66, 69, 70, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 90
—— II
61, 76, 83, 84, 85, 97
Mahmūd of Ghazni
70
Mahodaya, see Kanauj.
Mālava
56, 59
Mandāra, Lakṣmīśūra, king of
89
Mathanadeva, uncle of Rāmapāla,
83, 90, 92, 93, 97
Matsya (N.-E. Rajputana)
51
Māyana, conqueror of Assam
92, 101
Mithila (see Tīrabhūkti) conquered by Mahīpāla, 70, 73, 74, 95; attacked by Vijayasena
104
107
1
Mongolian tribe, invasion of North Bengal
63, 68, 69
Mudgagiri, siege of
59, 60, 62
Muhammadan occupation
68, 108, 110, 112
Muralas, subdued by Karṇṇadeva
77
Mythical accounts of the origin of the Pālas
45

N

Nāgabhata II
45, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53
Nāgāvaloka, defeated by Karkarāja
53
Nāgavaṁśa, Utkala returned to
92
Nālandā
56, 65, 70, 75, 109, 112
Nānyadeva, king of Mithilā
103
Narasiṁha, victorious chief of Indra III
60
Narasiṁhadeva II, king of Orissa
72
Narasiṁhārjjuna of Kayaṅgala
90
Nārāyaṇa, Umapati's grandson, author of Pariśiṣṭaprakāśa
58
Nārāyaṇapāla
47, 48, 50, 56, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 69
Nārāyaṇavarmman
54
Nayapāla, successor of Mahīpāla,
74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 87, 95
Northern Bengal campaign of Rāmapāla
87
—— India, conquered by Dharmmapāla
50
—— Indian politics in the 8th and 9th centuries
48

O

Oḍra, see Orissa.
Origin of Pāla dynasty
45
Orissa (Oḍra)
43, 59, 71
Otantapura, see Uddaṇḍapura

P

"Pañcakara"
111
Pañcāla country
51
Pañca-rakṣā
79
Pāṇḍyas, subdued by Karṇṇadeva
77
Parabala, Rāṣṭrakūṭa chief
53
"Pariśiṣṭaprakāśa," commentary on the Chandogapariśiṣṭa
58
Pāṭaliputra
53
Pīṭhī (Piṭhapuram), position of
87, 89
Plates—
⁠Baroda plates of Karkarāja
44
⁠Basāhi
103
⁠Belabo
98
Prāgjyotiṣa, conquered by Jayapāla
57
Prajāpatinandi, Rāmapāla's minister of war and peace
93, 100
Pratāpasiṁha of Dekkarīya
90

R

Rāḍhā (Western Bengal)
63, 71, 72
"Rājataraṇginī"
43, 44
Rājyapāla, Devapāla's son
56, 57, 60
—— Nārāyaṇapāla's son, marriage of, 62; reign of
65, 69
—— the eldest son of Rāmapāla,
85, 90, 92
Rājyapāladeva, murdered by Indian princes
70
Rāmabhadra, Gurjara king
52, 56, 58
"Rāmacarita"
45, 46, 48, 71, 84, 86, 89, 94, 103
Rāmadevī, Vallālasena's wife
106
Rāmapāla
57, 71, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 97, 99, 100, 101, 104
Rāmāvatī, new capital of Pālas, founded by Rāmapāla
91, 92, 104
Raṇaśūra, the ruler of Southern Rāḍhā
72
Raṇṇādevī, daughter of Parabala, married to Dharmapāla
53
Rāṣṭrakūṭa family
83, 90
Rāṣṭrakūṭas
44, 45, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 59, 65, 66, 68
Rathāṅga, Bhavadeva's son
98
Relationship between the Pālas, Gāhaḍavālas, the Rāṣṭrakūṭas of Magadha and the rulers of Pīṭhī
87, 88
Rudoka, Divvoka's brother
85
Rudraśikhara of Tailakampa
90

S

Sākambharī
53
Sāmalavarman, son of Jātavarman
98
Sāmantasena, founder of Sena dynasty
98, 99, 100
Sandhyākara-nandi, author of "Rāmacarita"
45, 48
Śaṅkaradevī, Mathana's daughter, married to Devarakṣita of Pīṭhī
86
Sarkars, Northern (Kaliṇga)
43
Sārnath, temple of
74
Sea-god, Pālas the descendants of
46
Sena dynasty
99, 105, 106
Sīḥadeva, Vāmadeva's son
60, 61
Śiva, temple at Kalaśapota
62
Śivarāja, cousin of Rāmapāla
85, 86, 90, 93
Soma of Paduvanvā
90
Someśvara, Darbhapāṇi's son
62
—— I, of the Western Cālukya
79
Sthirapāla, Vasantapāla's brother
74
Sun, the race of the
46
Śūrapāla I, see Vigrahapāla I.
—— II

57, 83, 84, 85
—— of Kujabaṭī
90
Suvarṇadeva, uncle of Rāmapāla
83, 90, 93

T

Tailakampa (Telkupi?)
90
Takkaṇa Lāḍam (= Dakṣiṇa Lāṭa? Dakṣiṇa Virāṭa? or Dakṣiṇa Rāḍhā?)
71
Tārānātha, Tibetan historian
47, 53, 57, 58, 74, 92, 95
Thanesar
44
Tiṅgyadeva, chief of Assam rebellion
101
Tīrabhūkti (Tirhut, Mithilā)
59, 62, 63, 70
Tīrthika, king of Karṇya
77
Tribhuvanapāla
53, 54
Trilocanapāla, king of Gurjaras
70

U

Udayāditya of Mālava
76, 79
Uddaṇḍacuḍa see Uddaṇḍapura.
Uddaṇḍapura, ancient name of Bihar
57, 58, 71
Umāpati, a learned Brāhmaṇa of Kāñjivilvī
58
Utkalas, eradicated by Devapāla, 56, 57; attacked by Rāmapāla
92, 101
Uttarāpatha (Northern India)
58
Uttara Rāḍhā (Northern Rāḍhā)
72, 73

V

Vāhukadhavala
52
Vaidyadeva, minister of Kumārapāla,
45, 101, 102
Vajravarman
97, 98
Vakpāla, Dharmmapāla's brother
57, 58, 62
Vāla-Valabhi, the position of
89, 99
Vallabha, Śrī =, king of the South
50
Vallabhadevī, Vāmadeva's wife
60, 61
Vallālasena
105, 106, 107
Vāmadeva
60, 61
Vaṅga (Eastern Bengal),
44, 45, 49, 51, 56, 58, 59, 69, 71, 72, 76, 77
Vappadeva, Siḥadeva's son
60, 61
Varendra (Northern Bengal)
63, 73, 84, 85, 90, 99, 102, 104
Varman dynasty of Eastern Bengal
97
Vasantapāla, Sthirapāla's brother
74
Vatsarāja, king of Gurjara,
44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
Veṅgi
56, 59
Vigrahapāla I (Śūrapāla I),
55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 62
—— II
66, 69, 70
—— III
46, 47, 62, 70, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 95, 97, 98, 112
Vijayapur
104
Vijayarāja of Nidrāvala
90
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